Current Affairs Last Week – GK Eduwrap – 6 Jun 2016 to 11 Jun 2016

GK Eduwrap weekly 6th june to 11th june


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National – Across the India:


1. PM Modi has drawn up 25-point Swachh roadmap


Under this roadmap PM Modi has suggested 25 actionable points for promoting his flagship Swachh Bharat scheme.

Given below are some important points among all the 25 points:

Build more urinals in urban areas.

Prepare a bank of quotes of famous people.

Their views on sanitation and focus more on composting of urban waste.


India ranked 2nd in GRDI

2. India has been ranked second position as per 2016 Global Retail Development Index (GRDI).


A London-based business consultancy A T Kearney released the report.

India has jumped 13 positions from last year (2015) to rank second among 30 developing countries on ease of doing business.

The GRD Index analyses 25 retail-specific and macroeconomic variables to help retailers devise successful global strategies to identify emerging market investment opportunities.



3. Himachal Pradesh became the first state in the country to have a State Data Centre (SDC), designed using green data centre concept.


It was launched by Chief Minister Virbhadra Singh in Shimla.

It will offer 101 people-oriented services online through an integrated data base.


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4. The Gujarat government has announced its first ever IT and Electronics Start-up Policy.

The policy will be applicable only to IT and electronics related start-ups.

It focuses on encouraging new ventures by providing them various incentives and subsidies.


5. The Delhi government has approved the first Solar Policy.


The motive of the policy is to make the Capital an environment-friendly solar city.

Government of Delhi has prepared the policy in consultation with the Dialogue and Development Commission (DDC) after extensive consultations with local and international experts.


Gangtic Dolphin

6. Guwahati (Assam) became the first city in the country to have “Sihu” as its own city animal.


Gangetic River Dolphin locally in Guwahati is known as ‘Sihu’ and it is on the verge of extinction.

This comes after Kamrup metropolitan district administration declared Gangetic River dolphin as its official mascot.


Indian Reserve Batallion


7. Union Home Ministry has decided to form new reserve battalion will be raised.


It will be named after Maharana Pratap and will be called Maharana India Reserve Battalion.

Union Home Minister Rajnath Singh announced the decision on the occasion of 475th birth anniversary of Maharana Pratap in Gogunda in Udaipur district.



8. India become the third largest oil consumer in the world.India becomes the largest oil consumer


The data was released by BP Statistical Review of World Energy.

According to review India has surpassed Japan to become the world’s third-largest oil consumer.

At present, with demand of 4.1 million barrels a day (bpd), India is the third-largest consumer behind the United States (19.39 million bpd) and China (11.96 million bpd).



9. Nitin Gadkari, Union Minister of Road Transport and Highways launched the report titled Road Accidents in India 2015.

As per the report, road accidents have emerged as a major public health problem in India where almost 5 lakh accidents occurred last year killing 146000 people.

The report was compiled by the Transport Research Wing.


10. The Union Information and Broadcasting ministry has framed a New Print Media Advertisement Policy.


The policy is will help for Directorate of Advertising and Visual Publicity (DAVP).

The objective of the policy is to promote transparency and accountability in issuing of advertisements in print media.

DAVP is the nodal agency of the Union Government for advertising on behalf of various Ministries and Departments which are funded by the government.


Internet Sathi

11. The Indian unit of search giant Google Inc and Tata Trusts have jointly launched ‘Internet Saathi’ program in Purulia district of West Bengal.


The program has been launched as a part of Google’s ‘Helping Women Get Online’ campaign.

The aim is to create awareness about the benefits of Internet among women in rural India.


12. Union Railways Ministry has flagged off Champaran Satyagrah Express train at a function in Motihari, Bihar.


The train was flagged off by Union Railway Minister Suresh Prabhu.

This train will run between Bapudham, Motihari to Anand Vihar, Delhi.

The train has been introduced to mark 100 years of the historic Champaran Satyagraha (movement) launched by Mahatma Gandhi in 1917.


International – Across the Globe:


1. Prime Minister Narendra Modi and Afghanistan President Ashraf Ghani jointly inaugurated the Afghan-India Friendship Dam in Herat province in Western Afghanistan.


PM awarded The dam was inaugurated during PM Narendra Modi’s first stop to Afghanistan as part of his five- nation tour which will also take him to Qatar, Switzerland, US and Mexico.

The Dam was earlier known as Salma Dam.

It is built on the river Chist-e-Sharif in western Herat neighbouring Iran and is earth and rock fill dam.

It is a multipurpose project built to generate 42 MW of power, irrigate 75000 hectares of land, water supply and other benefits to the people of Afghanistan.


2. India has become the co-chair of Working Group on Maritime Situational Awareness (WG-MSA).


It was decided under Contact Group on Piracy off the Coast of Somalia (CGPCS).

For this, decision was taken through a consensus during the 19th Plenary Session of the CGPCS held in Mahe, Seychelles from 31st May to 3th June 2016.

CGPCS is an international governance mechanism established in 2009 to facilitate the discussion and coordination of actions among states and organizations to suppress maritime piracy near Somali.


3. India has managed to win crucial support from Switzerland for Nuclear Suppliers Group (NSG) membership.


Swiss President Johann Schneider-Ammann has announced his country’s support for India’s membership to the elite NSG.

NSG is a multinational body concerned with reducing nuclear proliferation by controlling the export and re-transfer of materials that may be used for development of nuclear weapons.

 WHO Report

4. The World Health Organization (WHO) has announced that Thailand has become the first Asian country to eliminate mother-to-child HIV transmission.


Thailand’s Minister of Health was presented with the certificate of validation during a ceremony.

This took place on the eve of the United Nations General Assembly (UNGA) High-Level Meeting on Ending AIDS in New York.


5. Prime Minister Narendra Modi addressed the joint session of the US Congress on 8 June 2016.


Earlier PM Modi was invited to speak at the joint session by House of Representatives Speaker Paul Ryan.

He addressed the congress during his second official bilateral visit to the US after his trip in September, 2014.

With this PM Narendra Modi became the fifth Indian Prime Minister to address a joint meeting of Congress.


6. The United States has recognized India as a major defence partner.


It will pave way to bring it closest US allies for defence related trade and technology transfer.

It was announced in the joint statement issued after Prime Minister Narendra Modi held talks with US President Barack Obama in Washington.

Under this tie US will work towards facilitating defence related trade and technology sharing with India to a level commensurate with that of its closest allies and partners.


7. Pakistan has topped in the list of 19 countries figuring in the 2016 Malware Infection Index (MII) in the Asia-Pacific region. 2016 Malware Infection Index (MII)


It was released by Asia-Pacific region was released by technology giant Microsoft in which India was placed at 8th position.

The index identifies the key malware threats in the Asia-Pacific region and ranks markets in Asia-Pacific according to how much they are affected.

Top 10 Countries are Pakistan (1st), Indonesia (2nd), Bangladesh (3rd), Nepal (4th), Vietnam (5th), Philippines (6th), Cambodia (7th), India (8th), Sri Lanka (9th) and Thailand (10th).


8. India has joined a group of nearly 40 countries that have signed a Europe-led clampdown on tax evasion and corruption.


Under this group countries are committed to automatically exchange information on beneficial ownership between law enforcement agencies and tax authorities of partner countries.

This initiative aims to develop a global standard for the automatic exchange of beneficial ownership data


9. The Global Peace Index (GPI) has been released by global think Institute for Economics and Peace (IEP).


Global Peace Index (GPI)

India was ranked 141 for year 2016 out of 163 countries, making it less peaceful country.

India has moved up two positions from 143rd rank in 2015 GPI.

Top 10 peaceful countries are Iceland (1st), Denmark (2nd), Austria (3rd), New Zealand (4th), Portugal (5th), Czech Republic (6th), Switzerland (7th), Canada (8th), Japan (9th) and Slovenia (10th).

Top least peaceful countries are Pakistan (153rd), Libya (154th), Sudan (155th), Ukraine (156th), Central African Republic (157th), Yemen (158th), Somalia (159th), Afghanistan (160th), Iraq (161st), South Sudan (162nd) and Syria (163rd).

GPI is an annual report published by the Sydney (Australia) based Institute for Economics and Peace (IEP) since 2007.


10. NATO launches Joint Military Exercise “Anaconda-16”.


The North Atlantic Treaty Organisation (NATO) launches it in Poland.

It is a part of NATO’s exercise program.

Malabar Exercise


11. India, Japan and United States (US) navies have kicked off 2016 MALABAR trilateral naval Exercise near South China Sea.


This year it is the 20th edition of the naval exercise in which over 100 aircraft and 22 naval ships including a nuclear submarine are participating.

Aim of exercise is to increase interoperability amongst the three navies and develop common understanding of procedures for Maritime Security Operations.





1. World Number One tennis player Novak Djokovic from Serbia has won the 2016 French Open title in the men’s singles category.


He defeated Britain’s Andy Murray by 3-6, 6-1, 6-2, 6-4 score.

It is his first French Open title and completed the career Grand Slam.


2. South Asian Games gold medalist Indian judoka Avtar Singh has qualified for the 2016 Rio Olympic Games.

The game is scheduled to be held in August 2016 in Rio de Janeiro, Brazil.

He has qualified under 90kg weight category under the continental quota.

His current world Ranking is 79 with 182 points.


3. Lucknow (Uttar Pradesh) is going to host the 2016 Junior Men’s hockey World Cup.


International Hockey Federation (FIH) made the announcement.

The junior hockey World Cup would be held from 8th to 18th December 2016.

They include defending champions Germany, Australia, Argentina, Belgium, Austria, Canada, Egypt, India, England, Japan, Korea, South Africa, Netherlands, New Zealand, Pakistan and Spain.

Maria Sharapova


4. The International Tennis Federation (ITF) has banned former Russian World No. 1 tennis player Maria Sharapova for two years over doping charges.


The ban was imposed on her Independent Tribunal of ITF appointed under Tennis Anti-Doping Programme found that she had committed an Anti-Doping Rule Violation.

It will commence on 26 January 2016.


 Cristiano Ronaldo

5.  Cristiano Ronaldo tops Forbes 2016 list of World’s Highest Paid Athlete.


He is the first athlete to get this recognition.

The earning of Ronaldo has marked as 88 million US Dollars.



Awards & Recognition:


1. Prime Minister Narendra Modi was conferred with Amir Amanullah Khan Award.


It is the highest civilian honour of Afghanistan.

The award was bestowed upon him at the inaugural function of the Afghan-India Friendship Dam (Salma Dam) by Afghan President Ashraf Ghani.

The award is named after Afghan national hero Amanullah Khan who championed the cause of Afghanistan’s freedom.


2. UN Secretary-General Ban Ki-moon, has been honoured by Russia with Order of FBan-Ki-Moonriendship Award.


He was awarded for his special merits in strengthening peace, friendship, cooperation and mutual understanding between peoples.

It is awarded to Russian citizens and foreign nationals for their outstanding work, deeds and efforts for betterment of relations with the Russian Federation and its people.


3. Lord Kumar Bhattacharyya, an eminent Indian-origin professor has been awarded the prestigious Regius Professorship in Manufacturing by Queen Elizabeth II.


Bhattacharyya who is founder of Warwick Manufacturing Group (WMG)

He has been awarded the Regius Professorship for his outstanding contribution in manufacturing.

The Regius professor is a university professor with royal appointment or patronage. It was founded by the Scottish King James IV at Aberdeen University in 1497 and was first presented in the field of medicine.

  Mr. Akhil Sharma

4. Akhil Sharma, an Indian American author has won the prestigious 2016 International Dublin Literary Award.


He received the award for his novel ‘family life‘.

The Award is organized and sponsored by Dublin City Council and at €100,000 is the world’s largest prize for a single novel published in English.


5. Tata Power Solar has bagged the Ministry of New and Renewable Energy (MNRE) award.


The award was given for rooftop solar power projects.

The company has won the award in the Channel Partner/EPC contractor category at the National Excellence Awards 2016 instituted by MNRE for the first time.


Appointments & Resignations:

V. Narayan Swamy

1. Congress Party leader V Narayanasamy was sworn in as Chief Minister of the Union Territory of Puducherry.


He was administered the oath of office and secrecy by Lt. Governor Kiran Bedi.

The oath took place at a function held at the historic Gandhi Thidal in Beach Road.



2. Bollywood actress Dia Mirza was named as the ambassador for Swachh Saathi (student internship) programme.


The reason behind her selection is that she is an active campaigner and a youth icon for Swachh Bharat (Clean India) Mission to make country clean.

Swachh Saathi programme is a youth-based programme of Swachh Bharat Mission.



3. Major General Per Lodin from Sweden was appointed as chief military observer and head of the UN Military Observer Group in India and Pakistan (UNMOGIP).Major General Per Lodin


His appointment was approved by United Nations Secretary-General Ban Ki-moon.

He will succeed Major General Delali Johnson Sakyi of Ghana whose two-year term completes on July 2, 2016.

UNMOGIP observes and reports on ceasefire violations along and across the Line of Control (LoC) between the nuclear-armed India and Pakistan in Jammu and Kashmir.


4. Narendra Kumar Yadav, Chairman and Managing Director of Mahanagar Telephone Nigam Limited (MTNL) has resigned.


Now Director (finance) P K Purwar has been given additional charge of the CMD’s post.


Economics & Banking GK:


1. The Reserve Bank of India (RBI) in its second bi-monthly monetary policy review for year 2016-17 has maintained status quo in key policy interest rate.RBI Monetary policy


The policy rates were decided as follows:

Policy Repo Rate                                                   6.50%

Reverse Repo Rate                                              6.00%

Marginal Standing Facility Rate (MSF)             7.00%

Bank Rate                                                              7.00%



2. The World Bank released a report economic prospects


In this report the global growth forecast was decreased to 2.4% in 2016 and at 2.8% in 2017.

This happened mainly because of a slower than expected recovery in advanced economies and due to mediocre growth experienced by advanced economies, while low commodity prices, weak global trade and stilted capital flows also impacted.

According to the report, India will remain one of the fastest growing major economies, ahead of China, for the next three years.


3. The multilateral lending agency Asian Development Bank (ADB) has approved 100 million dollars loan.


The loan is approved to strengthen a key irrigation system and improve water management in the Vennar sub-basin of Cauvery Delta in Tamil Nadu.

The loan supports both physical improvements and stronger water management to give significant boost to the lives of coastal communities who do not have sufficient irrigation water.


4. Axis Bank has launched India’s first internationally-listed certified green bond.Axis Bank


The aim is to finance climate change solutions around the world at London Stock Exchange (LSE).

The proceeds of the bond will be invested by Axis Bank in green energy, transportation and infrastructure projects.

Green Bonds, basically are debt instruments which help issuer to get capital while the investors receive fixed income in the form of interest.

 State Bank of India (SBI)

5. State Bank of India (SBI) and Spain’s CaixaBank have inked pact to provide loans to Indo-Spanish joint ventures and local enterprises.


Under this agreement, they will expand banks’ guarantee transaction businesses.

They will jointly provide credit to Indian-Spanish joint ventures and Indian local enterprises.


6. IMF Releases 1.5 billion dollars to Sri Lanka.


International Monetary Fund (IMF) approved the loan to support the South Asian Island’s nation’s economic forum agenda.


Bills – New & Amendments:


1. The Election Commission (EC) has urged the Union Government to amend the electoral law Representation of the People Act (RPA), 1951.


The reason behind this amendment is empower it to either postpone or countermand elections if evidence emerges of use of money to influence voters.

EC has asked Union Government to insert a new clause ‘58 B’ in the RPA, 1951 to allow adjournment or countermanding (declaring invalid) of election on the grounds of use of money power (bribery) in the affected polling areas.


Memorandum of Understanding (MoU):


1. India and Qatar have signed seven bilateral agreements in various fields to boost bilateral ties.


These agreements were signed in presence of Prime Minister Narendra Modi and Qatar Emir Tamim Bin Hamad Al Thani in Doha.

The agreements are as follows:

MoU for investment in National investment & infrastructure fund.

MoU on cooperation in tourism.

Agreement on cooperation and mutual assistance in custom matters.

MoU on Finance Intelligence Unit-India (FIU-IND) and Qatar Financial Information Unit (QFIU).

MoU in the field of youth and sports.

MoU on cooperation in skill development & recognition of qualifications.

MoU on cooperation in the field of health.


2. India and United States (US) signed a memorandum of understanding (MoU) to facilitIndia and USate hassle-free entry of Indians into America at selected airports.


The hassle-free entry will provide speedy security clearances for pre-approved, low-risk travellers from the country.

The MoU was signed as part of US’s International Expedited Traveller Initiative (also known as the Global Entry Programme).


3. India has signed loan agreement of US 12 crore dollars with the Asian Development Bank (ADB).


The aim is to improve irrigation and water management infrastructure in Odisha.

The soft loan is the second tranche of a 157.5 million dollars financing facility under the Orissa Integrated Irrigated Agriculture and Water Management Investment Program.


4. India and the United States (US) have signed six agreements to enhance bilateral cooperation in various fields.


India and the United States These agreements were signed in between the bilateral talks between Prime Minster Narendra Modi and US President Barack Obama in Washington.

Singed Agreements are as follows:

Arrangement for the exchange of Terrorist Screening Information

MoU on Energy Security, Clean Energy and Climate Change

MoU on Wildlife Conservation and Combating Wildlife Trafficking

MoU for the Global Entry Programme

Technical Arrangement concerning Unclassified Maritime Information Sharing

Information Exchange Annex (IEA) concerning Aircraft Carrier Technologies

MoU for Cooperation in Gas Hydrates

Logistics Exchange Memorandum of Agreement


National Investment and Infrastructure Fund (NIIF)

5. The National Investment and Infrastructure Fund (NIIF) has signed a MoU with Qatar Investment Authority (QIA).


The MoU was signed for facilitating investment in India’s infrastructure.

Objective of MoU is to facilitate QIA to study investment opportunities in India’s infrastructure sector in order to enable both sides to decide on joint investments.



Science & Technology:


1. The world’s first 3D-printed aircraft THOR was unveiled by European aerospace company, Airbus at the International Aerospace Exhibition held in Schoenefeld, Germany.


The THOR is short for Test of High-tech Objectives in Reality.

It resembles a large, white model airplane but is windowless.


2. Rajasthan Government has launched mobile application RajVayu.RajVayu


This app will share information about air quality index of Jaipur, Udaipur and Jodhpur.

Rajasthan Chief Minister Vasundhara Raje launched this app on the eve of World Environment Day (5th June).

By launching the app, now Rajasthan becomes first state in country to launch such app for sharing information about air quality index of cities.


Assam Agricultural University

3. Researchers at Assam Agricultural University have developed two rice varieties.


They are Ranjit Sub-1 and Bahadur Sub-1.

These were developed to get better yields under submerged conditions in state mainly Barak Valley.



4. The Union Ministry of Power has launched Surya Surya Mitra mobile appMitra mobile App.


It will serve customers in the field of renewable energy.

The app was launched by Union Power Minister Piyush Goyal at National Workshop on Rooftop Solar Power held in New Delhi.



5. Four elements on the Periodic Table get new names.

Four elements on the Periodic Table


Meet nihonium (Nh), moscovium (Mc), tennessine (Ts) and oganesson (Og), the newest elements on the periodic table to receive names.

They were formerly known by their respective atomic numbers 113, 115, 117 and 118.

The elements were recognized by the International Union of Pure and Applied Chemistry, or IUPAC, the U.S.-based world authority on chemistry, on December 30, 2015. Their addition completed the seventh row of the periodic table.


Important Dates:


1. Every year World Environment Day (WED) is observed on 5 June.


World Environment Day The day is celebrated to raise global awareness to take positive environmental action to protect nature and the planet Earth.

2016 Theme for the days was Go Wild for Life (Zero tolerance for the illegal trade in wildlife).

The theme seeks to encourage conservation of all those species under threat and calls for taking action to help safeguard them for future generations.

Host for the 2016 celebration was Angola.

World Environment Day was established by the United Nations General Assembly in 1972 to mark the opening of United Nations Conference on the Human Environment 1972 which began in Stockholm.


2. The World Oceans Day is being observed globally on 8th June every year.World Oceans Day


The motive behind this celebration is to raise global awareness of the current challenges faced by the international community in connection with the oceans.

The day also seeks to provide a unique opportunity to honour, protect, and conserve the world’s oceans.

2016 Theme for the celebration was “Healthy oceans, healthy planet that highlights main urgent need to curb the plastic pollution.


3. Maharastra Government to observe 21st of every month as Yoga Day.


This will be celebrated across all the schools, colleges, and universities.

Every district will set up a Yoga Day Committee to plan “Yoga Mahotsav”.


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1. India’s first Mr Universe and body-builder Manohar Aich passed away in Kolkata, West Bengal due to age-related ailments. He was 104.Manohar Aich passed away


He had won the Mr. Universe title in 1952 and was nicknamed ‘Pocket Hercules’ due to his 4-feet, 11-inch frame.

He was also nicknamed “Bahubali”.

He was first Indian to win the title post-independence.

He had won the 1952 NABBA Universe Championships.

In 1950, he had won Mr. Hercules contest at the age of 36.


2. Amber Gurung, the Father of modern Nepali music and composer of the country’s national anthem passed away in Dhapasi. He was 79.

Amber Gurung passes away

He was suffering from diabetes and Parkinson’s disease.

Gurung was composer, lyricist and singer.

He had composed Nepal’s National Anthem “Sayaun Thunga Fulka Hami” (written by Byakul Maila) and more than a 1,000 songs.

He had authored three books of lyrics and memoirs “Samaalera Raakha (1969), Akcharkaa Awajharu (2003)”.

He also had authored an anthology of essays and memoirs, Kahaa Gae Ti Dinharu (2006).


3. Gordie HoweLegendary Canadian ice hockey player Gordie Howe passed away at Toledo, US. He was 88.


He was also known as Mr Hockey.

He had spent most of his career with the Detroit Red Wings, winning the Stanley Cup four times.

He was in the top 10 of scorers for 21 consecutive years and was named most valuable player six times before finally retiring in 1980.


4. T S John, Former Kerala assembly speaker has passed away at a hospital at Chertala in Alapuzha. He was (74-year).


He was suffering from old age related ailments.

John had served as a minister in the A K Antony cabinet.

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