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Mansi @Eduncle posted an Article
July 11, 2019 • 12:17 pm

Active and Passive Voice Rules, Example, Exercise for Competitive Exam

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Active and Passive Voice Rules with Examples

To get triumph in Competitive Exams candidates need to score well in every section of the exam paper. There are certain topics which are common in every Competitive Exam. A candidate must be having a good command on such topics to get a good rank.

English has now been an essential part of every competitive exam and grammar is its core. In this blog, we will talk about Active and Passive Voice.

In Active Voice, a sentence emphasizes subject performing an action while in Passive Voice sentence emphasizes the action or the object of the sentence.

To know how a sentence is converted in Passive voice from Active voice, we need to go through certain rules with examples based on it.

 

 

Active and Passive Voice Rules for All Tenses

 

Here, we are listing out the Active and Passive Voice Rules for all tenses. You will come to know how an auxiliary verb is used to change a sentence from Active to Passive voice.

 

Active and Passive Voice Rules for Present Simple Tense

 

Here in this table, we are elaborating Rules of Active and Passive Voice with examples for Present Simple.

 

Active Voice

Passive Voice

(Auxiliary Verb – is/am/are)

Subject + V1+s/es+ object

Object+ is/am/are+ V3+ by + subject

Subject + Do/does+ not + V1 + Object

Object + is/am/are+ not + V3+ by Subject

Does+ Subject+ V1+Object+?

Is/am/are + Object+ V3+ by subject +?

 

Active and Passive Voice Example with Answers of Present Simple Tense

 

Active: He reads a novel.

Passive: A novel is read.

 

Active: He does not cook food.

Passive: Food is not cooked by him.

 

Active: Does he purchase books?

Passive: Are books purchased by him?

 

Active: They grow plants.

Passive: Plants are grown by them.

 

Active: She teaches me.

Passive: I am taught by her.

 

 

Active and Passive Voice Rules for Present Continuous Tense

 

Below we will explain the Rules of Active and Passive Voice with examples for Present Continuous tense.

 

Active Voice

Passive Voice

(Auxiliary Verb- is/am/are + being)

Subject + is/am/are+ v1+ ing + object

Object+ is/am/are+ being+ V3+ by + subject

Subject + is/am/are+ not+ v1+ ing+ object

Object + is/am/are+ not + being+V3+ by Subject

Is/am/are+ subject+v1+ing + object+?

Is/am/are + Object+ V3+ by subject +?

 

Active and Passive Voice Exercises of Present Continuous Tense

 

Active: Esha is singing a song.

Passive: A song is being sung by Esha.

 

Active: Kritika is not chopping vegetables.

Passive: Vegetables are not being chopped by Kritika.

 

Active: Is Ritika buying a table?

Passive: Is a table being bought by Ritika?

 

Active: They are serving poor people.

Passive: Poor people are being served by them.

 

Active: She is disturbing Dinesh.

Passive: Dinesh is being disturbed by her.

 

Active and Passive Voice Rules for Present Perfect Tense

 

You can understand passive voice for present perfect tense from the list which are given below.

Active Voice

Passive Voice

(Auxiliary Verb- has/have +been)

Subject + has/have+ v3+ object

Object+ has/have+ been+ V3+ by + subject

Subject + has/have+ not+ v3+ object

Object + has/have+ not + been+V3+ by Subject

Has/have+ subject+ v3 + object+?

Has/Have + Object+ been+V3+ by subject +?

 

Active and Passive Voice Example with Answers of Present Perfect Tense

 

Active: Nitesh has challenged her.

Passive: She has been challenged by Nitesh.

 

Active: Radhika has not written an article.

Passive: An article has not been written by Radhika.

 

Active: Have they left the apartment?

Passive: Has apartment been left by them?

 

Active: She has created this masterpiece.

Passive: This masterpiece has been created by her.

 

Active: I have read the newspaper.

Passive: The newspaper has been read by me.

 

Suggested Reads-

Direct and Indirect Speech

One word Substitution

Idioms & Phrases

 

Active and Passive Voice Rules for Past Simple Tense

 

Here in the below table, you can check Active and Passive Voice Rules for past simple tense.

 

Active Voice

Passive Voice

(Auxiliary Verb- was/were)

Subject + V2+ object

Object+ was/were V3+ by + subject

Subject +did+ not+v1+ object

Object + was/were+ not +V3+ by Subject

Did+ subject+V1+ object+?

Was/were + Object+ V3+ by subject +?

 

Active and Passive Voice Exercises of Past Simple Tense

 

Active:  Reema cleaned the floor.

Passive: The floor was cleaned by Reema.

 

Active: Aisha bought a bicycle.

Passive: A bicycle was bought by Aisha.

 

Active: Naman called my friends.

Passive: My friends were called by Naman.

 

Active: I saved him.

Passive: He was saved by me.

 

Active: Miraya paid the bills.

Passive: The bills were paid by Miraya.

 

Active and Passive Voice Rules for Past Continuous Tense

 

We can easily convert sentences from Active to Passive Voice according to given rules below.

 

Active Voice

Passive Voice

(Auxiliary Verb- was/were + being)

Subject + was/were + v1+ing+ object.

Object+ was/were +being+V3+ by + subject

Subject +was/were+ not+v1+ing + object

Object + was/were+ not +being+V3+ by Subject

Was/were+ Subject + V1+ing + object+?

Was/were + Object+ being+v3+ by+ subject+?

 

Active and Passive Voice Examples with Answers of Past Continuous Tense

 

Active: Nitika was painting the wall.

Passive: The wall was being painted by Nitika.

 

Active: Manish was repairing the car.

Passive: The car was being repaired by Manish.

 

Active: Were you reciting the poem?

Passive: Was the poem being recited?

 

Active: She was baking the cake.

Passive: The cake was being baked by her.

 

Active: She was watching me.

Passive: I was being watched by her.

 

Active and Passive Voice Rules for Past Perfect Tense

 

There are certain Active and Passive Voice Rules for Past perfect tense, with these only you can convert any sentence in Passive Voice.

 

Active Voice

Passive Voice

(Auxiliary Verb- had +been)

Subject + had + v3+ object.

Object+ had+been +V3+ by + subject

Subject +had+ not+v3+ object

Object + had+ not +been+V3+ by Subject

Had+ Subject + V3+ object+?

Had + Object+ been+v3+ by+ subject+?

 

Active and Passive Voice Exercises of Past Perfect Tense

 

Active: Misha had cleaned the floor.

Passive: The floor had been cleaned by Misha.

 

Active: Vidhi had not received the parcel.

Passive: The parcel had not been received by Vidhi.

 

Active: Vishal had solved the doubt.

Passive: The doubt had been solved.

 

Active: Had they caught the thief?

Passive: Had the thief been caught by them?

 

Active: I had paid fifty thousand.

Passive: Fifty thousand had been paid by me.

 

Active and Passive Voice Rules for Future Simple Tense

 

You can check Active Voice and Passive Voice Rules chart for future simple tense.

 

Active Voice

Passive Voice

(Auxiliary Verb- will+ be)

Subject + will+ v1+ object.

Object+ will+ be +V3+ by + subject

Subject +will + not+ V1+object

Object + will+ not +be+V3+ by Subject

Will+ Subject + V1+ object+?

Will + Object+ be +v3+ by+ subject+?

 

We can better understand Rules of Active and Passive Voice with examples for future simple tense.

 

Active and Passive Voice Examples with Answers of Future Simple Tense

 

Active: Kriya will sew the bag.

Passive: The bag will be sewed by Kriya.

 

Active: Disha will not arrange the things.

Passive: The things will not be arranged by Disha.

 

Active: Will you mop the floor?

Passive: Will the floor be mopped by you?

 

Active: They will post the letter.

Passive: The letter will be posted.

 

Active: Reena will save money.

Passive: Money will be saved by Reena.

 

Active and Passive Voice Rules for Future Perfect Tense

 

Here, we are sharing the Active Voice and Passive Voice Rules chart for future perfect tense.

 

Active Voice

Passive Voice

Subject + will+ have +v3+ object.

Object+ will+ have+ been +V3+ by + subject

Subject + will+ have +not+v3+ object.

Object + will+ have +not+been+v3+ subject

Will+ Subject+have+v3+ object+?

Will + object+have+been+v3+by +subject+?

 

Active and Passive Voice Exercises of Future Perfect Tense

 

Active: They will have brought the toy.

Passive: The toy will have been brought by them.

 

Active: Nimesh will not have changed the table cover.

Passive: The table cover will not have been changed by Nimesh.

 

Active: Will she have written the notes.

Passive: Will the notes have been written by her?

 

Active: They will have won the match.

Passive: The match will have been won by them.

 

Active: Vijay will have washed a shirt.

Passive: A shirt will have been washed by Vijay.

 

There is no Passive Voice formation for these tenses-

1.) Present Perfect Continuous Tense

2.) Past Perfect Continuous Tense

3.) Future Perfect Continuous Tense

4.) Future Continuous Tense

 

So, Candidates, now you must have got all the information for making changes in a sentence with Active and Passive Voice Rules of all tenses. Practice set and examples of Active and Passive Voice will help you to clear the fundamentals and score well in competitive exams.

Remember, every topic counts. If you find the information useful and worth sharing, must share it with your friends.

 

If you want to ask something about the topic, please comment in the given section below.

 

 

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