Eduncle posted an Article
May 11, 2022 • 16:53 pm

CSIR JRF vs DBT JRF Exam - Which is a Best Option?


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CSIR (Council of Scientific and Industrial Research) and DBT (Department of Biotechnology) are the two reputed organizations responsible for conducting the JRF Exam.

Candidates who are planning to avail JRF through any of these two exams are always surrounded with these kind of questions:

Which JRF is better: DBT or CSIR?

Can a candidate get both the CSIR NET and the DBT scholarship?

What are the differences between CSIR JRF NET and DBT JRF BET Exam?

Obviously, you have to be sure about your choice and you want to choose the best one.

So, to answer these questions and make you take the right decision, we have come up with this article.

We have differentiated between CSIR NET and DBT JRF Exam in detail. After reading this article you will surely know which JRF to choose.

But before checking their difference, first read about the CSIR NET and DBT JRF Exams in brief.




Difference in Eligibility

No. of Subjects/ Branches

Exam Pattern of CSIR and DBT JRF Exams

Difference Between Junior Research Fellowships

Contingency Grant



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CSIR JRF NET Exam is conducted by NTA (National Testing Agency) for the candidates who want to choose Junior Research Fellowship (JRF) or Lectureship (LS) as their career option. The exam is conducted twice a year in the months of June and December.

Candidates can take the NTA CSIR NET Exam for both JRF and Lectureship or only for Lectureship but cannot take this exam only for Junior Research Fellowship (JRF).



About DBT JRF Exam


DBT JRF also known as DBT BET JRF Exam is conducted by DBT (Department of Biotechnology) for the candidates who want to choose JRF (Junior Research Fellowship) after their post-graduation degree.

In this exam, two lists will be released:

Category I - Candidates will be eligible to obtain PhD fellowship in Biotechnology and Life Sciences programs at a reputed Institute of India.

Category II - Candidates will be eligible to be appointed in a project of DBT and will receive a fellowship that will be equal to NET/GATE.

The DBT JRF 2022 Exam will be conducted in April 2022. For more details regarding this exam, you can visit here - DBT BET JRF 2022.

Now, you are going to read about the major differences between CSIR NET and DBT JRF Exam.



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CSIR JRF vs DBT JRF - Difference in Eligibility


For every exam, there are certain conditions that a candidate has to satisfy in order to appear in the exam. So, below are the differences in eligibility conditions of the CSIR NET and DBT JRF 2022 Exam.



CSIR JRF Exam Eligibility Criteria


Degree/ Qualifications:


Integrated BS-MS

BS-4 Years




Any Equivalent Degree


Minimum Percentage:

For General & OBC Candidates - 55%

For SC/ST/PwD Candidates - 50%

You can check detailed CSIR NET Eligibility Criteria here.



DBT JRF Exam Eligibility Criteria


Degree/ Qualifications:



M.V.Sc. or Equivalent Degree

Integrated BS-MS

B.E./ B.Tech. in any discipline of Biotechnology, M.Sc./ M.Tech. Bioinformatics/ Computational Biology,

Students admitted under DBT supported Postgraduate Teaching Programs

M.Sc. Life Science/ Bioscience/ Zoology/ Botany/ Microbiology/ Biochemistry/ Biophysics

Masters in Allied areas of Biology/Life Sciences


Minimum Percentage:

For General & OBC Candidates - 55%

For SC/ST/PwD Candidates - 50%



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CSIR JRF vs DBT JRF - No. of Subjects/ Branches


CSIR JRF and DBT JRF are conducted in several numbers of subjects/ branches. Candidates can choose any of them according to their areas of interest. So, below we have provided the list of subjects or branches of CSIR JRF and DBT JRF Exam.





The exam is conducted in 5 subjects namely:

Life Sciences

Chemical Sciences

Earth Sciences

Mathematical Sciences

​​​​​​​Physical Sciences

One common section will also be included as Part A of each subject which is General Aptitude. You can check the syllabus of all these subjects including General Aptitude here - CSIR NET Syllabus 2022.



DBT BET JRF Branches


The DBT JRF Exam consists of two parts: Part A - Aptitude & General Biotechnology which is a common section and Part B consists of Specialized Branches in Biotechnology. This is quite similar to the CSIR JRF Exam.

The specialized branches of this exam include:

​​​​​​​Agricultural Biotechnology

​​​​​​​Animal Biotechnology

​​​​​​​Bioinformatics & Computational Biology

​​​​​​​Environmental Biotechnology

​​​​​​​Marine Biotechnology, etc.

You can check the complete list of branches along with their syllabus here.


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CSIR JRF vs DBT BET JRF - Exam Pattern


The exam pattern of these two exams are quite different. You can check the latest exam pattern of both these exams below.


CSIR NET Question Paper consists of three parts: Part A, B, C.

​​​​​​​Part A is common for all the subjects which is General Aptitude.

​​​​​​​Part B is a subject-specific section.

​​​​​​​Part C is also a subject-specific section but has high level of questions compared to Part B.

​​​​​​​Duration of this exam is 3 hours.

​​​​​​​This exam is conducted in Computer Based Test (CBT) mode.

​​​​​​​Exam will be of 200 marks.


DBT BET Exam consists of two sections: Section A and B.

​​​​​​​Section A is a common section consists of Aptitude and General Biotechnology questions.

​​​​​​​Section B consists of questions from specific areas of Biotechnology.

​​​​​​​Duration of this exam is also 3 hours.

​​​​​​​Mode of this exam is Computer Based Test (CBT).

​​​​​​​Total 200 questions will be asked and candidates have to attempt 100 questions out of it.

​​​​​​​This exam will be of 300 marks.



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CSIR NET or DBT BET - Difference Between Fellowships


Here we will talk about the fellowship details one can get after clearing these exams.



CSIR Junior Research Fellowship


Candidates who appear in the CSIR NET Exam has an advantage over DBT JRF aspirants. The fellowships offered to the CSIR aspirants are from CSIR and UGC both. So, the no. of fellowships are more in numbers.

Candidates can go for fellowship in any University, Colleges, Institutes. They can even go for JRF in private institutes.

The fellowship amount of Rs. 31,000 per month will be provided to the candidates for the 1st 2 years and then Rs. 35,000 per month for the next 3 years.



DBT Junior Research Fellowship


The DBT Junior Research Fellowship are categorized in two fellowships category:

​​​​​​​1St Category - In this category, 275 fellowships are offered in any Research Universities and Institutions. But to get the fellowship, candidates have to register for PhD program.

​​​​​​​2nd Category - In this category, no fellowships are offered but there will be a merit list of 100 students who will join the DBT funded external projects in India. To get fellowship under this category, candidates can avail from the project that they have joined. Registration for PhD is not mandatory under this category.

The fellowship amount for DBT JRF is Rs. 25,000 per month + HRA.



CSIR JRF NET vs DBT JRF - Contingency Grant


Candidates who will appear in these exams can also avail contingency for their PhD research work.

CSIR JRF - Amount of Rs. 20,000/year is provided to a research fellow.

DBT JRF - Amount of Rs. 30,000/year is provided to a research fellow.



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So, these all were the major differences between CSIR JRF NET and DBT JRF Exam. Hope you are now clear about these exams and the fellowships that are offered after clearing these exams.

Share this article with your friends so that they should also know about the difference.

If you have any queries/doubts regarding this article, then you can share it in the comments section below.

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Thank You!




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