Ever tried to find out why 26th January is called the ‘Republic Day’. Let’s know the history behind this big day, some hidden facts and why something special is expected from this year’s Republic Day Celebrations.
What does “Republic” mean?
A republic is a form of government in which power resides in the people, and the government is ruled by elected leaders run according to the law rather than inherited or appointed.
Currently, 135 of the world’s 206 sovereign states use the word “republic” as part of their official names.
History of Republic Day!
India became independent of the United Kingdom on 15th August 1947 but India did not have a permanent constitution at this time.
The drafting committee presented the constitution’s first draft to the national assembly on 4th November 1947. The national assembly signed the final English and Hindi language versions of the constitution on January 24, 1950.
Republic Day 26th January 1950 is the day on which the Constitution of India came into force replacing the Government of India Act (1935) as the governing document of India.
The Indian Constitution was planned and drafted by Dr. Bhimrao Ramji Ambedkar.
The Constitution was passed by the Constituent Assembly of India on 26 November 1949 but was adopted on 26 January 1950 with a democratic government system, completing the country’s transition toward becoming an independent republic.
26 January was selected for this purpose because it was this day in 1930 when the Declaration of Indian Independence (PurnaSwaraj) was proclaimed by the Indian National Congress.
On 26th January 1930, Dr. Rajendra Prasad took oath as India’s first president at the Durbar Hall in the Government House, followed by a residential drive along a route to the Irwin Stadium, where he unfurled India’s national flag. Ever since the historic day, January 26 is celebrated with festivities and patriotic fervor across India.
6 Interesting facts that you might not know about Republic Day!
Let’s have a look!
The main Republic Day celebration is held in the national capital, New Delhi, at the Rajpath before the President of India. On this day, ceremonious parades take place at the Rajpath, which are performed as a tribute to India.It was the first time on 26th January 1955 when the parade was organized at Rajpath.
Since 1950, India has been hosting head of state or government of another country as the state guest of honour for Republic Day celebrations in New Delhi.The guest country is chosen after a deliberation of strategic, economic and political interests.
During 1950-1954, Republic Day celebrations were organized at different venues (like Irwin Stadium, Kingsway, Red Fort and Ramlila Grounds).
Our Constitution is the longest in the world. You definitely cannot read it in a single day.
Now, writing the constitution was not simple. The Assembly gathered for 166 days that was spread over two years, 11 months and 18 days before the final version was formed. Yes, it was all hand-written and it was on the 26th of January that marked the celebration of Independence in its true sense.
There are just two original copies of the Constitution in the country written in Hindi and English. They have been preserved in helium-filled cases in the Parliament of India. This constitution has been calligraphed and not printed. Such photolithographic copies are in circulation and only 1000 copies have been written till date.
What’s new you should expect from this Republic Day, 26 January 2018?
The celebration for the 69th Republic Day is going to be more special this time. India will be hosting 10 chief guests for the first time on the Republic Day 2018.
These 10 chief guests are the leaders from the countries which are part of the Association of Southeast Asian Nations (ASEAN). The association is made up from the collaboration of the countries which are Indonesia, Malaysia, Philippines, Singapore, Thailand, Brunei, Cambodia, Laos, Myanmar, and Vietnam. Following is the list of chief guests that will be attending the Republic Day Parade.
|Sultan and incumbent Prime Minister, Hassanal Bolkiah||Brunei|
|Prime Minister, Hun Sen||Cambodia|
|President, Joko Widodo||Indonesia|
|Prime Minister, Thongloun Sisoulith||Laos|
|Prime Minister, Najib Razak||Malaysia|
|President, Htin Kyaw||Myanmar|
|President, Rodrigo Roa Duterte||Philippines|
|President, Halimah Yacob||Singapore|
|Prime Minister, Prayuth Chan-ocha||Thailand|
|Prime Minister, Nguyễn Xuân Phúc||Vietnam|
This is the first time when so many leaders from different nations will be attending the Republic Day Parade. This can be a huge diplomatic step from the India Government for the development of the nation.
For the Republic Day 2017, the chief guest who attended the Republic Day parade was the Crown Prince of Abu Dhabi – Sheikh Mohamed bin Zayed Al Nahyan.
Events which you will be witnessing for the first time in the Republic Day Parade.
On 26th January 2018, the Republic Day Parade will be filled with lots of first timers displaying India’s Military Strength, Diversity, and its Culture. Below are the following events which will be displayed and highlighted for the first time.
On the Republic Day the sky will be filled with Helicopters and Jet planes waving the ASEAN Flag in honor of the 10 Chief Guests.
For the first time you will witness the motorcycle contingent of women personnel from the Border Security Forces (BSF).
The All India Radio(AIR) will feature Prime Minister Narendra Modi’s monthly address ‘Mann Ki Baat’ and also for the first time it will be leading a series of 23 tableaux in the Republic Day Parade.
In the list of first-timers, a new addition will be there. The Income Tax Department tableau will be displaying Demonetization and Anti-Black Money policies led by the government.
61 tribal guests from various states and union territories are invited by the Central Government to witness the 69th Republic Day Parade.
The 69th Republic Day Parade will be a showcase of the Indigenously-developed weapon system helicopter – RUDRA which will be making its entry for the first time in the parade.
A Special tribute to Late Arjan Singh – Marshal of Indian Air Force who passed away in September 2017, will be paid in parade.
Let’s all Pledge together and stand for these obligations!
To Respect Women and treat them equal. Protect them, respect their individuality and encourage them to come forward.
To save the Girl Child and educate them.
Keep our neighborhood, our city, our state and our India Clean. Contribute and Make India Green and Clean.
Say no to Corruption, Bureaucracy and Racial Discrimination.
Save and conserve these 3 ‘Valuable’ resources Water, Electricity and Petrol.
Save Tigers. Contribute in preserving this extinct animal breed.
Say No to Drugs. Quit Smoking and Drinking Alcohol.
After reading this blog if a feeling of patriotism did arouse in you, then share these facts amongst all Indians!!! Happy Republic Day! Don’t let the spirit of patriotism sleep in your hearts.