Saloni Jain @Eduncle posted an Article
February 16, 2018 • 12:00 am

CBSE Class 12 Syllabus – English, Physics, Chemistry, Maths & Biology




CBSE Compartment Exam


Which is the most important thing which you should do at first before planning to prepare for any exam?

Well, that’s ‘Going through the Complete Exam Syllabus’! Isn’t it?


You can’t go well, if you don’t know about the right directions. Neither you can study any random topic!


Exam Syllabus or Curriculum gives you the correct guidance of which topics you should study and which not.


To ease out the queries of CBSE Class 12 Science students, here in this blog, we have come up with the complete CBSE Syllabus for Class 12 - Mathematics and Biology both streams.


The latest notification regarding CBSE Class 12 Date Sheet 2018 says that the Board Exams would begin from 5th March and end on 13th April.


As only a few days are remaining for the exam, the students must be getting nervous about their preparations. To help students reviewing the important topics, we would present the entire syllabus & important chapters for all the subjects that lie under the PCM and PCB Streams.



Announcement - CBSE Class 12 Result is going to be released in the month of May 2018. Follow the link to check out every single update regarding the evaluation & result declaration process.





CBSE Subjects for Class 12 Science Stream (Biology & Mathematics)



Before you proceed, we’d like to tell you that Science Stream is further divided into two streams such as – Biology (PCB) and Mathematics (PCM).


Please check out the compulsory and optional subjects under the PCB and PCM streams.


(Switch to Syllabus)  


Biology Stream Optional Subjects


Apart from Biology, Physics, Chemistry, and English as compulsory subjects, the students must choose any of the following optional subjects –



Mathematics Engineering Drawing Economics Physical Education Computer Science Micro Biology Informatics Practices Biotechnology Fine Arts Home Science Psychology Political Science History Geography Business Studies Accountancy Agriculture Multimedia and Web Technology Sociology Philosophy Music and Dance Entrepreneurship Fashion Studies Creative Writing and Translation Studies Heritage Crafts Graphic Design Mass Media Studies Hindi Environmental Science Language other than English




Many more subjects are there but these were the most popular ones. If we’ve missed any of the important subjects, please let us know in the comments’ box below.




Mathematics Stream Optional Subjects


On the other hand, the candidates who plan to appear for Mathematics Stream in Class 12 Board Exams must have chosen the following optional subjects other than the compulsory ones (Physics, Chemistry, Mathematics & English) –



 Hindi Biology Physical Education Computer Science Economics Biotechnology Fine Arts Home Science Music Languages other than English Engineering Graphics Information Practices



Many other subjects are also there. Please share out the name of your optional subject in the comments’ box below.



Now, when you have the list of subjects for PCM and PCB Streams, let’s proceed further.



Please click on the links to get the CBSE 12 Syllabus of following subjects –




CBSE Class 12 Maths Syllabus  CBSE Class 12 Biology Syllabus  CBSE Class 12 Physics Syllabus  CBSE Class 12 Chemistry Syllabus  CBSE Class 12 English Syllabus   CBSE Class 12 Physical Education Syllabus  CBSE Class 12 Computer Science Syllabus  


CBSE Class 12 Maths Syllabus NCERT with Chapter Wise Weightage 2017-18



Mathematics (Code 041) is the most popular stream among the schoolers who see their future as an Engineer, Researcher, Scientist, Navy Officer, Defense Officer, IAS Officer, Architecture, Interior Designer, Tutor, Lecturer etc.


Whether you have chosen Maths as a Compulsory or Elective Subject, check out the below listed CBSE Class 12 Maths Chapter Wise Weightage 2017-2018 along with the CBSE Class 12 Maths Syllabus NCERT.




CBSE Class 12 Maths Chapter Wise Weightage 2017-2018


Total 6 Units are there in the CBSE Class 12 Maths. Check out the CBSE Maths Class 12 Chapter Wise Weightage given below –



S.No.Mathematics Units NamesCBSE Class 12 Maths Chapter Wise Weightage 2017-18
1.Relations and Functions10
4.Vectors and Three - Dimensional Geometry17
5.Linear Programming06







CBSE Class 12 Maths Syllabus | List of Important Topics


Check out the list of topics that are included in CBSE Class 12 Maths Syllabus NCERT. These topics are listed unit wise.


Also, Read – Career Options in PCM after 10th and 12th Class.


Unit – 1 Relations and Functions


Relations and Functions Inverse Trigonometric Functions



Unit - 2 Algebra


 Matrices Determinants



Unit – 3 Calculus


 Continuity and Differentiability Applications of Derivatives Integrals Applications of the Integrals Differential Equations



Unit – 4 Vectors and Three-Dimensional Geometry


 Vectors Three - dimensional Geometry



Unit – 5 Linear Programming


 Optimization Mathematical formulation of L.P. problems Feasible and infeasible regions



Unit – 6 Probability


 Probability Bayes’ Theorem Mean and Variance of Random Variable




Click to Download Complete Syllabus for Class 12 Maths






CBSE Class 12 Biology Syllabus & Chapter Wise Marking Weightage



If you’re seeking to pursue your career further as a doctor, dentist, lab technician, pharmacist, medical lecturer, nursing head, scientist or medical researcher etc., then the Biology (Code 044) or PCB Stream would be the best-preferred option for you.



Check out which topics you would have to study if you opt Biology as a compulsory or optional subject –




Chapter Wise Weightage of NCERT Syllabus for Class 12 Biology


Total 5 Units worth 70 marks are there in Biology. To ease out your queries, we have come up with the unit wise marking weightage of NCERT Syllabus for Class 12 Biology.



S. No.Biology Units NamesMarking Weightage
2.Genetics and Evolution18
3.Biology and Human Welfare14
4.Biotechnology and its Applications10
5.Ecology and Environment14






As per the new pattern of CBSE Board for Class 12 2017, the Biology Question Paper will be made up of only 70 Marks and the remaining 30 marks will be taken from the Practical Exams’ performance.





CBSE Class 12 Biology Syllabus | List of Important Topics


Check out the Unit Wise List of Topics that lie under the Biology subject of CBSE 12 Boards.



Unit - 1 Reproduction


Reproduction in Organisms Sexual Reproduction in Flowering Plants Human Reproduction Reproductive Health



Unit – 2 Genetics and Evolution


 Principles of Inheritance and Variation Molecular Basis of Inheritance Evolution



Unit - 3 Biology and Human Welfare


 Human Health and Diseases Strategies for Enhancement in Food Production Microbes in Human Welfare



Unit - 4 Biotechnology and Its Applications


 Biotechnology - Principles and processes Biotechnology and its Application



Unit - 5 Ecology and Environment


 Organisms and Populations Ecosystem Biodiversity and its Conservation Environmental Issues



Click to Download CBSE Biology Practical Syllabus for Class 12






CBSE Class 12 Physics Syllabus NCERT, Important Topics & Chapter Wise Weightage



Physics (Code 042) is the mandatory subject for PCM and PCB both streams. No matter which stream you opt, the CBSE 12 Physics Syllabus will remain same in both cases.


To ease out your searches, we have come up with the list of Important Topics of Physics Class 12 CBSE 2017 along with the Syllabus of Physics Class 12 CBSE 2017-18.




Marking Weightage for CBSE 12 Physics Syllabus


Like Biology subject, Class Question Paper Class 12 of Physics also consists of total 70 Marks.


Here is the marking weightage of CBSE Class 12 Physics Syllabus 2017-18.



S. No.Physics Units NamesMarking Weightage of CBSE 12 Physics Syllabus
2.Current Electricity
3.Magnetic Effects of Current and Magnetism16
4.Electromagnetic Induction and Alternating Currents
5.Electromagnetic Waves17
7.Dual Nature of Radiation and Matter10
8.Atoms and Nuclei
9.Electronic Devices12
10.Communication Systems





CBSE Class 12 Physics Syllabus NCERT and List of Important Topics


The Syllabus of Physics Class 12 CBSE 2017-18 consists of total 10 Units. Covering such huge syllabus with efficiency is quite a difficult task, so, here we present you the list of the Important Topics of Physics Class 12 CBSE 2017.


You can consider these topics for a smart study approach.



Unit – 1 Electrostatics


Electric Charges and Fields Electrostatic Potential and Capacitance



Unit – 2 Current Electricity


 Drift Velocity Ohm’s Law Series and Parallel Combinations of Resistors Kirchhoff's Laws Potentiometer



Unit – 3 Magnetic Effects of Current and Magnetism


 Moving Charges and Magnetism Magnetism and Matter



Unit - 4 Electromagnetic Induction and Alternating Currents


 Electromagnetic Induction Alternating Current



Unit - 5 Electromagnetic waves

  Electromagnetic waves Electromagnetic spectrum



Unit – 6 Optics


 Ray Optics and Optical Instruments Wave Optics



Unit – 7 Dual Nature of Radiation and Matter


 Dual Nature of Radiation Photoelectric Effect Matter Waves



Unit – 8 Atoms and Nuclei


 Atoms Nuclei Mass-Energy Relation



Unit – 9 Electronic Devices


 Semiconductor Electronics: Materials, Devices and Simple Circuits



Unit – 10 Communication Systems

  Elements of A Communication System Propagation of Electromagnetic Waves in The Atmosphere, Sky and Space Wave Propagation, Satellite Communication Types of Modulation



Click to Download CBSE 12 Physics Syllabus PDF






CBSE Class 12 Chemistry Syllabus & Chapter Wise Marking Scheme



Chemistry (Code 043) is also one of the common subjects in both PCM and PCB streams. While being the easiest, this subject is also the scoring one.


To learn this subject thoroughly, you must create your own topic-specific shortcut mantras and use them to recall the basic concept of that particular topic.


Let’s check out which are the important topics to study from the NCERT Syllabus for Class 12 Chemistry –




CBSE Class 12 Chemistry Chapter Wise Marking Scheme


There are total 14 units in the subject chemistry. The students who are going to appear for Chemistry in Biology Stream or Mathematics Stream, they will have to study these 12 Units from the scratch.


Let’s check out the CBSE Chemistry Syllabus for Class 12 Mark Distribution to know which of these units are more important than the other ones.




S. No.Chemistry Units NamesCBSE Class 12 Chemistry Chapter Wise Marking Scheme
1.Solid State23
4.Chemical Kinetics
5.Surface Chemistry
6.General Principles and Processes of Isolation of Elements19
7.p -Block Elements
8.d -and f -Block Elements
9.Coordination Compounds
10.Haloalkanes and Haloarenes28
11.Alcohols, Phenols and Ethers
12.Aldehydes, Ketones and Carboxylic Acids
13.Organic Compounds containing Nitrogen
16.Chemistry in Everyday Life






The remaining 30 Marks out of Total 100 Marks are added to the CBSE Class 12 Chemistry Practical Syllabus.




CBSE Class 12 Chemistry Syllabus & List of Important Topics


Please check out the list of Important Topics of Chemistry Class 12 CBSE Board 2017-18.



Unit - 1 Solid State

  Classification of Solids Based on Different Binding Forces Unit Cell in Two Dimensional and Three-Dimensional Lattices Band Theory of Metals



Unit – 2 Solutions

  Types of Solutions Solubility of Gases in Liquids Raoult's Law Van't Hoff Factor



Unit – 3 Electrochemistry

  Redox reactions Kohlrausch's Law EMF of a cell Nernst equation and its application to chemical cells



Unit - 4 Chemical Kinetics

  Rate of A Reaction Factors Affecting Rate of Reaction Activation Energy



Unit – 5 Surface Chemistry

  Adsorption Homogenous and Heterogenous Activity and Selectivity Tyndall Effect Emulsion



Unit – 6 General Principles and Processes of Isolation of Elements


 Principles and Methods of Extraction Occurrence and Principles of Extraction of Aluminum, Copper, Zinc and Iron



Unit -7 p Block Elements

  Group -15 Elements Group 16 Elements Group 17 Elements Group 18 Elements



Unit – 8 d and f Block Elements

  General Trends in Properties of The First Row Transition Metals Lanthanoids Actinoids



Unit – 9 Coordination Compounds

  Coordination Compounds Werner's Theory Importance of Coordination Compounds



Unit – 10 Haloalkanes and Haloarenes

  Haloalkanes Haloarenes



Unit – 11 Alcohols, Phenols and Ethers

  Alcohols Phenols Ethers



Unit – 12 Aldehydes, Ketones and Carboxylic Acids

  Aldehydes and Ketones Carboxylic Acids



Unit – 13 Organic compounds containing Nitrogen


 Amines Cyanides and Isocyanides Diazonium Salts



Unit – 14 Biomolecules


 Carbohydrates Proteins Vitamins Nucleic Acids



Unit – 15 Polymers

  Classification of Polymers Biodegradable and Non-Biodegradable Polymers



Unit – 16 Chemistry in Everyday life


 Chemicals in Medicines Chemicals in Food Cleansing Agents





Click to Download CBSE Class 12 Chemistry Syllabus






CBSE Class 12 English Syllabus 2018 (Core) | List of Chapters & Units



As English is the compulsory subject under PCB and PCM Stream, we would present the CBSE 12 English Syllabus for Core Subject.


Let’s have a look at the detailed information regarding CBSE Class 12 English Syllabus 2018.




CBSE English Syllabus for Class 12 Chapters


English is one of the easiest subjects in CBSE Class 12 Syllabus. Let’s know about the topics you should focus more on –



S. No.English Sections NamesMarking Weightage
1.Advanced Reading Skills30
2.Writing Skills and Grammar30
3.Literary Appreciation and Extended Reading Texts40







CBSE Class 12 English Syllabus 2018


Let’s check out the list of Important Topics under CBSE 12 English Syllabus.



Section – 1 Reading Skills

  Two Unseen Passages with A Variety of Questions Including Factual Passages Discursive Passages Involving Opinion Literary Passages



Section – 2 Writing Skills and Grammar


 Short Answer Questions - Notices/Posters/Advertisements Long Answer Questions – All Type of Letters (Business Letters, Official Letters, Letters to Editors, Job Applications, Letter to School or College Authorities, Request Letters) Very Long Answer Questions – Articles, Speech, Reports or Narratives



Section – 3 Literary Appreciation and Extended Reading Texts


Questions to test comprehension at distinct levels: literal, inferential and evaluative


 Language Skills book published by NCERT, New Delhi Literature Reader published by NCERT, New Delhi Extended Reading Text Books - The Invisible Man by H.G. Wells Silas Marner by George Eliot



Click to Download CBSE Class 12 English Syllabus





CBSE Class 12 Syllabus for Elective Subjects of PCM & PCB


There are many elective subjects that 12 Board students may opt, but Physical Education and Computer Science are more popular amongst all.


Let’s check out the CBSE 12 Syllabus for Physical Education and Computer Science Subjects given below in the brief format –




CBSE Class 12 Physical Education Syllabus


Physical Education (Code 048) is easier yet interesting subject. If you have interest in various physical activities like Yoga, Olympic Activities, Sports etc, then you can opt this subject as an optional one.


Let’s check out the topics that you’d have to study under this subject –




S.No.Class 12 Physical Education Units Names
1.Planning in Sports
2.Sports & Nutrition
3.Yoga & Lifestyle
4.Physical Education & Sports for Differently-Abled
5.Children & Sports
6.Women & Sports
7.Test & Measurement in Sports
8.Physiology & Sports
9.Sports Medicine
10.Kinesiology, Biomechanics & Sports
11.Psychology & Sports
12.Training in Sports





Click to Download Complete CBSE Class 12 Physical Education Syllabus





CBSE Class 12 Computer Science Syllabus


If you seek your career in the computer field, then start planning for it right from your school days, then opt Computer Science (Code 083) as an elective subject and start preparing for it based on the official curriculum/syllabus.




S.No.Computer Science Units NamesMarking Weightage
1.Object-Oriented Programming with Python24 Marks
2.Advanced Programming with Python20 Marks
3.Database Management System and SQL8 Marks
4.Boolean Algebra8 Marks
5.Communication Technologies10 Marks
Total70 Marks





Click to Download CBSE Class 12 Computer Science Syllabus




We hope that this comprehensive guide for CBSE Class 12 Science Syllabus would help you to prioritize your study goals. Share the article with your friends if you find it useful.


Let’s explore more knowledge! Start the discussion in the comments’ box. Ask the doubts and get answered soon.


If have any queries regarding the above information, don’t keep them to yourself. Please let us know about your queries and reviews, everything in the comments’ box below.


Also, share out the topic suggestions on which you’d like to see our next post.


Happy Learning!


Showing 2 comments out of 2
  • Praveen Yadav
    Can we do B.e. or after 12th from subject agriculture ... if I can not fight PAT after 12th
    Likes(0) Reply(1)
    Eduncle Team
    Hello Praveen,   Greetings from Eduncle!   Yes, you can go for it through direct admissions.   Thanks for asking your query to us!   Kind Regards, Eduncle Team