GK Eduwrap – 22nd June 2015

National:

1. India has set two Guinness world records (GWR) in Rajpath yoga event held on the eve of first International Yoga Day led by Prime Minister Narendra Modi.

Two records are-

Largest number of participants- 35,985 people had participated in largest yoga demonstration at a single venue i.e. Rajpath yoga event.

Most number of nationalities at a single event– People of 84 nationalities performed yoga at one place.

The awards were received by Union AYUSH Minister Shripad Yesso Naik from representatives of Guinness World Records.

 

2. Haryana Government has launched a Village Mentoring Project (VMP) in a bid to improve healthcare and education of the villagers with a special emphasis on girl child.

The project was launched in Rajjipur village of Panchkula district of state in collaboration with Indian School of Business (ISB).

3. India and Tanzania have inked various agreements including for cooperation in the field of statistics, hydrography, agricultural science and tourism.

These agreements were signed in presence of Prime Minister Narendra Modi and his counter Tanzanian President Jakaya Mrisho Kikwete in New Delhi.

4. India was placed at 61st position in terms of foreigners’ money in Swiss banks. This was revealed by latest data released by Swiss National Bank (SNB), the central bank of Switzerland, in the fourth week of June 2015.

5. The book Beyond Doubt: A Dossier on Gandhi’s Assassination was compiled and introduced by Indian civil rights activist Teesta Setalvad and published by Tulika Books.

It is a collection of archival documents of the government and translation of works in Marathi, Guajarati and Hindi related to assassination of Mahatma Gandhi on 30 June 1948.

6. The book Benazir Bhutto: A Multidimensional Portrait was released on 26th May 2015. It was written by Dr Anna Suvorova of Russia.

The book is devoted to the life and work of former Pakistani Prime Minister Benazir Bhutto (1953-2007). She was the first female head of government in a Muslim state.

Death:

1. Former Indian women hockey team captain Shashi Bala passed away at the age of 45. Shashi was killed in a car accident along with her son in Kahma village of Punjab.

Sports:

1. World number two Roger Federer has won the Halle Open ATP title in Germany. In the final match he defeated Andreas Seppi of Italy by 7-6, 6-4 score. It was Federer’s eighth Halle Open ATP title after he had won in 2003, 2004, 2005, 2006, 2008, 2013 and 2014.

2. Mercedes driver Nico Rosberg from Germany has won the Austrian Grand Prix Formula One (F1) World Championship title.

3. China won the 2015 Nongfu Spring Snooker’s World by defeating Scotland 4-1 in the final match held at Wuxi near Shanghai in China.

International:

1. Taliban militants have captured Dasht-e-Archi district of Kunduz province in northern Afghanistan after heavy fighting with local security forces.

It is the second district captured by Taliban in the northern Kunduz province which borders Tajikistan. Earlier on 20th June 2015 the militants had captured Chardara district of this province.

 

2. A commemoration of the 200th anniversary of the Battle of Waterloo was held in Belgium. To mark this occasion several events were in Belgium and United Kingdom to remember the battle which led to defeat of French in June 1815.

3. Japan’s Softbank Corp is to team up with India’s Bharti Enterprises and Taiwan’s Foxconn to invest about $20 billion in solar projects in India as the country steps up efforts to boost the renewable energy sector.

Mergers & Acquisition:

1. The Indian Institute of Technology, Kharagpur, has inked a deal with defence PSU and metro car manufacturer BEML LtdBSE 1.01 % to collaborate in areas of bogie design, propulsion system controls and alternative car body material,

2. Discovery Networks Asia-Pacific (DNAP) today announced acquisition of sports channel Setanta Sports Asia which primarily broadcasts rugby matches.

 

 

Awards & Recognition:

1. One of the foremost south Indian classical vocalists, Sanjay Subrahmanyam has been selected for the ‘Sangita Kalanidhi’ award 2015.

About Sangita Kalanidhi award/title

It is a prestigious award bestowed annually upon an expert of Carnatic Music by the Madras Music Academy.

The award’s name has been derived from Sanskrit which means treasure of Music and art in English.

This honour is considered one of the highest awards in Carnatic music.

2. Astronomers have named a newly discovered galaxy as CR7 (COSMOS Redshift 7) after Portuguese footballer Cristiano Ronaldo. Ronaldo is famously known as CR7 after his initials and his jersey number.
3. Eminent Historian-writer Ramachandra Guha has been selected for Japan’s Fukuoka Prize 2015 in the Academic category.

4. Eminent scientist and Bharat Ratna awardee C.N.R. Rao was conferred with Japan’s highest civilian award the Order of the Rising Sun, Gold and Silver Star. He was presented with the award by Japanese Ambassador to India, Takeshi Yagi for his outstanding contributions to science and Indo-Japanese science cooperation.

5. Renowned carnatic vocalist Sanjay Subrahmanyam was on 21st June 2015 selected for the Sangitha Kalanidhi award of the Madras Music Academy.

Science & Technology:

1. As per recently published study in the journal Science Advances, humans are driving Earth to sixth mass extinction. The study was led by team of experts from Stanford University, Princeton University and the University of California, Berkeley of United states.

Key facts:

The analysis of study was based on documented extinctions of vertebrate species such as frogs, tigers, reptiles and from fossil records and other historical data.

Researchers had compared the modern rate of species loss to the natural rates of species disappearance before human activity was dominated.

As per natural rate of extinction, two species go extinct per 10,000 species in 100 years. However, modern rates of extinction are 8 to 100 times higher.

For example, 477 vertebrates have gone extinct since 1900, rather than 9 that would be expected at natural rates.

The average rate of vertebrate species loss in past 100 years is up to 114 times higher than it would had been without human activity.

Main causes for species loss includes climate change, pollution, deforestation, habitat loss, over-exploitation for economic gain etc.

As per International Union for Conservation of Nature (IUCN) around 41 percent of all amphibian species and 26 percent of mammals are threatened with extinction.

 

Important days:

1. The first International Yoga Day (IYD) was celebrated across the world on 21st June 2015.

2. Every year June 20 is observed as World Refugee Day to raise awareness of the situation of refugees throughout the world.

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