Current Affairs & General Knowledge 22 to 28 April 2018 – GK Eduwrap

Current Affairs General Knowledge GK Eduwrap


Read the Weekly Current Affairs and GK Updates Ques & Ans here. Get Free Access to Competitive Exams General Knowledge Quiz in GK Eduwrap.


It covers the Important Current Affairs in a comprehensive manner ensuring you to prepare confidently for the General Awareness Section in Popular Bank Exams & Government Exams.


We have catered the Important GK Updates from the major Current Affairs Categories below. Please have a look –


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National Current Affairs

International Current Affairs

Memorandum of Understanding

Science & Technology Events

Sports Current Affairs

Awards & Honours List
Appointments GK Updates

Important Days & Dates

Recent Deaths Updates

Banking & Economics Affairs


Important Abbreviations



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NationalNational Current Affairs | Access the Latest Happenings across India



1. Cabinet Launched Rashtriya Gram Swaraj Abhiyan


The Cabinet Committee on Economic Affairs chaired by the PM, Narendra Modi has launched the Rashtriya Gram Swaraj Abhiyan (RGSA) at Mandla in Madhya Pradesh


 This scheme will extend to all States and UTs of the Country and will also include institutions of rural local government in areas, where Panchayats do not exist.


 The scheme will have both Central Component like National Level activities including “National Plan of Technical Assistance”, “Mission Mode project on e-Panchayat”, “Incentivization of Panchayats” and State component as Capacity Building of Panchayati Raj Institutions (PRI).




2. Union Cabinet approved death penalty for child rapists


The Union Cabinet has approved an ordinance to allow courts to pronounce the death penalty to those convicted of raping children up to 12 years of age.


 Ordinance approved by the Cabinet also prescribes the minimum punishment in case of rape of women to increase from the rigorous imprisonment of 7 years to 10 years, extendable to life imprisonment.


 In case of rape of a girl under 16 years, minimum punishment has been increased from 10 years to 20 years, extendable to imprisonment for rest of life, which means imprisonment till that person’s natural life.




3. Madras HC becomes 1st court in South India to introduce e-court fee payment facility


The Madras High Court became the first court in South India and overall eighth in the country to introduce e-court fee payment facility.


 It will provide easier and secure way of paying stamp duty. It will also help to tackle sale of counterfeit judicial stamps duty.


 The advantage of this system is that the court fee can be paid as and when the user desires without bothering about non-availability of physical stamps.




4. Sundarban Reserve Forest to get Ramsar site status


The Sundarban Reserve Forest will be recognized as the Ramsar site soon. West Bengal Government has given its approval to State Forest Department to apply for coveted Ramsar Site recognition under Ramsar Convention to Sundarban Reserve Forest.


 Sundarbans Reserve Forest will be largest protected wetland in the country after getting approval as Ramsar


 The status wetland of international importance under Ramsar Convention will help in conservation of Sundarban (World Heritage Site) which is facing threat from climate change and rising sea level.





5. Suresh Prabhu chaired 1st Meeting of Think Tank on Framework for National Policy on E-Commerce


Minister of Commerce & Industry and Civil Aviation, Suresh Prabhu, has inaugurated the 1st meeting of the think tank on the Framework for National Policy on E-commerce.


 The Department of Commerce has established the think tank on the Framework for National Policy on E-commerce recently.


 The meeting will provide a reliable forum for an inclusive and fact-based dialogue leading to recommendations for informed policymaking to take advantage of the opportunities, and meet the challenges, that would arise from the next wave of advancements in the digital




6. 1st Smart city to run on 100% Renewable Energy during daytime


Diu Smart City has become the first city in India, that runs on 100% renewable energy during daytime setting a new benchmark for other cities to become clean and green.


 A 9 MW solar park spread over 50 hectares rocky barren land has been developed besides installing solar panels on the rooftops on 79 government buildings to generate 1.3 MW electricity annually.


 To further enhance its solar capacity, Diu offers its residents a subsidy of INR 10, 000-50,000 for installing 1-5 KW rooftop solar panels.


 Diu is saving about 13,000 tons of carbon emissions every year.




7. Adopt Heritage Project: Government awards LoI for 22 monuments


The Ministry of Tourism has awarded Letters of Intent (LoI) to 9 agencies for 22 monuments under Adopt a Heritage Project: Apni Dharohar, Apni Pehchaan Scheme.


 The project primarily focuses on providing basic facilities that include cleanliness, public convenience, drinking water, ease of access for tourists, signage etc. and advanced amenities like a Souvenir shop, Cafeteria, TFC etc.




8. Unnat Bharat Abhiyan 2.0 Launched by HRD Ministry


Minister of Human Resource Development Shri Prakash Javadekar has launched Unnat Bharat Abhiyan 2.0 in New Delhi.


 Unnat Bharat Abhiyan 2.0 is in line with Prime Minister Shri Narendra Modi’s vision to transform India, in which students from colleges and universities will go to nearby villages to get acquainted with the life of the village people and the problems faced by them in day to day life.




9. Relaxation to six-decade-old Protected Area Permit regime in Nagaland, Mizoram and Manipur


Foreign tourists will now be allowed to visit Nagaland, Mizoram and Manipur which are pristine locations of India, except those from Pakistan, China and Afghanistan.


 The home ministry has decided to relax the six-decade-old Protected Area Permit regime from Nagaland, Mizoram and Manipur for five years with effect from April 1.


 The move is being initiated to promote tourism, create job opportunities for the locals and generate revenue for the states.




10. NITI Aayog announced the launch of Atal New India Challenges


The NITI Aayog has launched Atal New India Challenge under Atal Innovation Mission (AIM) with the aim to bring-in innovations and technologies relevant to the people.


 Under this initiative, applicants showing capability, intent, and potential to productize technologies will be awarded grants up to INR 1 crore.


 This initiative will focus on efforts towards solving problems in core areas, which would have a direct impact on improving lives of citizens and also generate employment.




11. Van Dhan scheme launched by PM to help increase tribal income


PM Narendra Modi has launched the Van Dhan Scheme of Ministry of Tribal Affairs and Tribal Cooperative Marketing Development Federation of India (TRIFED) during the celebrations of Ambedkar Jayanti at Bijapur, Chhattisgarh.


 This scheme is for socio-economic development of tribal living in forests, for whom, collecting Minor Forest Produce (MFP) is a major source of livelihood.





InternationalInternational Current Affairs | Know What’s happening around the World



1. Commonwealth Heads of Government Meeting 2018 held in London


The Commonwealth Heads of Government Meeting 2018, also known as CHOGM 2018, was the 25th meeting of the heads of government of the Commonwealth of Nations.


 It was held in the United Kingdom. PM Narendra Modi attended the meeting for India.


 Rwanda has been selected as host of the next Commonwealth Heads of Government Meeting (CHOGM), to be held in 2020.




2. 15th SCO Defence Ministers meeting was conducted in China


India has participated in the 15th Shanghai Cooperation Organization (SCO) Defence Ministers Meeting for the first time, which was held at Beijing in China.


 Defence minister Smt. Nirmala Sitharaman highlighted India’s keen interest in developing an expanded partnership with the broader Eurasian region in the meeting.




3. India-China Informal Summit held in Wuhan


The Prime Minister Narendra Modi has attended first Informal Summit with China’s President Xi Jinping held in Wuhan.


 The purpose of the meeting was to exchange views on overarching issues of bilateral and global importance and to elaborate their respective visions and priorities for national development in the context of current and future international situation.




4. Peace Mission: India, Pakistan to participate together in SCO counter-terror exercise


For the first time, arch-rivals India and Pakistan are taking part in Peace Mission, a multi-nation counter-terror exercise in Russia to be held in September 2018.


 The military exercise is going to take place under the framework of Shanghai Cooperation Organization (SCO).


 Peace Mission counter-terror military exercise will be held in the Ural Mountains of Russia and almost all SCO member countries are taking part in it.




5. International Buddhist Conference held in Lumbini, Nepal


International Buddhist Conference was Conducted in Lumbini, Nepal on 29 and 30 April 2018 to commemorate Buddha Jayanti.


 The theme of the conference was ‘Lumbini Nepal: The birthplace of Lord Buddha and the fountain of Buddhism and world peace’.


 The basic objective of the conference was to disseminate teachings of Buddha and spread messages of nonviolence, brotherhood, co-existence, love and peace to international




6. Iran Bans Banks from Using Cryptocurrencies


Iran has banned the use of bitcoin and other cryptocurrencies by its banks and financial institutions.


 As per the central bank of Iran, the ban was necessary since all cryptocurrencies have the capacity to be turned into a means for money-laundering and financing terrorism and in general can be turned into a means for transferring criminals’ money.





MMOUsemorandum of Understanding (MoU) | Get the Best Information Out of Top Agreements



1. IOB signed information utility pact with NeSL


One of the leading public-sector banks- Indian Overseas Bank (IOB) has signed an agreement for information utility services with the National E-Governance Services Limited (NeSL) to expedite the Corporate Insolvency Resolution Process.


 The NeSL became India’s first information utility (IU) for bankruptcy cases under the Insolvency and Bankruptcy Code (IBC) 2016 in October 2017.


 With this agreement, the IOB branches will be able to provide high-quality, authenticated information about debts and defaults.




2. CSIR and DoT sign an MoU for nationwide Time Stamping & Time Synchronization network


CSIR-National Physical Laboratory (CSIR-NPL) and Department of Telecommunications (DoT) have signed an agreement on technical knowledge sharing for establishing nationwide Time Stamping and Time Synchronization network (TSTSN) and traceability of Time signal to NPL Time.


 The nationwide TSTSN consisting of 22 numbers of Time Synchronization Centers (TSC’s) will be set up by DoT with technical assistance from CSIR-NPL.


 This network will provide a synchronizing pulse in Indian Standard Time (IST) to all Telecom & Internet Service providers (ISPs) in all 22 LSA (Licensed Service Areas) in the country.




3. National Biopharma Mission: Government signed an MoU with World Bank


The Union Government has signed an agreement with World Bank for flexible financing arrangement to accelerate research towards early development for biopharmaceuticals under National Biopharma Mission.


 Its objective is to strengthen the translational capability of academic researchers, empower bio-entrepreneurs and SMEs (Small and medium-sized enterprises) by decreasing cost and risk during initial stages of product development and also elevate innovation quotient of the industry.




4. India inks an MoU with World Bank to Improve Rural Road Network in MP


The Government of India, the Government of Madhya Pradesh and the World Bank have signed a $210 million loan agreement for the Madhya Pradesh Rural Connectivity Project.


 The Project is aimed to improve the durability, flexibility and safety of the gravel surfaced rural roads and enhance the capacity of the state to manage its rural roads network.


 The Project will cover 10,510 km stretch of rural roads in Madhya Pradesh that fall under the Chief Ministers Gram Sadak Yojana (CMGSY) program.




5. ITC signed an MoU with NITI Aayog to train 2 lakh farmers to increase their income


FMCG major ITC has joined hands with NITI Aayog to train 2 lakh farmers to increase their income and raise the productivity of major crops in 25 aspirational districts across seven states in the country by 2022.


 These 25 aspirational districts are in Assam, Bihar, Jharkhand, Madhya Pradesh, Maharashtra, Rajasthan and Uttar Pradesh.


 The major objective of the agreement is to increase net returns from farming through a reduction in costs of production and increasing productivity of major crops in each of identified district.




6. PHDCCI, Indian Yoga Association signed an MoU to promote cultural tourism in Krishna Circuit


The Ph.D. Chamber of Commerce and Industry (PHDCCI) and Indian Yoga Association (IYA) have signed an MoU to facilitate interaction and cooperation between two organizations to promote wellness, spiritual and cultural tourism in Krishna Circuit.


 Under this MoU, PHDCCI and IYA have joined hands to provide holistic tourism experience to domestic and international travelers looking for some spiritually invigorating and cultural experiences.




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BEconomicsanking Awareness & Economics Current Affairs | Understand the Top Trends in India


1. PNB to take help of detective agencies to locate untraceable borrowers


Punjab National Bank (PNB) has invited applications for empanelment of detective agencies to locate its untraceable borrowers.


 The PNB has also resorted to ‘Gandhigiri’ wherein its staff hopes to ‘name and shame’ defaulting borrowers to recover up to INR 150 crore worth bad loans every month.




2. Government to acquire RBI’s stake in National Housing Bank


The government is planning to acquire the stake of Reserve Bank of India in housing finance regulator National Housing Bank (NHB).


 RBI currently holds 100% stake in the NHB.


 The Finance Bill 2018 has amended the National Housing Bank Act, 1987, for transferring RBI’s stake in the NHB to the government.




3. Bureau of Indian Standards grants first license for Liquid Chlorine on all India basis


Bureau of Indian Standards (BIS) has granted the first license to Gujarat Alkalies and Chemicals Ltd for Liquid Chlorine on all India basis as per Indian Standard (IS) 646:1986.


 This is the first license granted on All India basis. Liquid Chlorine is in liquid form and stored in metal containers.


 Liquid Chlorine is usually used as gas obtained by evaporating liquid from metal It is used mainly in paper, pulp, water sterilization, textile bleaching and manufacture of chemicals.




4. NSE’s India Index Services & Products Ltd launches Nifty Equity Savings Index


The National Stock Exchange’s (NSEs) arm India Index Services & Products Ltd (IISL) has launched Nifty equity savings index that will serve as a benchmark for equity saving funds offered by various mutual funds.


 The index will capture the performance of portfolio having exposure to equity, equity arbitrage and debt instruments in a similar way to the investment philosophy of equity savings funds.




5. RBI eases External borrowing norms to enable cheaper funds


The Reserve Bank of India (RBI) has relaxed External Commercial Borrowings (ECB) Policy by including more sectors in the window in order to facilitate cheaper access of overseas funds to Indian companies.


 RBI also has allowed companies engaged in the business of maintenance, repair and overhaul and freight forwarding to raise ECBs denominated in rupee only.


 RBI also relaxed norms for foreign investment in bonds by withdrawing investment cap for investors from investing in government bonds with a minimum residual maturity of three years.






ScienceScience & Technology Current Events | Stay Advanced with Latest Inventions



1.Researchers develop a potent molecule to treat chikungunya


Researchers from Indian Institute of Technology (IIT) Roorkee have identified two small potent molecules Pep-I and Pep-II for their inhibitory activity to treat Chikungunya disease.


 The antiviral activity of these molecules was so high that their small amount was able to achieve almost 99% reduction in the virus. Currently, there are no drugs to treat chikungunya or any vaccine to prevent it.


 The antiviral activity was tested by adding molecules directly into virus culture. During studies, it was confirmed that both molecules have significant ability to kill virus.




2. Scientists identify four bacterial strains to remove sulphur from fossil fuels


Scientists from CSIR-Institute of Minerals and Materials Technology (CSIR-IMMT) have discovered four bacterial strains that remove sulphur from fossil fuel such as petroleum and coal. Sulphur is one of the major pollutants emitted during the combustion of fossil fuels.


 Researchers were also able to identify the process of bio-desulfurization of these bacterial strains through specific pathway (4-S pathway).


 These bacterial strains can be potentially used on commercial scale for removal of sulphur from fossil fuels on commercial




3. Air Force Exercise Gaganshakti-2018 concluded

The Indian Air Force conducted pan India Exercise Gagan Shakti-2018 from 08-22 Apr 2018.


 The aim of the exercise was real-time coordination, deployment and employment of air power in a short and intense battle scenario.


 The focus of the exercise was to check the viability of operational plans and learn meaningful lessons.




4. Bangladesh is going to launch its first satellite on May 7


Bangladesh will become a member of the exclusive club of satellite-owning countries as it is going to launch first commercial satellite “Bangabandhu-1″ to space on May 7 from the US.


 The satellite will be launched from Florida’s Cape Canaveral.


 Bangladesh had signed a 14-billion-taka (about $180 million) loan agreement with the Hong Kong and Shanghai Banking Corporation (HSBC) in September 2016, to finance the country’s first-ever satellite “Bangabandhu-I”.




5. Indo Malaysian Joint Training Exercise HARIMAU SHAKTI 2018


As part of ongoing Indo-Malaysian defence cooperation, a joint training exercise Harimau Shakti is conducted in the dense forests of Sengai Perdik, Hulu Langat, Malaysia from 30 April 18 to 13 May 18.


 The aim of the exercise is to boost cooperation & coordination between armed forces of both the nations and to share the expertise of both the contingents in the conduct of counter-insurgency operations in jungle terrain.




6. Coastal Security Exercise ‘Sagar Kavach’ held in Kerala


A two-day coastal security exercise ‘Sagar Kavach’ was held to strengthen and assess the loopholes in the coastal security mechanism along Kerala shores.


 The Navy, Coastal Police and Marine Enforcement wing and various other security stakeholders were also participating in the exercise.




7. Giant Mosquito Measuring 11.15 cm Wingspan was Discovered in China


Scientists have discovered a giant mosquito with a wingspan of 11.15 centimeters in China’s Sichuan province.


 The mosquito belongs to the world’s largest mosquito species Holorusia Mikado.


 This species mosquito was first found in Japan and normally have a wingspan of about 8 centimeters.




8. World’s Smallest Land Fern found in the Western Ghats


Scientists have discovered the world’s smallest land fern named Malvi’s adder’s-tongue fern (Ophioglossum malviae) in Ahwa forests of the Western Ghats in Gujarat’s Dang district.


 Ferns are seasonal and mostly grow with first monsoon rains.




9. Fejervarya Goemchi: New frog species discovered in Goa


Scientists have identified a new species of frog called Fejervarya goemchi in the highland plateaus of the Western Ghats parts of Goa.


 It has been named after state of Goa where the species is discovered.


 It was identified using a combination of morphology, geographic distribution range and molecular methods to distinguish from other Fejervarya species found in South and South-East Asia.




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Sports Current Affairs | Read all the Major SportsAchievements in Popular Tournaments



S. No. Tournaments/Sports Names Winners Pictures
1. Monte Carlo Masters’ Winner (Tennis) Rafael Nadal  Rafael Nadal
2. 8th South Asian Judo Championship Winner India  8th-South-Asian-Judo-Championship-Winner
3. 2021 Champions Trophy (Cricket) to be held in India  2021-Champions-Trophy-(Cricket)
4. Professional Footballers’ Association (PFA) Player of The Year Mohamed Salah  Mohamed Salah







Awards and Honours | Fetch the List of Top AwardsAwardees in Distinct Fields



S. No. Awards Names Awardees Names Pictures
1. India’s first $100 billion IT company Tata Consultancy Services (TCS)  Tata Consultancy Services (TCS)
2. India’s first cashless island Manipur’s Karang  Manipur’s Karang
3. India’s best Gram Panchayat West Bengal’s Digambarpur Gram Panchayat  West Bengal’s Digambarpur Gram Panchayat
4. International SME Convention – 2018 was held in New Delhi  SME-Convention
5. Top 3 Recipient of Remittances in 2017 India  Top 3 recipient of remittances in 2017
6. 2018 UNESCO/Guillermo Cano World Press Freedom Prize Mahmoud Abu Zeid  Mahmoud-Abou-Zeid_Shawkan
7. India’s Rank in World Press Freedom Index 2018 138th  Wordpress Freedom Index
8. National Intellectual Property (IP) Award 2018 CSIR  CSIR-Logo
9. 2017 Saraswati Samman Gujarati Poet Sitanshu Yashaschandra  sitanshu-yashaschandra
10. 20th Rank of an Indian in ‘50 World’s Greatest Leaders of 2018’ List Indira Jaising  Indira jaising
11. Dadasaheb Phalke Excellence Awards 2018: Best actor (male) Shahid Kapoor  Shahid kapoor
12. Dadasaheb Phalke Excellence Awards 2018: Best actress (critics) Aditi Rao Hydari  Aditi Rao Hydari
13. Dadasaheb Phalke Excellence Awards 2018: Best Director Ashwiny Iyer Tiwari  Ashwiny-Iyer-Tiwari
14. India’s Most Attractive Employer Microsoft  India's-Most-Attractive-Employer
15. Most Trusted Internet Brand in India Google  Google





Appointments Latest GK Updates | Upgrade AppointmentsYour Knowledge Cart with the List of Top Influencers



S. No. Position & Organization Name Pictures
1. Paraguay’s president Mario Abdo Benitez  Mario Abdo Benitez
2. 1st woman lawyer to be Supreme Court judge Indu Malhotra  indu-malhotra
3. New US Secretary of State CIA Chief Mike Pompeo CIA-Chief-Mike-Pompeo
4. Who resigned as the President and whole-time director of IndiGo Aditya Ghosh  Aditya-Ghosh
5. Brand Ambassador for Haryana’s Health Programmes Shooter Gauri Sheoran  Shooter Gauri Sheoran
6. 1st woman firefighter of the Airport Authority of India (AAI) Taniya Sanyal  Taniya Sanyal





IDatesmportant Days & Dates | Mark them to Boost up your General Knowledge



S. No. Important Days Dates
1. Civil Service Day 21 April
2. World Earth Day 22 April
3. World Book and Copyright Day 23 April
4. National Panchayati Raj Day 24 April
5. World Malaria Day 25 April
6. World Intellectual Property Day 26 April





DeathRecent Deaths of Famous Personalities | Know who died today?



S. No. Names Pictures
1. Nabi Tajima – World’s oldest person  Nabi Tajima - World's oldest person
2. Amita Udgata – TV actor  Amita-Udgata-TV-actor



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List of Important Abbreviations asked in General Awareness | IBPS, SSC, RRB Exams



Fill up your knowledge cart with the Important Abbreviations that are asked in General Awareness & Current Affairs section of the competitive exams like – IBPSSSC & RRB. Below, we are presenting you a list of Top Abbreviations that were used in this article. Please check it out –



S. No. Important Abbreviations Full Forms
1. RGSA Rashtriya Gram Swaraj Abhiyan
2. PRI Panchayati Raj Institution
3. LoI Letters of Intent
4. AIM Atal Innovation Mission
5. TRIFED Tribal Cooperative Marketing Development Federation of India
6. MFP Minor Forest Produce
7. CHOGM Commonwealth Heads of Government Meeting
8. SCO Shanghai Cooperation Organization
9. NeSL National E-Governance Services Limited
10. IU information utility
11. IBC Insolvency and Bankruptcy Code
12. IOB Indian Overseas Bank
13. NPL National Physical Laboratory
14. DoT Department of Telecommunications
15. TSTSN Time Stamping and Time Synchronization network
16. TSC Time Synchronization Centers
17. IST Indian Standard Time
18. ISP Internet Service providers
19. LSA Licensed Service Areas
20. SME Small and medium-sized enterprises
21. CMGSY Chief Minister’s Gram Sadak Yojana
22. PHDCCI Ph.D. Chamber of Commerce and Industry
23. IYA Indian Yoga Association
24. NHB National Housing Bank
25. IS Indian Standard
26. BIS Bureau of Indian Standards
27. NSE National Stock Exchange
28. IISL India Index Services & Products Ltd
29. ECB External Commercial Borrowings
30. CSIR-IMMT CSIR-Institute of Minerals and Materials Technology
31. HSBC Hong Kong and Shanghai Banking Corporation
32. PFA Professional Footballers’ Association
33. IP Intellectual Property
34. AAI Airport Authority of India




To fetch the complete list of Important Abbreviations that are asked in Competitive Exam, please visit the blog – Popular Abbreviations for Competitive Exams: SSC, IBPS, RRB, Govt Jobs.






Above in the Weekly Current Affairs & GK Eduwrap, we have covered up all the major happenings of the country and the world to help you in boosting up your General Knowledge and Awareness.


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You may also like reading –


 Current Affairs & General Knowledge 15 to 21 April 2018 – GK Eduwrap

 General Knowledge Quiz & Current Affairs Ques 15 to 21 April 2018

 Current Affairs & GK Eduwrap of March 2018



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