Eduncle posted an Article
July 14, 2023 • 18:02 pm

UGC NET Geography 2023 Syllabus, Books, Papers & Notes

Geography is a subject which covers things about the Environment, Nature & Society. It helps people to know the updated information of the physical features of the earth, distribution of populations and resources and political and economic activities, etc.

If you are a Geography student and wish to make your career in this field, then National Eligibility Test is the most worth-while career option after pursuing PG.

Through this, you can become a lecturer, researcher, a senior employee of a highly reputed government or private organization. So, if you want to appear in this exam, then you must check the complete detail about UGC NET 2023 Geography Exam.

Here in this blog, we have covered the detailed information of the UGC NET Geography Exam. You must check all this information and prepare accordingly.

Career Scopes After UGC NET Geography 

Eligibility for UGC NET Geography 

UGC NET Geography Exam Pattern

NET Geography Syllabus 

Study Material for UGC NET Geography 

Tips to Crack UGC NET Geography 2023

Geography Sample Questions for 2023 Exam

UGC NET Frequently Asked Questions



Get Free UGC NET Study Plan & Boost your Learning



6 Amazing Career Scopes after UGC NET Geography 2023


Once you qualify the NTA NET Exam, you will find good career opportunities not only for lectureship or research fellowship but also for well-paid jobs in India’s most reputed organizations.

Let’s find which career scope you can choose after qualifying the National Eligibility Test 2023.

1. Lecturer in any of the UGC Approved Universities

2. Project associate, Project Fellow, Research Fellow, Project Assistant in Geography

3. Latest PSU jobs in companies like – NTPC, ONGC, NMRL, etc.

4. Government jobs (search at UGC NET Recruitment)

5. Doctorate of Philosophy in Geography

6. Tutor for Geography and teach NET aspirants

For these career opportunities, check the below-mentioned eligibility criteria to know whether you are eligible to apply for the NET Exam.




Are You Eligible for UGC NET Geography 2023 Exam? Check Here


Your eligibility will be decided on the basis of two major factors: -

Education Qualification

Age Limit

Below, you can check the details of these 2 factors of UGC NET Eligibility that you are required to fulfil in order to appear for the exam.



Education Qualification


Post-graduation in Geography, Applied Geography, Geo-informatics or any other related subjects.

Your percentage should be according to the following parameters

55% aggregate (General Category) in master’s or equivalent.

50% aggregate (SC/ST/OBC/PWD/Transgenders) in master’s or equivalent.



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Age Limit


If you wish to appear in the 2023 Exam for the award of Junior Research Fellowship (JRF), then your age should not over cross 30 years.

There will be 5 years’ of relaxation for ST/SC/PWD/OBC/Transgenders.

For the post of Assistant Professor (Lecturer), there is no age limit criteria.



UGC NET Geography 2023 Exam Pattern | Updated Marking Scheme


If you are eligible to appear in this exam, then you must know the exam pattern and marking scheme to plan your preparation.

Below, you can get the complete UGC NET Exam Pattern along with the mark distribution for Geography.

The exam will be conducted in two distinct papers – Paper I and Paper-II.

There will be objective type questions in both papers of NTA NET.

UGC NET Paper- I is designed to identify the skill of aspirants in reasoning, deviating thinking, comprehension, teaching and research aptitude. This paper will remain common for all the subjects of the National Eligibility Test.

Paper-II will consist of multiple-choice questions based on the topics of UGC NET Geography.

There will be no negative marking in the 2023 Exam. So, try to attempt as many questions as possible.

The exam will be conducted in a single three-hour duration.

Check the marking scheme from the table given below: –




Number of Questions




50 questions all are compulsory

 3 Hours



100 question all are compulsory



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Which Topics to Priorities to Increase Your Score More in UGC NET 2023 Geography?


To start the UGC NET Geography preparation, you should note down the complete syllabus and curriculum of the exam.

Once you get the complete NET 2023 Syllabus, you should mark all the important topics and their sub-topics wisely.

Check the table given below for the Geography Syllabus –


UGC NET Geography Syllabus – Paper II 






Unit – I



Unit – II



Unit – III



Unit – IV

Geography of Environment


Unit – V

Population and Settlement Geography


Unit – VI

Geography of Economic Activities and Regional Development



Cultural, Social and Political Geography



Geographic Thought



Geographical Techniques



Geography of India



UGC NET Geography Study Material  Recommendations by Experts


If you wish to get a good score in the exam, then you should not compromise with the preparation notes.

The quality UGC NET Study Material includes complete study kit like practice questions, previous papers, syllabus, theory, etc. along with expert guidance, which will help you to prepare best for the exam.

To make sure that you do not leave a single chance to improve your scores in the exam, you should refer the following study material designed by subject experts.




What Strategies Should be Followed to Crack UGC NET Geography 2023?


Exams are sometimes being stressful and overwhelming but, just like everything, there are some hacks (preparation tips) that can help you to overcome this kind of situations, so that you can perform a better.

Following are the tips that you can follow for your UGC NET Geography preparation: -

As you got the detailed information for the complete UGC NET Geography Syllabus & exam pattern, now the next step is to make a strategized NET Exam Study Plan and follow it strictly.

The syllabus of geography is quite long, so it will be beneficial for the candidates to prepare for this exam in advance.

Learn to save time for study. For better time-management, you can save 4 hours daily for paper-2 and 2 hours for paper -1 preparation. Spend morning and day hours for paper-2 and evening and night hours for paper 1.

Before starting your preparation, set a target score based on the UGC NET previous years’ cutoff marks. We advise you to set your target score at least 70 marks (in percentage).

Start from NET Paper-I. Mark all the important topics and keep extra time for them. It gives you a surety to obtain good marks in the exam.

NTA NET Paper-I is to check your time management skills. The paper will consist of only moderate questions. So, try to save your time for Paper-II.

Once you complete the Paper-I preparation, move on to Geography Paper-II. It will examine your deep knowledge of the subject. If you want to clear this part of the exam, then it’s essential to clear the basics of all topics.

Topics like Geomorphology, Climatology, Oceanography are the most important topics to score well in Paper-II.

Boost up your speed & accuracy with the help of UGC NET Mock Tests.

Make some quick notes for memorizing the formulas and short tricks.

Keep practicing regularly. It is important to start practicing on regular basis to improve your weak areas.

Self-analysis is an important part of exam preparation. Solve UGC NET Previous Year Question Papers to analyze yourself.

Be confident & don’t get confused during the exam.



Know what type of questions are asked in the NET exam by solving Last 5 Exams Question Papers. Download Here



UGC NET Geography Sample Questions for 2023 Exam


Here, you will find some UGC NET Geography sample questions that will help you to calculate your preparation level for the exam –


Q.1 In Indian Ocean between 0° - 10° N and 0°-10° S latitudinal zones, the temperature variations is of about-

(A) 3

(B) 2

(C) 1

(D) 0


Q.2 Tropical Evergreen Forests are found in areas having rainfall –

(A) Less than 100 cms

(B) 100 to 200 cms

(C) 200 to 300 cms

(D) More than 300 cms


Q.3 In describing the process of spatial interaction, geographers are most concerned with –

(A) Luten

(B) Dickens

(C) Kuklinski

(D) Freidman


Q.4 The approach that some geographical facts according to Ritter, cannot be explained scientifically, is termed as –

(A) Locational

(B) Ecological

(C) Teleological

(D) Regional


Q.5 Which one of the following countries is devoid of Glossopteris flora?

(A) India

(B) Australia

(C) Norway

(D) South Africa


Q.6 Which one of the following regions is with high ocean water salinity?

(A) Equatorial

(B) Polar

(C) Subtropical

(D) Subpolar


Q.7 Which one of the following total fertility rates are required to maintain the world's existing population?

(A) 4

(B) 1

(C) 2

(D) 2


Q.8 Which one of the following principles denotes K-4 of Christaller's Model of central places?

(A) Market

(B) Transport

(C) Administrative

(D) Economic


Q.9 The concept of Lebensraum became popular in the discipline of Political Geography after the publication of :

(A) Political Geography: World Economy, Nation - State and Locality

(B) Politische Geographic

(C) Making Political Geography

(D) Geographical Pivot of History


Q.10 Which one of the following regions does not constitute the Damodar Valley Region?

(A) Deltaic Plain of Padma River

(B) Deltaic Plain of West Bengal

(C) Palmau Plateau

(D) Chotanagpur Plateau


Q.11 In which one of the following states of India the maximum Teak forest is found?

(A) Madhya Pradesh

(B) Uttar Pradesh

(C) Bihar

(D) Karnataka


Q.12 Which one of the following terms is used to measure the extreme peak in a normal distribution?

(A) Mesokurtic

(B) Skewed

(C) Leptokurtic

(D) Platykurtic


Q.13 Which one of the following process is responsible for the weathering of rocks in a Karst region?

(A) Oxidation

(B) Hydrolysis

(C) Scree formation

(D) Carbonation


Q.14 Given below are two statements, one labelled as Assertion (A) and the other labelled as Reason (R). Select your answer from the code given below:


Assertion (A):

Population growth rate (2001-2011) was high for Bihar as compared to Uttar Pradesh.

Reason (R):

Growth rate of population is the outcome of births minus deaths of a place


(1) Both (A) and (R) are true and (R) is the correct explanation of (A)

(2) Both (A) and (R) are true, but (R) is the not a correct explanation of (A)

(3) (A) is true, but (R) is false

(4) (A) is false, but (R) is true


Q.15 Which one of the following is correct statement for Patna city in Bihar and Kolkata city in West Bengal?

(A) Edge City

(B) Post Industrial City

(C) World City

(D) Primate City



Download UGC NET Mock Test Papers Free PDF



UGC NET Frequently Asked Questions


Here, we have compiled the questions that are frequently asked by students. If you have any query regarding UGC NET 2023 Geography, then you must read the following question. Also, we have covered all the NET Exam related queries of aspirants in our NTA NET FAQ blog, you can refer to it for any National Eligibility Test related information.



Ques.) What are the best books for UGC NET Geography?

Ans.) Below are some best UGC NET Geography books that you can refer to during your NET Exam Preparation.

NET Geography by Shuchi Rastogi.

NTA NET JRF & SET Geography by Arihant Experts.

Trueman'S Geography by A. Magon and B.P. Panigrahi.

Geography of India by Majid Hussain.

Geography (Paper-II) Exam Guide by Indra Kumar Lal.



Start your UGC NET Exam preparation with free study kit designed by Eduncle Experts. Download Now



Ques.) How can I download previous year question papers for UGC NET Geography?

Ans.) At Eduncle, we provide geography previous papers with UGC NET Answer Key. You can easily download them from here.



UGC NET Previous Year’s Solved Papers (Click to Download)

1. June 2021
2. Dec 2020


Dec 2019


June 2019


Dec 2018


July 2018



Ques.) How many marks are required to qualify the NET Geography Exam?

Ans.) As per June 2023 cut-off, you should get at least 99 marks (in percentage) to qualify the JRF & Assistant Professor and 96 marks for Assistant Professor. You can check the category wise cut off from below: -



JRF Cut Off Marks

JRF Total

Assistant Professor Cut Off Marks

Assistant Professor Total




























Ques.) How can I download detailed syllabus for UGC NET Geography?

Ans.) You can get the complete UGC NET Geography Syllabus from here. Refer to this link to free download it now.



Start your NET Exam studies with the updated syllabus and plan your preparation smartly. Download Free PDF Now



We hope that you have found all the important details regarding UGC NET Geography Exam.

If you still have any queries regarding the exam, share it with us in the comment box below. We will try to resolve it as soon as possible.

You can also join India’s No.1 Learning Community for UGC NET, where you will get a doubt solution for all your exam-related queries with the help of experts from all over India. To join the community, you can download the Eduncle app now.


Thank You!!



Showing 1 comments out of 1
  • Liantluangpuii Tlau

    i can't download, when i click the links it brought me to my profile in browser.. tell me how to download


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