CSIR Online Application Form 2017 for UGC NET/JRF Exam | Apply Online

CSIR Online Application Form 2017


CSIR NET June 2017 Answer Key Available


Welcome to Eduscoop!!


You are about to take a step further towards achieving your goal to crack CSIR NET Exam. The decision to choose CSIR as a career option is appreciable that will definitely turn your dreams into existence. Being a part of the Council for Scientific & Industrial Research (CSIR) will result in you experiencing unique opportunities.


So let’s move on to the next step that is applying for CSIR NET exam through CSIR Online Application Form. CSIR Online Process/ application process for CSIR NET Dec 2017 Exam will begin in the month of October 2017.




Download Here the Test Series Designed for Your Smart Preparation for Success in CSIR Exam!!




CSIR Online Application – Take Your First Step Towards Your Ambition



Yes, for sure, to set your future in research field you have to appear for CSIR exam. And for getting a chance to appear in the exam, firstly you have to fill the CSIR NET Form before the last date. Check the CSIR NET Exam Dates.


The process for applying and filling CSIR NET form is based on online mode. You have to apply through the official site of CSIR. You should follow the schedule for the CSIR UGC NET online application process that will be made available here for your ease.


The Council of Scientific and Industrial Research (CSIR) is going to conduct CSIR UGC NET 2017 for Junior Research Fellowship/ Lectureship Programs on 18th December 2017 (Expected Date). To take part in CSIR 2017 Recruitment, read thoroughly the complete CSIR online application procedure explained further.



CSIR Application Form Dec 2017 – Look upon the Entire Schedule [Updated]



In order to fill the CSIR Online Application Form, first of all, you have to check whether you are applicable for the exam or not according to the CSIR Eligibility Criteria. If you find yourself completely eligible, you can go on with the procedure of applying CSIR online.


Read below the official dates of the complete process of filling CSIR Application Form 


CSIR NET Dec 2017 Online Application Important Dates



As CSIR NET Form for December 2017 will be available at the official site of the organization, you will get informed here so that you can start filling them at the earliest.


As an important process of filling CSIR NET form, from the official website, you have to download the Bank challan Performa and deposit the examination fee online in any of the Indian Bank branches throughout the country.




CSIR NET Application Form 2017 – Follow the Appropriate Procedure for Successful Submission



Before filling CSIR online application form, you should get aware about the rules and regulations that will be followed while applying online.


If you don’t follow them, the organization will reject your CSIR NET form. So make sure you read all the information given here, very carefully.




How to Fill CSIR NET Dec 2017 Online Application Form?



Read the steps given below carefully and follow them while you apply CSIR Online:



First of all please visit the official website of CSIR”. (As soon as official will release the information about CSIR NET Dec 2017 Exam, the official page for Online Application will also be updated)


Click on the link “Apply Online”.


CSIR Online Application Form will open.


Fill the CSIR NET online form very carefully with all relevant details asked.


You will need to download Bank Challan Performa. Download it and fill it carefully.


Then deposit requisite fee as explained above.


After filling the complete details, preview and recheck the CSIR Application form 2017.


If you find everything perfect, then hit the “Submit” button.


After CSIR NET online form submission, a system generated Application Number will be assigned to you.


Take the printout of submitted CSIR NET application form and also get a photocopy of the same.


Place your recent black & white photograph, and signature at the required places on the hard copy of CSIR NET online application form.


Attach all the important certificates with CSIR form and send along with CSIR marked copy of fee deposited Bank Challan on or before the last date to the following address:


Deputy Secretary (Exams), Examination Unit,


Human Resource Development Group, CSIR Complex,


Opposite Institute of Hotel Management, Library Avenue,


Pusa (New Delhi)


PIN – 110012


You have to send the CSIR application form in an envelope with “Application for Joint CSIR-UGC Test for JRF & LS (NET), December 2017” and, Subject Code, Online Generated Application Number, Centre code & Medium of Exam Code (1 for Hindi or 2 for English) mentioned at the top.




What Are The Essentials That Should Be Kept With You Before Applying For CSIR NET Online?



To avoid mistakes at the time of filling CSIR NET Form you are advised to keep the following information/ codes ready with yourself:



A. Subjects


Subject List


S. No. Subject Subject Code Name Subject Code No.
1. Chemical Sciences CHE 01
2. Earth Sciences ERT 02
3. Life Sciences LIF 03
4. Mathematical Sciences MAT 04
5. Physical Sciences PHY 05




(1) Chemical Sciences


S. No. Specialization Subject Name Specialization Subject Code
1. Analytical Chemistry 101
2. Inorganic Chemistry 102
3. Organic Chemistry 103
4. Physical Chemistry 104
5. Others 105



(2) Earth Sciences


S. No. Specialization Subject Name Specialization Subject Code
1. Geology 201
2. Geophysics 202
3. Meteorology 203
4. Oceanography 204
5. Physical Geography 205
6. Others 206



(3) Life Sciences


S. No. Specialization Subject Name Specialization Subject Code
1. Biochemistry 301
2. Biodiversity and Taxonomy 302
3. Biotechnology 303
4. Botany 304
5. Genetics 305
6. Microbiology 306
7. Physiology 307
8. Zoology 308
9. Others 309



(4) Mathematical Sciences


S. No. Specialization Subject Name Specialization Subject Code
1. Applied Mathematics 401
2. Pure Mathematics 402
3. Statistics 403
4. Others 404



Want to Discover the Best in Your Preparation Plan? Grab Here FREE CSIR Study Stuffs and Expert guidance!!



 (5) Physical Sciences


S. No. Specialization Subject Name Specialization Subject Code
1. Atomic & Molecular Physics 501
2. Classical Dynamics 502
3. Condensed Matter Physics 503
4. Electromagnetics 504
5. Experimental Design 505
6. Electronics 506
7. Nuclear & Particle Physics 507
8. Quantum Physics 508
9. Thermodynamics 509
10. Others 510



B. Exam Centres



S. No. Centre Name Centre Code Name Centre Code No.
1. Bangalore BAN 01
2. Bhavnagar BHA 02
3. Bhopal BHO 03
4. Bhubaneswar BHU 04
5. Chandigarh CHA 05
6. Chennai CHE 06
7. Cochin COC 07
8. Delhi DEL 08
9. Guntur GUN 09
10. Guwahati GUW 10
11. Hyderabad HYD 11
12. Imphal IMP 12
13. Jamshedpur JAM 14
14. Jammu JMU 13
15. Jorhat JOR 27
16. Karaikudi KAR 15
17. Kolkata KOL 16
18. Lucknow LUC 17
19. Nagpur NAG 18
20. Pilani PIL 19
21. Pune PUN 20
22. Raipur RAI 21
23. Roorkee ROR 22
24. Srinagar SRI 23
25. Thiruvananathapuram THI 24
26. Udaipur UDA 25
27. Varanasi VAR 26



C. Date of Birth



While filling your particulars in the CSIR application form, you need to enter your date of birth.


Make sure you enter the same date which is mentioned in your documents.



D. Relevant certificates and Marks obtained



You need to enter the details of your marks obtained in CSIR online application form. Enter them very carefully.


It is advised to take the certificates and mark sheets with you to avoid any mistake.



E. Challan details



1. Bank name


2. Branch/city name


3. Branch code


4. Journal No.


5. Challan date



F. Passport Size Photo



You have to affix your black & white passport sized photograph at the required place of the hard copy of the online application form.


Therefore keep your 2-3 black & white passport size photographs with you.



G. CSIR Online Application Fee



Category Application Fee
For General Category Candidates Rs. 1000
For OBC (Non-creamy layer) Rs. 500
For SC/ST/PH/VH candidates Rs. 250



Mode of payment: Bank challan from Indian Bank only / from any other Bank through NEFT.


If payment made through NEFT: Take the printout of bank challan and fill in the details. Submit it along with hard copy of CSIR NET form.


Candidates are advised to confirm that their transaction is settled before they carry on with the CSIR Online application process.


If you do CSIR NET online fee payment by any other mode such as IPO / demand draft/money order / CRF stamps, it will not be accepted.


Keep it in your mind that once you pay the fee, it will not be refunded or adjusted for any subsequent examination.



Important Instructions



Important Instruction to be followed for filling CSIR Application Form



You should first of all satisfy yourself by knowing the CSIR Eligibility Criteria that whether you are applicable for applying CSIR online or not.


You should submit only one CSIR online form filled with valid details.


You are advised not to submit dummy applications details with same challan number. If you do the same, it will be treated as a case of “multiple application” and will result in rejection of both the applications.


After filling the complete valid details you should preview the entire CSIR NET online application form before final submission.


You will not be able to make changes in the CSIR NET application form once its final submission has been done.


You should submit the application within 30 minutes, as the session will be expired and you will need to fill the Application Form again.


You should send the CSIR form in the same format as given on the website.


You should not use any other tool as a word, excel, etc. to make changes in the downloaded application form regarding its size, font, etc.


The CSIR application form should be directly printed on a4 size paper as per the website specifications.


Only paper clips should be used to attach documents. You should not staple the documents along with CSIR UGC NET online application form.


Photocopy of the hard copy of the submitted CSIR online application should be kept with you for future reference. You will need it for downloading CSIR NET Admit Card.




Have You Registered Successfully? – Check Your Registration Status



After filling the CSIR NET application form for CSIR NET Dec 2017 Exam, CSIR NET aspirants can check their registration status officially.


See below the process with the help of which you can check your status:-


Step 1: Log on to the official website of CSIR following the link http://csirhrdg.res.in/


Step 2: From the Home page follow the notification “Registration Status NET Exam Dec-2017”.


Step 3: You can see a page as shown below:


csir net registration status step1



Step 4: Click on “Server” as shown on the page.


Step 5: A page showing “Registration status of candidates for the Joint CSIR-UGC NET Examination” will open.


Step 6: Click on “Applied through On-Line Application”.


Step 7: A page showing “Status of provisionally Registered Candidates” will be opened on your computer screens.


Step 8: Fill the necessary details asked there. And “Submit” it. You can see your status of registering for the exam through the online application.




Add More Remark to Your Preparation!! Get FREE Mock Test Series & Practice Sets!!



Now you have completed the process of filing the CSIR NET online application form. Now your next step should be preparing smartly for the exam. Take reference from the following:


CSIR NET Syllabus


CSIR NET Preparation Tips


CSIR Previous Year Paper



Did you find the article beneficial?


If yes, please do share it with your friends. Your queries and suggestions are awaited. Feel free to comment them below.


Be always connected with us via our social media channels:







All the Best 


Thank you 



Share This Post

Expert advise guide for exam preparation
Like the Post? Subscribe to Eduncle Blog

Even if you don't visit eduncle.com on a regular basis, you can get the latest posts and updates delivered to you for free via Email.

8    +   5   =  

46 thoughts on “CSIR Online Application Form 2017 for UGC NET/JRF Exam | Apply Online

  1. vijay

    how to apply for net jan2017

    • Eduncle Team

      Hello Vijay,

      Greetings from Eduncle!

      Thanks for sharing your query with us!

      The CBSE UGC NET Jul 2017 Exam, the online application will tentatively start from April first week. The official notification for the Jul 2017 NET Exam is yet to be released by the official sources.

      Kindly get the complete procedure regarding the UGC NET Online Application Process at Eduncle!

      Stay connected @ Eduncle for latest updates on UGC NET Exam!

      Kind Regards,
      Eduncle Team

  2. Arti


    Can i make an online payment for csir net 2017?


    • Eduncle Team

      Hello Arti,

      Greetings from Eduncle!

      Thanks for sharing your query with us!

      No, you cannot make the fee payment through any other mode other than the Bank Challan. It is clearly stated in the official notification – Candidates applying for the Test may deposit their Examination fee, after verifying their eligibility, in any branch of the Indian Bank throughout the country by paying the following fee in cash through bank challan OR through RTGS/NEFT. Please note that Fee submitted by any other mode like money order, demand draft, IPO etc. will be summarily rejected

      It is advisable to apply as per the guidelines and procedure mentioned for the CSIR NET Exam Online Application Procedure!

      Kindly revert with your queries!

      Kind Regards.
      Eduncle Team

    • Babu

      No madam
      It’s not possible
      You pay only near Indian Bank


    i,m a b.pharma final year student.
    am i eligible for this exam?

    • Eduncle Team

      Hello Anjana,

      Greetings from Eduncle!

      Thank you for sharing your query with us!

      Yes, Anjana you can confidently apply for CSIR UGC NET Exam June 2017. Kindly apply before 8th March’2017.

      Get complete details regarding how to apply online for CSIR UGC NET Exam on Eduncle!

      Kindly revert with your queries!

      All the Best for your future learning endeavours!

      Kind Regards,
      Eduncle Team

  4. praveen toraty

    im unable to apply for csir net 2017.. its showing “404 not found” if i click on apply online in the website..
    how to do please help me

    • Eduncle Team

      Hello Praveen,

      Greetings from Eduncle!

      Thanks for sharing your query with us!

      Kindly refresh your browser memory and delete the cookies. Also, ensure that the details that you have entered in the application form are correct and in sync with the specified guidelines.

      Sometimes due to server traffic and too many people logging in at the same time, result in some technical errors. Also, make sure you take precautions while uploading the Bank Challan and while entering other fee details.

      Relax and calm down and apply with ease! You still have ample time to apply for CSIR NET June 2017 Exam!

      Kindly revert with your queries!

      Kind Regards,
      Eduncle Team

  5. Parveen

    It was mentioned that if you paid through NEFT, take print out of bank challan and fill up all the details and send along with the application form.. If i paid through NEFT, so what is the need of challan, please explain in details, I’m confused

    • Eduncle Team

      Hello Parveen,

      Greetings from Eduncle!

      Thanks for sharing your query with us!

      If any candidates makes the CSIR NET Exam fee payment through NEFT mode, then he has to mention the transaction details in the prescribed bank challan format and attach the same with the hard copy of the online application form.

      Kindly get complete details regarding the CSIR NET Online Application Process @Eduncle!

      Kindly read the instructions and guidelines properly before applying for the CSIR NET Exam!

      All the best and apply with a calm mind!

      Kind Regards,
      Eduncle Team

  6. Anupama V

    Hello Eduncle,
    I need some clarification about the payment of fees for CSIR NET June 2017. I remitted the fees online through NEFT to Indian Bank, West Patel Nagar Branch,New Delhi. Now I am a little confused whether what I did was right. Because the application form need be a sent with a Bank Challan with requires the seal & signature of the depositing bank which is not possible in my case since I have paid it through online NEFT. Or shall I just download the bank challan( given in CSIR site) fill in the details of Online NEFT & then sent it.
    Waiting for your reply
    Thanks in advance

    • Eduncle Team

      Hello Anupama,

      Greetings from Eduncle!

      Thanks for sharing your query with us!

      Kindly take the print out of the Application Form and also the Bank Challan. As you had made the payment through the NEFT process, kindly mention the required details in the Bank Challan and all the details to the CSIR NET authorities.

      Please visit the following blog for more details – https://scoop.eduncle.com/csir-net-online-application-form

      All the Best for your future learning endeavours!

      Kindly revert if you need any assistance!

      Kind Regards,
      Eduncle Team

  7. Raghav

    What are the documents that needs to be submitted,apart from the application form and caste certificate?
    Do i need to submit my documents hslc onwards?

  8. Pooja Mittal

    Hello Eduncle,
    I have paid the Net exam fees through Imps. So I want to know whether it will be accepted or not. PLZ REPLY ASAP.

    • Eduncle Team

      Hello Pooja,

      Greetings from Eduncle!

      Thanks for sharing your query with us!

      It is clearly defined in the official notification that – Mode of payment of fee is Bank challan from Indian Bank only or from any other bank through NEFT. In case candidates make payment through NEFT they will have to take printout of bank challan and fill in the details and submit it alongwith hard copy of online application. Such candidates should confirm that their transaction is settled before applying online.

      Fee submitted through any other mode viz.IPO, /demand draft/money order/ CRF stamp etc will not be accepted. Fee once paid will neither be adjusted for any subsequent examination nor refunded under any circumstances.

      You are left with no option but to apply again.

      All the Best and be Careful while applying online!

      Kind Regards,
      Eduncle Team

  9. Smita

    Hlw eduncle…
    I want to know that, what enclousers I need to send with hardcopy of online application form except Bank challan. Earlier they asked for M.Sc marksheet. ..but this time no information given about that. ..so I m confused. ..whether I have to send it or not…plz answer me asap. …Thank you..

  10. phani

    what is journal no if i paid fee through neft

  11. priya

    hello Eduncle
    i did some mistake in csir net online registration… can i again fill the form..?

    • Eduncle Team

      Hello Priya,

      Greetings from Eduncle!

      Thanks for sharing your query with us!

      There is no provision for making correction to the submitted online application forms for CSIR NET Exam. You have to feed the information with utmost care and verify the information before submitting the form with the available option of Preview.

      Kindly follow the guidelines strictly for hassle free submission of applications. Better Luck next time.

      Kind Regards,
      Eduncle Team

  12. Mvrajan

    respected sir,
    I was try to pay the exam fees in Bank but I not able to pay the fees. i request you to please change the mode of payment to internet banking. If it is changed so many people are will be utilized.
    thank you.

    • Eduncle Team

      Hello MV Rajan,

      Greetings from Eduncle!

      Thanks for sharing your query with us!

      The official authorities have decided and found this way as the most feasible ones for making online fee payments. You can make online payment through Bank Challan from Indian Bank or through RTGS/NEFT. Payment made through any other mode will not be accepted.

      Kindly follow the guidelines prescribed by the concerned authorities for hassle free process.

      Kind Regards,
      Eduncle Team

  13. Mvrajan

    sir any possibilty to extend the fees payment date.

    • Eduncle Team

      Hello MV Rajan,

      Greetings from Eduncle!

      Thanks for sharing your queries with us!

      The last date for applying for Joint CSIR UGC NET JRF Exam June 2017 have been extended to 15-Mar-2017. Kindly get all the details regarding the last date to send the completely online application forms to CSIR NET authorities @ Eduncle!

      Get all the updates and notifications related to CSIR NET Online Application first @ Eduncle!

      Kindly revert with your queries!

      Kind Regards,
      Eduncle Team

  14. affankhan

    I have post my form in A4 envlop so i want know whether it will be execepted or not

    • Eduncle Team

      Hello Affan,

      Greetings from Eduncle!

      Thanks for sharing your query with us!

      As stated in the official notification, you need to send the duly filled in application form print out with your recent black and white photograph affixed, and your signature at the desired places and the bank challan; all these held together in an envelope of 5″*11″

      It is always advisable to follow the defined guideline strictly.

      All the Best!

      Kind Regards,
      Eduncle Team

  15. Kaushal

    Hello Sir,
    I need more clarity on fees transfer via NEFT. I understood the process you have specified previously in this blog, but one point not clear to me is regarding ‘Deposit Journal no.’ What will I be putting here when doing fee transfer via NEFT. Please reply on urgent basis.

    • Eduncle Team

      Hello Kaushal,

      Greetings from Eduncle,

      Thanks for sharing your query with us!

      Kaushal, as you had paid the fess through NEFT mode, on successful completion of the process the UTR (Unique Transaction Number) will be generated, which you have to mention in the field – Deposit Journal No.

      All the Best for the Exam! Kindly revert with your doubts!

      Kind Regards,
      Eduncle Team

      • Kaushal

        Hello Sir,

        I was informed by the ICICI bank that with NEFT transaction a reference number is generated, but Unique transaction reference (16 alphanumeric digits) is only generated with RTGS transactions.

        Also would like to know in challan which bank name, branch code and branch name of the bank will be used:
        1)Bank from where NEFT done (in my case this is ICICI)
        2)Indian bank, west patel nagar, new Delhi


        • Eduncle Team

          Hello Kaushal,

          Greetings from Eduncle!

          Thanks for sharing your query with us!

          You need to mention the Bank Name and other details (Journal Number or the 9 digit number generated after successful transaction) from the bank fromw here you have done the NEFT transaction.

          Kindly revert with you queries!

          Kind Regards,
          Eduncle Team

  16. monica

    please help me know, what are the documents to be sent along with the hard copy of online application form, any certificates as such should we send???

    • Eduncle Team

      Hello Monica,

      Greetings from Eduncle!

      Thanks for sharing your query with us!

      After successfully applying online for CSIR NET Exam, you need to send the duly filled in application form printed copy along with the Bank Challan. If you belong to SC, ST, OBC or PWD Category, you need to submit the attested photocopy of the caste certificate and related documents in case of PWD Candidates.

      All the Best for your CSIR NET Exam preparations!

      Kind Regards,
      Eduncle Team

  17. Tajamul Islam

    Hello sir,
    With warm wishes and high regards, I submitted my online application form of net 2017 on due date but unfortunately I couldn’t submit its hard copy via speed Post on its due date (14/03/3017) due to some kind of trouble. Please suggest me needful favour.
    Thank you
    Best regards

    • Eduncle Team

      Hello Tajamul,

      Greetings from Eduncle!

      Thanks for sharing your query with us!

      You can send in the hard copy of the application form, along with bank challan and other documents by 21-Mar-2017 (For other than remote areas) and for remote areas it is 28th Mar-2017.

      Hurry up and send in the application soon!

      All the Best for your future learning endeavours!

      Kind Regards,
      Eduncle Team

  18. Sija

    hi.. am an mtech graduate in Computer science and am i eligible to apply for CSIR NET. And may i know about the notifications for CBSE Net

    • Eduncle Team

      Hello Sija,

      Greetings from Eduncle!

      Thanks for sharing your query with us!

      You are eligible to take the CSBE UGC NET Exam in Computer Science. For the official notification regarding the June ‘2017 exam, the official sources have not announced the release date for the exam.

      Kindly Stay tuned @Eduncle for all latest updates and news regarding CBSE UGC NET Exam.

      Kind Regards,
      Eduncle Team

  19. tanima

    I have checked the csir website regularly since 16th May 2017 and the registration status for the june 2017 net has not been shown. Can you please tell me if this is normal or the registration status has been shown and my computer is having problems accessing the updated version of the website.

    • Eduncle Team

      Hello Tanima,

      Greetings from Eduncle!

      Thanks for sharing your query with us!

      The online application process for CSIR NET Exam June 2017 exam ended on 24th March 2017. You can now not apply for the CSIR NET Exam June session. Kindly wait and invest more in preparations for the December 2017 CSIR NET Exam session.

      Kind Regards,
      Eduncle Team

  20. tanima

    I have already applied for June net exam 2017. I was asking about the registration status to whether I have registered for the June net exam. The csir website was supposed to publish that on 16 May but I still cannot see the link to check the registration status for the exam . So can please tell if the link for the registration status ( not the link to apply for the exam) has been posted on the csir site.

    • Eduncle Team

      Hello Tanima,

      Greetings from Eduncle!

      Thanks for sharing your query with us!

      Yes, as per the next scheduled event, CSIR officials had to upload the list of successfully registered candidates for the CSIR NET June 2017 Exam. But due to some undisclosed reasons the data could not be uploaded for reference.

      Today the website has issued another notification where the registered candidates have to upload their Passport Photo and signature. The candidates will be notified individually regarding the end date to submit the details.

      Kind Regards,
      Eduncle Team

  21. Sriradha

    Sir I uploaded colour pic instead of black and white Picture yesterday. Will my candidature get cancelled?

    • Eduncle Team

      Hello Sriradha,

      Greetings from Eduncle!

      Thanks for sharing your query with us!

      It is clearly mentioned in the instructions that you have to upload the same picture which you have used earlier while filling the online application form. And the same was also mentioned in bold while applying online for CSIR NET Exam, that candidates need to use only recent black and white photograph.

      Kindly try to resubmit your details. This negligence may lead to disqualification of your candidature to appear for the test.

      All the Best!

      Kind Regards,
      Eduncle Team

  22. tanima

    Can you please tell me if the csir net june 2017 admit card is available yet?

    • Eduncle Team

      Hello Tanima,

      Greetings from Eduncle!

      Thanks for sharing your query with us!

      The admit cards for CSIR NET exam June 2017 are awaited. No official announcement has been made so far in this regard. Stay tuned with us for the latest news and updates regarding CSIR NET Exam.

      Kind Regards,
      Eduncle Team

  23. Vinay patel

    Hello, sir I have done B. Tech electronics and communication engineering. Can I am eligible for CSIR NET

    • Eduncle Team

      Hello Vinay,
      Greetings from Eduncle!
      To appear in UGC NET Exam, you must have a PG Degree in Electronics & Comm and then you can appear in the UGC NET Electronic Science Exam.
      Hope the above information will be helpful to you. For more queries, please feel free to ask!
      Thanks for asking your query with us!
      Kind Regards,
      Eduncle Team

Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published.

8   +   5   = 

You may use these HTML tags and attributes: <a href="" title=""> <abbr title=""> <acronym title=""> <b> <blockquote cite=""> <cite> <code> <del datetime=""> <em> <i> <q cite=""> <strike> <strong>