GK Eduwrap – Weekly – 4th April to 9th April 2016

GK Eduwrap Weekly 4th to 9th April 2016

Update your IQ with the GK Eduwrap Weekly Edition, loaded with GK updates & Current Affairs. Now confidently crack the IBPS, SSC’s Current Affairs Section!  

 

Click here to Download GK Eduwrap Weekly (4th April to 9th April 2016) in PDF Format

 

National – Across the India:

 

1. India has been ranked sixth among the world’s Top-Ten largest manufacturing countries in the United Nations Industrial Development Organization (UNIDO) 2015 Yearbook report.

 

UNIDO is a specialized agency in the United Nations and is member of the United Nations Development Group (UNDG). It is headquartered in Vienna, Austria.

In this edition of report India has jumped by three positions to sixth position compared to earlier ninth position in the previous report.

 

2. The Indian Institute of Sciences (IISc), Bangaluru was adjudged as the best Indian university in the first National Institutional Ranking Framework (NIRF).

 

NIRF Survey was the first of its kind of indigenous ranking framework for higher education institutions in the country.

It was launched by the Union Ministry of Human Resource Development in September 2015.

 

3. World’s first White Tiger Safari was inaugurated at Mukundpur in Satna district of Madhya Pradesh.

 

It was inaugurated and opened to public by Madhya Pradesh Chief Minister Shivraj Singh Chouhan.

The first of its kind safari is situated adjacent to the Mukundpur Zoological Park.

It is spread over an area of 25 hectares and has been built at cost of 50 crore rupees.

 

4. Bihar Government is going to ban all types of liquor (alcohol) throughout the state including Indian Made Foreign Liquor (IMFL).

 

It was decided by the state cabinet chaired by Chief Minister Nitish Kumar in Patna.

On 1st April 2016, state government had banned country made liquor in the state except IMFL.

Now foreign liquor (IMFL) will also be banned with immediate effect.

From now person found indulging in manufacturing trade, transportation, sale and consumption of liquor across the state will be punished under the stringent provisions of the Bihar Excise (Amendment) Act, 2016.

 

5. India’s First Semi-High Speed Train (SHST) Nizamuddin-Agra Gatimaan Express was flagged off between New Delhi and Agra.

 

It was flagged off by Union Railway Minister Suresh Prabhu from Nizamuddin Railway station in New Delhi and reached Agra on time in 100 minutes.

It is faster than Shatabdi Express which takes 117 minutes between two destinations.

The train runs at a speed of 160 kilometres per hour. For first time train hostesses will be present on board of the train.

 

6. Prime Minister Narendra Modi has launched the Stand-up India scheme aimed at providing credit to Scheduled Caste (SC), Scheduled Tribe (ST), and women borrowers in the non-farm sector.

 

The scheme is intended to promote entrepreneurship among SC/ST and women and further give a push to government’s financial inclusion programme.

Under the scheme, 1.25 lakh bank branches will provide loans up to 1 crore rupees to SC/ST and women entrepreneurs.

Thus it will help in creating 2.5 lakh entrepreneurs throughout the country.

 

7. The Union Ministry of Home Affairs (MHA) has constituted high-level committee to suggest ways to tighten security along India-Pakistan border.

 

The committee will be headed by former Union Home Secretary Madhukar Gupta.

It will suggest ways to strengthen the security along the India-Pakistan Border and address the issue of gaps and vulnerability in border fencing.

 

8. Union Agriculture and Farmers Welfare Minister Radha Mohan Singhlaid the foundation stone of Haryana State University of Horticultural Sciences at Karnal.

 

It is the first Horticulture University in the state that will cater the needs to support the gap between research, teaching and extension activities in the state.

It will also act as a skill development centre in order to cater the larger demand for skilled (trained) manpower in the production, post-harvest and processing industries.

 

9. Odisha Government has launched Adarsh Vidyalaya (AV) project to provide modern schools facilities on the lines of Kendriya Vidyalayas in the underdeveloped rural areas of the state.

 

It was launched by Odisha Chief Minister Naveen Patnaik at Sasan Ambagaon village in his home constituency Hinjli in Ganjam district.

Odisha Government has launched Adarsh Vidyalaya (AV) project to provide modern schools facilities on the lines of Kendriya Vidyalayas in the underdeveloped rural areas of the state.

It was launched by Odisha Chief Minister Naveen Patnaik at Sasan Ambagaon village in his home constituency Hinjli in Ganjam district.

 

10. The third phase of Union Health Ministry’s universal vaccination programme Mission Indradhanush began on 7 April, 2016.

 

It will cover 216 Districts across several States including Bihar, Gujarat, Assam, Madhya Pradesh, Maharashtra and Uttar Pradesh.

Mission Indradhanush depicts 7 colours of the rainbow which aims to cover all those children by 2020 who are either unvaccinated, or are partially vaccinated against 7 vaccine preventable diseases.

The diseases include diphtheria, whooping cough, tetanus, polio, tuberculosis, measles and hepatitis B.

 

11. The East Coast Railway (ECoR) Zone headquartered in Bhubaneswar (Odisha) has emerged as largest Freight Loading Railway Zone the country in year 2015-16 in terms of revenue loading performance.

 

During 2015-16, the ECoR loaded 173.49 million tonnes of freight as compared to 161.91 during the 2014-15, registering a 7.1 per cent growth.

The ECoR zone is one of the sixteen railway zones of Indian Railways that came into existence on 1 April 2003.

 

12. The first-ever North East-ASEAN (Association of Southeast Asian Nations) Business Summit kicked off in Imphal, Manipur with the focus on road connectivity, trade and tourism.

 

The two day summit has been organized by Manipur Commerce and Industries Department (MCID) in collaboration with the Union Ministries of External Affairs and Development of North-Eastern Region (DoNER), Indian Chamber of Commerce (ICC) and Indian Chamber of Service Industries (ICSI).

The Summit aims at attracting investment from both domestic and foreign firms to the North-Eastern states to increase productivity and generate employment in the region.

 

International – Across the Globe:

 

1. The world’s first public dengue vaccination programme was launched in the Philippines with a French drug Dengvaxia (world’s 1st dengue fever vaccine) to combat mosquito-borne disease.

 

Several hundred children aged between 9 and 10 were vaccinated with the injections in front of government health workers at a public school in eastern Manila.

Mexico was first country in the world to approve first-ever Dengvaxia Dengue fever vaccine for the public use and Philippines was the first county in Asia to allow it.

 

2. A bronze bust of ancient Indian mathematician and astronomer Aryabhatta was unveiled at the UNESCO Headquarters in Paris, France.

 

It was unveiled by Union Human Resource and Development Minister Smriti Irani.

She was in the French capital to attend the International Conference on Zero.

The bust has been sculpted by renowned Indian sculptor Ram Sutar who was awarded the Padma Bhushan, India’s third highest civilian awards for his contribution to the world of art.

 

3. A statue of Maharaja Ranjit Singh will be installed in France’s Saint-Tropez town on 17 September 2016.

 

The town is the birth place of Maharaja’s Army General Jean-Francois Allard.

Maharaja Ranjit Singh was the founder of the Sikh Empire, which came to power in the Indian subcontinent in the early half of the 19th century.

In September 2016, the Indian embassy in France will hold also an exhibition on the life of the king.

4. Saudi Arabia and Egypt agreed to build a bridge over the Red Sea. The announced bridge will connect the two countries.

 

The planned bridge would help in boosting commerce between the two allied countries.

It will also connect the two continents, Africa and Asia, and result in increasing trade between the two continents to unprecedented levels.

 

Sports:

 

1. Cyprian Kotut (23) from Kenya has won the 40th edition of the 2016 Paris marathon held on 3 April 2016 in the men’s category.

 

He finished the 35km race in an official time of 2hr 07min 10sec.

The women’s title was won by Visiline Jepkesho (Kenya).

She completed the race in 2hr 25 min 52sec ahead  of  Ethiopian  pair  Gulume  Chala (2nd position)  and Dinknesh  Tefera (3rd position).

 

2. Mercedes driver Nico Rosberg from Germany has won the 2016 Gulf Air Formula One Bahrain Grand Prix held at Bahrain International Circuit in Manama.

 

Bahrain Grand Prix title race was the second race of the 2016 season of Formula One in which total 11 teams had participated.

It was Roseburg’s overall sixteenth championship title of F1 in his career and the second win in the 2016.

 

3. Novak Djokovic, World Number One tennis player from Serbia has won the 2016 Miami Open Title in the men’s singles category, Kei Nishikori (Japan) by 6-3, 6-3 score.

 

It was his third consecutive and overall sixth ATP Miami Open title, equaling Andre Agassi’s Miami record total.

It was also his record 28th career ATP Masters title.

 

4. West Indies has won the ICC Cricket World Men’s T-20 Cup 2016 by defeating England by 4 wickets in the final match played at Eden Gardens, Kolkata.

 

In the final match, England batting first had scored 155 runs for 9 wickets.

West Indies successfully chased the target by scoring 161 runs in 19.4 over at the loss of 4 wickets.

With this win, West Indies became the only team to win the ICC World Twenty20 title twice.

Earlier it had won its first title in 2012 by defeating Sri Lanka.

 

5. Indian men have won the 2016 Asian Nations Cup Chess tournament by defeating Vietnam in the final round by 3-1 score played in Abu Dhabi.

 

With this win India gained 17 points, two more than World and Olympiad champions China.

India drew Mongolia and beat the rest of the teams in a 22-team tournament.

It was overall third time, Indian men won the event earlier they had won at Esfahan, Iran in 2005 and Kolkata 2009.

 

Awards & Recognition:

 

1. Prime Minister Narendra Modi was conferred Saudi Arabia’s highest civilian honour- the King Abdulaziz Sash. The prestigious award was bestowed upon Indian Prime Minister by incumbent Saudi Arabia’s King Salman bin Abdulaziz at the Royal Court.

 

It has been named after Abdulaziz Al Saud, the founder of the modern Saudi state.

It is bestowed upon citizens of Saudi Arabia and foreigners for meritorious service to the Saudi Kingdom. King himself makes awards to foreigners.

 

2. Vishwanathan Anand, five-time world chess champion will be honoured with the Hridaynath Mangeshkar Award.

 

The award felicitates and recognises successful individuals across the country from various walks of life.

Maharashtra State Governor C Vidyasagar Rao will bestow award upon him at an event to be held in Mumbai on April 12, 2016.

He is an Indian chess grandmaster and a former world champion.

He became India’s first grandmaster in 1988.

 

3. Mother Teresa was posthumously conferred with the UK’s prestigious Founders Award 2016.

The award is given to recognize and reward exemplary achievements of people within the global Asian community.

Teresa’s only living relative, her 72-year old niece, Agi Bojazhiu received the award on 8 April 2016.

Teresa, who will be made a saint on 4 September 2016, founded the Missionaries of Charity and spent 45 years serving needy people. She passed away at the age of 87 in Kolkata in 1997.

 

Appointments & Resignations:

 

1. Tran Dai Quang has sworn in as the ninth President of Vietnam after he was elected by country’s National Assembly.

 

He succeeds Truong Tan Sang and shall have term of five years.

He also served as Minister of Public Security of the country from 2011 to 2016.

 

2. Mehbooba Mufti Sayeed took oath as the first woman Chief Minister of Jammu and Kashmir, bringing to an end the three-month Governor’s Rule in the state.

 

She was administered oath to the office by Governor NN Vohra at Raj Bhawan in the winter capital city of Jammu.

She succeeds her father Mufti Mohammad Sayeed in the role who had died in January 2016.

She is also second Muslim woman to become the Chief Minister of a state in India after Syeda Anwara Taimur who had served as the first Muslim woman CM of Assam from 1980 to 1981.

 

3. Iceland ruling coalition Government has named Sigurdur Ingi Johannsson as the new Prime Minister after igmundur Gunnlaugsson had stepped down.

 

Prior to this, he was Agriculture and Fisheries Minister (since 2013) and deputy leader of the Progressive Party of the Ireland.

Earlier from May 2013 to December 2014 he also had served as Minister for the Environment and Natural Resources.

 

4. Hashim Thaci has sworn in as the President of Kosovo after he was elected by the parliament in March 2016.

 

He succeeds Atifete Jahjaga.

He becomes fourth President of Kosovo after the European country had unilaterally declared independence from Serbia in 2008.

He also served as Deputy Prime Minister and Foreign Minister in the Government led by Isa Mustafa.

 

5. The National Association of Software and Services Companies (NASSCOM) has appointed CP Gurnani as its Chairman for 2016-17 and Raman Roy as vice chairman for the period.

 

Currently, Gurnani is Managing Director (MD) and Chief Executive Officer (CEO) of Tech Mahindra.

He is a chemical engineer from the National Institute of Technology, Rourkela.

 

6. Justice (retd) Permod Kohli appointed as the Chairman of Central Administrative Tribunal (CAT).

 

Kohli succeeded Justice Syed Rafat Alam and will be in the office for a period of 5 years or till attaining the age of 68 years, whichever is earlier.

He became Advocate General of Jammu & Kashmir in December 1990.

He is an expert in Constitutional, Civil and Taxation cases.

 

Economics & Banking GK:

 

1. DCB Bank has launched an India’s first of its kind Aadhaar-based Automatic Teller Machine (ATM) usage facility.

 

At present, this ATM has been placed in pilot site at DCB Bank at Peninsula Business Park, Lower Parel (Mumbai).

Under this facility, DCB customers can transact using his biometric details instead of the PIN. Thus it is a card less and PIN less ATM.

 

2. The Reserve Bank of India (RBI) has cut down repo rate by 25 basis points to 6.5 per cent from 6.75 per cent, with immediate effect.

 

Repo Rate is the rate at which RBI lends to the financial system. It was announced in the first bi-monthly monetary policy review of the RBI for the 2016-17 fiscal.

RBI has reduced the policy repo rate under the liquidity adjustment facility (LAF) by 25 basis points from 6.75 per cent to 6.5 per cent.

The RBI also introduced number of measures to smoothen liquidity supply so that banks can lend to the productive sectors.

 

Bills – New & Amendments:

 

 

1. French lawmakers on 6 April 2016 passed a bill that makes it illegal to pay for sex and imposes fines of up to 3750 Euro (4270 dollar) on sex workers’ clients.

The bill was passed by 64 votes to 12 but many French MPs chose to abstain from the vote.

 

Features of the bill

People who pay for sex can be fined 1500 Euro (1700 dollar) for a first offence, rising to 3750 Euro (4270 dollar) thereafter.

A second offence would also be put on a criminal record and offenders would need to attend classes highlighting the danger of prostitution.

It reverses the legislation passed by Nicolas Sarkozy’s administration in 2003 that placed the legal burden on sex workers, rather than those seeking to buy.

It also requires offenders to take a course to learn about the conditions faced by sex workers.

The bill also calls for measures to help sex workers find other jobs.

 

Memorandum of Understanding (MoU):

 

1. India and Saudi Arabia have singed five agreements to boost the bilateral cooperation between the two nations.

 

The agreements were signed during the two day official visit of Prime Minister Narendra Modi to Saudi Arabia in Riyadh.

These five agreements are:

Agreement on Labour Co-operation

Technical Cooperation Program

Executive Program for Cooperation in the Field of Handicrafts

MoU in the Exchange of Intelligence related to Money Laundering, Terrorism Financing and Related Crimes

Framework for Investment Promotion Cooperation

 

2. The Union Cabinet has given its ex-post facto approval to Memorandum of Understanding (MoU) between India and Sweden on Technical Cooperation in the Railway Sector.

 

It was signed between both countries on 15th February, 2016.

These MoUs provide a platform for Indian Railways to interact and share the latest developments and knowledge in the railway sector.

 

3. Twenty-five Ministries and Departments of the Union Government on 31 March 2016 signed a Memorandum of Understanding (MoU) on IMPacting Research INnovation and Technology (IMPRINT) initiative.

 

The MoU is aimed at avoiding duplication of efforts of various Ministries and Departments under the IMPRINT initiative.

It is multi-disciplinary, multi-partner and multi-goal oriented national programme aimed at technology development covering all engineering disciplines, steered by all IITs and IISc.

 

Science & Technology:

 

1. Indian scientists have developed an eco-friendly biopolymer using nanotechnology for water-softening and water purification applications.

 

It was developed by the team of scientists from Guwahati (Assam) based Institute of Advance Study in Science & Technology (IASST).

This eco-friendly biodegradable biopolymer can be used in civic water treatment plants for generating potable water.

It will help reducing dependency on conventional water-softening techniques that uses synthetic resins as they do not have very effective water-softening methods and produced very crude treated water.

 

2. Scientists have discovered a rare triple-star system named KELT-4Ab with a gas giant planet similar in size to Jupiter.

 

It was discovered by the researchers at the Harvard-Smithsonian Centre for Astrophysics in the United States.

The research was published in The Astronomical Journal.

In KELT-4Ab triple-star system, the main star named KELT-A is brighter than the other stars that serve as suns for their planets.

 

3. Public Sector Power equipment manufacturer Bharat Heavy Electricals Limited (BHEL) has commissioned a seasonwise tiltable canal top solar PV plant at Bhimavaram, Andhra Pradesh.

 

It is the first canal top project in Andhra Pradesh and also of its kind project to be executed by BHEL.

The project has been developed by New and Renewable Energy Development Corporation of Andhra Pradesh Ltd (NREDCAP).

 

4. Researchers have developed the world’s smallest nanoscale diode or molecular rectifier that could impact the development of molecular electronic devices in future.

 

The breakthrough was achieved by the researchers from the University of Georgia and Ben-Gurion University of the Negev (BGU).

It has size of single molecule and facilitates electronic current flow in one direction.

 

5. The astronomers at National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA) discovered a supermassive Black Hole which weighs about 17 billion times the mass of Sun.

 

It was discovered in the center of a galaxy in a sparsely populated area of the universe and it may indicate that these monster objects may be more common than once thought.

The newly discovered supersized black hole resides in the center of a massive elliptical galaxy, NGC 1600, located in a cosmic backwater, a small grouping of 20 or so galaxies.

 

6. Private SpaceX Falcon 9 rocket contracted by NASA has successfully launched the first inflatable habitat room that will attach to the International Space Station (ISS).

Key facts

The inflatable room has been named as Bigelow Expandable Actitvity Module (BEAM) and has been built by Nevada Company Bigelow Aerospace.

It will be attached to the ISS for a two-year test and is the first such habitat to hold humans in orbit.

It is made up of aluminum and soft fabric. It expands in space and is light weight and also takes minimal space. It creates place for astronauts to live and work.

Its test is intended to pave the way towards the use of such rooms for long space trips, including to Mars and this technology could also help to create homes on Mars.

 

Important Dates:

 

1. Every year World Health Day (WHD) is being observed on 7 April to disseminate knowledge and awareness about human health.

 

The day focuses on increasing life expectancy by adding good health to the lives of people and promoting healthier living habits across the globe.

2016 theme for the day is “Beat Diabetes”.

 

2. Every year World Health Day (WHD) is being observed on 7 April to disseminate knowledge and awareness about human health.

 

The day focuses on increasing life expectancy by adding good health to the lives of people and promoting healthier living habits across the globe.

2016 theme for the day is “Beat Diabetes”.

Death:

 

1. Cesare Maldini, former AC Milan FC defender and Italy coach passed away. He was 84.

 

He was known for commanding and respected defender with good technique and passing range.

He was also known for his leadership, consistency, and tactical versatility, as well as his discipline and class, both on and off the pitch.

 

2. Gato Barbieri, renowned Latin jazz saxophonist Leandro passed away in New York, US due to pneumonia. He was 83.

 

He had won a Grammy Award for best instrumental composition for his music for Last Tango In Paris in 1973.

He had also won a Latin Grammy lifetime achievement award for his career in 2015.

 

3. Myneni Hari Prasad Rao, former Project Director of Madras Atomic Power Station (MAPS) passed away due to old age ailments. He was 88.

 

He was considered the Father or Architect of the MAPS and had served its first project director.

He also served as the Executive Director of the Nuclear Power Board of DAE, Mumbai and as a member of Western, Southern and Northern Indian Regional electricity boards for many years.

He was awarded with Padma Shri (1984), Sanjay Gandhi Award for contribution in Science and Technology (1983).

 

4. Veteran journalist and author Yogendra Bali passed away in New Delhi after a brief illness. He was 86.

 

Click here to Download GK Eduwrap Weekly (4th April to 9th April 2016) in PDF Format

 

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