CSIR NET Syllabus Dec 2018 | Exam Pattern (LS, MS, CS, PS, ES)

Joint-CSIR-UGC-NET-2018-Exam-Syllabus-Pattern

 

CSIR-NET-Syllabus-Dec-2018-PDF-Available

 

Hello Readers!

 

Are you aspiring CSIR NET 2018 and willing to crack this exam with a really good score? If yes! Then you need to prepare excellently and become skilled to be a part of this ambitious journey.

 

Now, it’s high time when you need to put your complete focus in planning the smart preparation strategies for CSIR NET and executing them.

 

In order to invest your efforts in the right direction and make wise use of them, you should know exactly which topics you have to cover from the CSIR NET Syllabus and which topics you should set on high priority?

 

Candidates usually have the queries ‘What is the Joint CSIR UGC NET Syllabus and Exam Pattern?’ To quench out their curiosities, Eduncle has come up with the complete information about the –

 

 

 CSIR NET Syllabus

 

 CSIR NET Exam Pattern

 

 

Get the Complete CSIR NET 2018 Syllabus in PDF Format! Download for free!

 

 

Below in this blog, you can gather the complete data about the CSIR UGC NET Syllabus and Paper Pattern for Joint UGC NET/JRF Exam Dec 2018 which is presented in a very well-structured format. Please have a look below!

 

 

Subject Code No. Subject Code Name Subject Name Syllabus
00 - General Aptitude Download
01 CHE Chemical science Download
02 ERT Earth Science Download
03 LIF Life Science Download
04 MAT Mathematical science Download
05 PHY Physical Science Download

 

 

Also know about the CSIR NET Eligibility Criteria in detail!

 

 

 

 

 

CSIR NET Syllabus for December 2018 – Know the Important Topics to Score Well!

 

 

The Joint CSIR-UGC NET Exam convener body, Human Resource Development Group (HRDG) conducts the test for 5 subjects from the Science Streams.

 

The candidates who fulfill the CSIR NET Eligibility Criteria for the concerned subject may apply for CSIR NET exam.

 

To distinguish the CSIR Syllabus amongst these 5 subjects, we have listed the topics separately for each subject below!

 

 

General Aptitude

 

Check out the important topics for CSIR NET General Aptitude Paper.

 

Logical Reasoning

Graphical Analysis

Analytical and Numerical Ability

Quantitative Comparisons

Series Formation

Puzzles Etc.

 

 

[Free Download PDF] Complete CSIR NET General Aptitude Syllabus 2018!

 

 

 

Life Sciences

 

The CSIR NET Life Sciences Syllabus is very huge. We have divided the complete syllabus in 13 Major Points. Kindly check the complete syllabus for CSIR NET Life Sciences below.

 

 

Molecules and their Interaction Relevant to Biology

Cellular Organization

Fundamental Processes

Cell Communication and Cell Signaling

Developmental Biology

System Physiology – Plant

System Physiology – Animal

Inheritance Biology

Diversity of Life Forms

Ecological Principles

Evolution and Behavior

Applied Biology

Methods in Biology

 

 

 

 

Above we have described the CSIR UGC NET Syllabus for Life Science in a brief format!

 

 

[Free Download PDF] Complete CSIR NET Life Science Syllabus 2018!

 

 

 

Also, check the –

 

Important Topics for CSIR NET Life Science Exam

 

S. No. List of Important Topics
1. Molecular Biology
2. Cell Biology
3. Biochemistry
4. Instrumentation
5. Genetics

 

 

 

Chemical Science

 

CSIR NET Chemical Sciences is divided into 4 sub-topics – Inorganic Chemistry, Organic Chemistry, Physical Chemistry and Interdisciplinary topics.

 

Please find the complete CSIR NET Chemical Sciences Syllabus Below.

 

 

Inorganic Chemistry

Organic Chemistry

Physical Chemistry

Interdisciplinary topics

 

 

 

[Free Download PDF] Complete CSIR NET Chemical Science Syllabus 2018!

 

 

 

Important Topics for CSIR NET Chemical Science Exam

 

 

S. No. Inorganic Chemistry Physical Chemistry Organic Chemistry
1. Main group elements Quantum Chemistry Reagents
2. Transition metals & Coordination compounds Chemical Kinetics Intermediate & Reaction mechanism
3. Organometallic Compounds Thermodynamics & Thermochemistry Pericyclic/
photochemistry
4. - Molecular Spectroscopy -
5. - - -

 

 

Download Sample Notes for CSIR NET Dec 2018 Exam

 

 

Mathematics Science

 

To ease out your worries, we have divided the complete CSIR NET Mathematics Sciences Syllabus into 4 sub-units.

 

Mark the syllabus for each unit and start taking the topics one by one.

 

 

 Unit-1

 Unit-2

 Unit-3

 Unit-4

 

 

[Free Download PDF] Complete CSIR NET Syllabus Mathematical Science 2018!

 

 

 

CSIR Syllabus – Mathematical Science Important Topics

 

 

S. No. List of Important Topics
1. Linear Algebra
2. Real Analysis
3. Ordinary and Partial differential equation
4. Modern Algebra
5. Complex Analysis

 

 

Earth Sciences

 

To distinguish between Part-B and Part-C Syllabus of CSIR NET Earth Sciences, we have mentioned them separately. Please note down the complete syllabus to prepare well!

 

 

Earth Science Syllabus (Part-B)

Earth Science Syllabus (Part-C)

GEOLOGY

Physical Geography

Geophysics

Meteorology

Ocean Sciences

 

 

[Free Download PDF] Complete CSIR NET Syllabus Earth Science 2018!

 

 

 

CSIR NET Syllabus – Earth Science Important Topics

 

 

S. No. List of Important Topics
1. Earth and Solar system
2. Ocean and Atmosphere
3. Interior of Earth, deformation, tectonics
4. Geochemistry

 

 

Physical Science

 

It’s better to start with the core than to switch directly on advanced studies. Please check the CSIR NET Physical Sciences Syllabus for both – Core and Advanced.

 

 

Physical Science Syllabus (Part-A Core)

Physical Science Syllabus (Part-B Advanced)

 

 

[Free Download PDF] Complete CSIR NET Syllabus Earth Science 2018!

 

 

 

CSIR NET Syllabus – Physical Science Important Topics

 

S. No. List of Important Topics
1. Mathematical Physics
2. Quantum Physics
3. Electromagnetic Theory
4. Classical Mechanics
5. Electronics

 

 

CSIR NET Exam Pattern 2018 | Here’s How to understand the Paper Format!

 

 

Well! Before switching over to the CSIR NET Exam Pattern, we would like to tell you about the few points which every Joint CSIR-UGC NET aspirant should know.

 

 

Stay Updated about the Best Suited CSIR NET Study Material and Books that can help you in fulfilling your preparation goals!   

 

 

Exam Convener Institute – Human Resource Development Group (HRDG), Council of Scientific & Industrial Research

 

Test is conducted for – Science Students who are having M.Sc. or MBBS or BS/MS or B-Tech qualification.

 

The Test is a complete pen-paper based. So, candidates are required to use only black ball point pen during the exam.

 

Subjects in which Test is conducted – Life Sciences, Chemical Science, Mathematical Science, Earth Science and Physical Science.

 

The Exam is conducted on same day but within two-time sessions.

Morning Session – 9.00 am-12.00 noon

Evening Session – 2.00 pm-5.00 pm.

 

The CSIR NET Exam Paper is divided into 3 sections – Part A, Part B, and Part C.

 

 

 

The exam authority HRDG, CSIR conducts this exam to assess candidates on the basis of some specific characteristics. Along with identifying brilliant candidates for their excellence in a particular subject, HRDG also tests their General Aptitude Abilities.

 

The exam is conducted in three parts – Part A, Part B and Part C.

 

 

Part A – It is common to (for) all subjects.

In this section, candidates’ talent is measured on the basis of their key skills in General Science, Quantitative Reasoning & Analysis, and Research Aptitude.

Type of Questions – MCQ.

 

 

Part B - Subject-Related Conventional MCQs with less difficulty level.

Type of Questions – MCQ.

 

 

Part C - Higher Value Subject Related Questions that test the candidate’s scientific knowledge.

The questions shall be of analytical nature where a candidate is expected to apply the scientific knowledge to arrive at the solution to the given scientific problem.

Type of Questions – MSQ (Multiple Select Questions)

 

 

Check out the complete subject-wise paper pattern below. Also, know the exam qualifying criteria in detail by clicking on the following link – CSIR NET Result and Cutoff Marks Declaration Procedure.

 

 

 

Free Download CSIR NET Dec 2018 Syllabus for All 5 Subjects

 

 

 

CSIR NET Exam Pattern for Physical Science (PH) 2018

 

 

S.No. Sections No. of Ques. Given No. of Ques. to be Attempted Marks Neg. Marking Duration of Exam
1 PART-A 20 15 30 0.5 3 Hours
2 PART-B 25 20 70 0.875
3 PART-C 30 20 100 1.25
TOTAL MARKS 200

 

 

 

CSIR NET Exam Pattern for Chemical Science (CH) 2018

 

NoteThe Exam Scheme for Chemical Science Paper has been revised for the Dec 2018 Exam. The number of questions that will be asked in each of the sections i.e. Part A, Part B and Part C has been revised. Kindly take a note of the new exam scheme as discussed below.

 

S.No. Sections No. of Ques. Given No. of Ques. to be Attempted Marks Neg. Marking Duration of Exam
1 PART-A 20 15 30 0.5 3 Hours
2 PART-B 40 35 70 0.5
3 PART-C 60 25 100 1.0
TOTAL MARKS 200

 

 

 

 CSIR NET Exam Pattern for Life Science (LS) 2018

 

 

S.No. Sections No. of Ques. Given No. of Ques. to be Attempted Marks Neg. Marking Duration of Exam
1 PART-A 20 15 30 0.5 3 Hours
2 PART-B 50 35 70 0.5
3 PART-C 75 25 100 1.0
TOTAL MARKS 200

 

 

 

NET CSIR Exam Pattern for Mathematical Science (MA) 2018

 

 

S.No. Sections No. of Ques. Given No. of Ques. to be Attempted Marks Neg. Marking Duration of Exam
1 PART-A 20 15 30 0.5 3 Hours
2 PART-B 40 20 75 0.75
3 PART-C 60 20 95 0
TOTAL MARKS 200

 

 

 

CSIR NET Earth Science (ES) Exam Pattern 2018

 

 

S.No. Sections No. of Ques. Given No. of Ques. to be Attempted Marks Neg. Marking Duration of Exam
1 PART-A 20 15 30 0.5 3 Hours
2 PART-B 50 35 70 0.5
3 PART-C 80 25 100 1.32
TOTAL MARKS 200

 

 

The CSIR NET is completely designed to discover a candidate’s talent in the field of scientific knowledge along with their mental abilities.

 

Above we have described the complete paper pattern that will be necessary for every aspirant to know before appearing in the exam.

 

To understand the paper format in a livelier way, you can go through the analysis of CSIR NET Previous Years Question Papers.

 

 

At Eduncle, you can get the CSIR NET Previous Years Question Papers along with their Answer Keys for free! Download Now!

 

 

For more useful information, stay tuned with Eduncle on Facebook and YouTube also!

 

If you have any queries or doubts regarding the above-provided information, then you ask us by leaving your question in the comment box given below. We’ll try to get in touch with you as soon as possible. Thanks!

 

 

Happy Preparing Aspirants!

 

 

 

Share This Post

PinIt
Expert advise guide for exam preparation
Like the Post? Subscribe to Eduncle Blog

Even if you don't visit eduncle.com on a regular basis, you can get the latest posts and updates delivered to you for free via Email.

2    +   4   =  
  

57 thoughts on “CSIR NET Syllabus Dec 2018 | Exam Pattern (LS, MS, CS, PS, ES)

  1. Hemant

    Sir,
    Can I get CSIR NET Exam Syllabus for computer Science? I will appear for the JRF exam in 2017.
    Thanks.

    • Eduncle Team

      Hello Hemant,

      Greetings from Eduncle!

      CBSE UGC NET conducts the exam in Computer Science and not CSIR NET. Kindly visit the following blog for detailed syllabus of Computer Science and Applications in PDF format – https://scoop.eduncle.com/ugc-net-syllabus

      Good Luck!
      Eduncle Team

  2. Ram

    Hello sir,

    We need previous Question papers of CSIR NET for life science and chemical science.

    • Eduncle Team

      Hello Ram,

      Greetings from Eduncle! Wish you a very Happy New Year!

      Kindly Register on Eduncle, and you can Download the Previous Year Question Papers for CSIR NET Life Science and Chemical Science.

      If you face any issues, kindly revert.

      Kind Regards,
      Eduncle Team

    • Raj

      Yes

  3. Neha

    i am doing my Msc. in biology (specifically in genetics), i want to appear CSIR NET EXAM. so do i need to prepare for general aptitude and life sciences only or all the 5 subjects (e.g physics, chem…) to appear the exam?

    thank you.

    • Eduncle Team

      Hello Neha,

      Greetings from Eduncle!

      Thanks for sharing your query with us!

      If you wish to take CSIR NET Exam in Life Sciences, you need to prepare for General Science and Research Aptitude which is Part A of the Question Paper, and Life Sciences Syllabus Topics prescribed therein. Part B and Part C will have multiple-choice questions related to Life Sciences Syllabus.

      All the Best for your future leaning Endeavours!

      Kind Regards,
      Eduncle Team

  4. Anasuya

    I am ansasuya now I say actually l prepared life sciences of Csir UgC net exam confirmly reach to the my hope means got jrf.

    • Eduncle Team

      Hello Anasuya,

      Good to hear from you. Hope you achieve all your dreams and get success soon!

      Good Luck! :)

      Kind Regards,
      Eduncle Team

  5. Sarvesh Patil

    Hi I passed 10 th this year and want to do something in research field so taking bio is helpfull or not

    • Eduncle Team

      Hello Sarvesh,
       
      Greetings from Eduncle!
       
      Yes, you can go ahead with this option! Not just in Bio, but in any stream you opt, you can perform research after completing the Post-Graduation. Apart from CSIR NET, UGC NET also offers candidates to perform Research in 100 subjects.
       
      Thanks for asking your queries! If you need any more help, please feel free to ask!
       
      Kind Regards,
      Eduncle Team

  6. Sangeeta Hota

    Hii.. I am Sangeeta. I joined M.Sc in life science this year. I have just started preparing for the exam. Since the syllabus is vast I am feeling very tensed.. I really dont know how to prepare & what are the important topics which comes more frequently. I am thinking to appear the exam this year so that i can get an idea about the complete question pattern. So I just want to know that am i eligible to attend the CSIR-NET exam?? & what are the important topics which i should focus more??

    • Eduncle Team

      Hello Sangeeta,
       
      Greetings from Eduncle!
       
      You’re not eligible to appear in CSIR NET Life Sciences Exam as you’re in the first year of your post-graduation program. As per the CSIR NET Eligibility Criteria, only the candidates who’re in the final year of their PG Degree can appear in the CSIR NET Exam. Please check the important topics here – CSIR NET Life Sciences.
       
      Thanks for asking your query with us!
       
      Kind Regards,
      Eduncle Team

  7. Deepthi

    Hai sir. I am so happy to become one part in Eduncle.I am completed M.S.c _o.c ,in 2017 .so I am start to prepare CSIR NET chemical science. so ,how I prepare ? please suggest me.
    Thank u sir

    • Eduncle Team

      Hello Deepthi,
       
      Greetings from Eduncle!
       
      You can register here to download free study material for CSIR NET Chemical Science. Our experts will provide you timely assistance for preparation.
       
      Thanks for asking your query with us!
       
      Kind Regards,
      Eduncle Team

  8. Meghana

    Hello sir..
    I’m doing bsc horticulture (3rd year) and I’m interested in plant biotechnology. Can you please tell me wish exam and field I should opt for

    • Eduncle Team

      Hello Meghana,
       
      Greetings from Eduncle!
       
      With this qualification, you can go for CSIR NET Earth Sciences.
       
      Thanks for asking your query with us!
       
      Kind Regards,
      Eduncle Team

  9. yasmeen

    Hiiii…..
    Can you guide me how can i prepare without coaching CSIR NET in physics…

  10. K nishi

    What is difference between CSIR exam ,UGC exam ??

    • Eduncle Team

      Hello Nishi,
       
      Greetings from Eduncle!
       
      Please visit the blog to know about the major differences between both the exams – UGC NET vs CSIR NET.
       
      Thanks for asking your query with us!
       
      Kind Regards,
      Eduncle Team

  11. Rahul

    Hi I am planning to appear for CSIR net exam in Maths (LS). I am 34 years old and currently working. I cannot devote much time for studies. Please guide me to clear this exam. I have done MSc in the year 2007 and have lost all my touch with MSc books. So please guide me and suggest some good study material and books. I shall be very thankful to you.

    • Eduncle Team

      Hello Rahul,
       
      Greetings from Eduncle!
       
      As today is the last date to apply for CSIR NET, we’d like to remind you whether you’ve applied for the exam or not. And for getting the free study material for CSIR NET Maths, you can register here and download free pdfs.
       
      Thanks for asking your query with us!
       
      Kind Regards,
      Eduncle Team

  12. Aliza

    Hello sir,
    I want to prepare myself for CSIR NET ( LIFE SCIENCE) without coaching. How can i do preparations and pls share me some previous years question paper.

    • Eduncle Team

      Hello Aliza,
       
      Greetings from Eduncle!
       
      Please call on toll free number 1800-120-1021 to get free assistance in your preparation by Eduncle experts.
       
      Good Luck!
       
      Kind Regards,
      Eduncle Team

  13. Dilip Chandra

    Hello,
    What should I prepare for if I am aspiring to become a JRF in electrical background??????

    • Eduncle Team

      Hello Dilip,
       
      Greetings from Eduncle!
       
      Kindly call us on toll-free number 1800-120-1021 to know more about the same. You can also share your contact details so that our experts team can call you and guide you well on this.
       
      Thanks for asking your query with us!
       
      Kind Regards,
      Eduncle Team

  14. Divya A.M.

    I am a BE graduate in ECE 2014 passout and can i do my phd directly
    what steps is needed to pursue phd

    • Eduncle Team

      Hello Divya,
       
      Greetings from Eduncle!
       
      If you want to pursue PhD after completing your B-Tech, then you might appear in GATE exam. You can also go for CSIR NET Physical Sciences, this exam will benefit you with multiple opportunities in research field.
       
      Thanks for asking your query with us!
       
      Kind Regards,
      Eduncle Team

      • Divya A.M.

        thanks for your immediate response
        sir I have not appeared for Gate 2018 can I apply for csir net exam
        and is it necessary to apply for phd in a college before writing this exam

        • Eduncle Team

          Hello Divya,
           
          Greetings from Eduncle!
           
          Yes, you can apply for CSIR NET 2018. Its online process is to be started from today. As soon as the online process will start, we’ll update the news on our following blog of CSIR NET Online Application 2018.
           
          No, you’d not have to apply for Phd before writing the exam. Once you have qualified the exam, you can apply for PhD within the 2 years of the joining date of your fellowship.
           
          If you need anymore guidance in the preparation of CSIR NET Exam, please drop your contact details here and the subject which you’ll be appearing for. Our Expert’s team will contact you to guide about how you can prepare well for the exam.
           
          Thanks for asking your query with us!
           
          Kind Regards,
          Eduncle Team

  15. Jayati Mitra

    The csir notification said that online application will start on 5/03/2018 but I am unable to find apply now link on the csir website. Can you please tell me when will the link be available.

    • Eduncle Team

      Hello Jayati,
       
      Greetings from Eduncle!
       
      Yes, the online process had to be started form 5th March but it has not started yet. As soon as any relevant information regarding the same will be released, we’ll update the same in our blogs. Kindly stay tuned with us at CSIR NET Online Form page.
       
      Thanks for asking your query with us!
       
      Kind Regards,
      Eduncle Team

  16. bhargavi

    Hello sir,

    Can you guide me how can i prepare without coaching CSIR NET in life sciences.

    • Eduncle Team

      Hello Bhargavi,
       
      Greetings from Eduncle!
       
      We’d be glad to guide you on this. Please share your contact details (that would remain safe to us) and thereafter our experts’ team will call you and guide you about the same.
      If you need any sample study material for CSIR NET, please click here to download.
       
      Thanks for asking your query with us!
       
      Kind Regards,
      Eduncle Team

  17. Pranjal

    Sir notification for Csir net came out yesterday but still thete is no link to apply. I have been visiting the website & searching the link since last morning but could not find.

    • Eduncle Team

      Hello Pranjal,
       
      Greetings from Eduncle!
       
      The CSIR NET Online Process has not started yet. As soon as it would be started, we’ll update the same in our following blog – CSIR NET Online Application. Kindly stay tuned with us!
       
      Thanks for asking your query with us!
       
      Kind Regards,
      Eduncle Team

      • Pranjal

        I am ardent follower of this site sir.
        According to you when will the online process start sir?

        • Eduncle Team

          Hello Pranjal,
           
          Greetings from Eduncle!
           
          It has been started now. You can apply from here – http://59.163.216.84:8080/new_jrf/
           
          Thanks for asking your query with us!
           
          Kind Regards,
          Eduncle Team

          • Pranjal

            Thank you sir.

          • Eduncle Team

            Hello Pranjal,
             
            Greetings from Eduncle!
             
            We’re always here to help you. So, feel free to get in touch with us if you have any doubts.
             
            Thanks for asking your queries with us!
             
            Kind Regards,
            Eduncle Team

          • Pranjal

            Sur why was my commmet deleted?

          • Eduncle Team

            Hello Pranjal,
             
            Greetings from Eduncle!
             
            Your comment was in moderation. It has been approved and answered now. Please check the comment and let us know if your query is fulfilled. And still, if it not, please let us know too.
             
            Thanks for asking your query with us!
             
            Kind Regards,
            Eduncle Team

  18. srinivas

    sir,
    i completed my m.tech in mechanical (thermal engg) branch.
    can i apply for csir net now for PHD…

    • Eduncle Team

      Hello Srinivas,
       
      Greetings from Eduncle!
       
      Yes, you can go for CSIR NET Physical Sciences Exam.
       
      Thanks for asking your query with us!
       
      Kind Regards,
      Eduncle Team

  19. Nitin

    Sir, I have completed my Msc. With chemistry. Can I apply for cbse net? Pls. Reply early.

    • Eduncle Team

      Hello Nitin,
       
      Greetings from Eduncle!
       
      You can apply for CSIR NET Chemical Sciences exam instead of applying for CBSE NET.
       
      Thanks for asking your query with us!
       
      Kind Regards,
      Eduncle Team

  20. Ahsan

    Sir I’m doing M.Pharm(pharmaceutics). Can I apply for CSIR NET for PhD?

    • Eduncle Team

      Hello Ahsan,
       
      Greetings from Eduncle!
       
      Yes, you can apply for CSIR NET Chemical Sciences.
       
      Thanks for asking your query with us!
       
      Kind Regards,
      Eduncle Team

  21. Kratika Nirkhi

    Hello sir/ma’m

    I want to see your sample study material for CSIR NET.
    do you guys upload your lecture videos?
    I need guidance for preparation of this exam.

    • Eduncle Team

      Hello Kratika,
       
      Greetings from Eduncle!
       
      You can see our sample study material for CSIR NET from here – Download CSIR NET Sample Study Material for June 2018 Exam.
       
      After signing up through the given link, you’ll get the free sample theory, notes, previous years papers with solutions, June 2018 mock test and updated copy of syllabus with the list of important topics, all for free.
       
      If you want the guidance in preparation, you can fill up the form and wait for our experts to reach or you can directly share your contact details along with subject name here only. We assure you not post your contact details publicly, it will remain safe with us!
       
      Good Luck Kratika!
       
      Thanks for asking your query to us!
       
      Kind Regards,
      Eduncle Team

  22. mahesh ahuja

    I have done b.tech in production egg. Aam I eligible for the for csir net in mathematical science

    • Eduncle Team

      Hello Mahesh,
       
      Greetings from Eduncle!
       
      Yes you can apply for CSIR NET Maths.
       
      Thanks for asking your query to us!
       
      Kind Regards,
      Eduncle Team

  23. Mehul

    Hi,
    I am a btech electronics and communication graduate.
    Am I eligible to for Earth sciences paper..? If no, what are the subjects I can apply for..?

    Thank you

    • Eduncle Team

      Hello Mehul,
       
      Greetings from Eduncle!
       
      You can apply for Life Sciences, Chemical Sciences and Mathematical Sciences.
       
      Thanks for asking your query to us!
       
      Kind Regards,
      Eduncle Team

  24. Komal

    What is the negative marking in chemistry….

    • Eduncle Team

      Hello Komal,
       
      Greetings from Eduncle!
       
      It is 0.25 marks for each section.
       
      Thanks for asking your query to us!
       
      Kind Regards,
      Eduncle Team

Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published.

2   +   4   = 

You may use these HTML tags and attributes: <a href="" title=""> <abbr title=""> <acronym title=""> <b> <blockquote cite=""> <cite> <code> <del datetime=""> <em> <i> <q cite=""> <strike> <strong>