(i) Classical conditioning involves stimulus-stimulus substitution whereas operant conditioning is S-R conditioning where S is made contingent on R
(ii) Classical conditioning is related to psycho-somatic behaviour while operant conditioning deals with reflexes.
(iii) In classical conditioning reinforcement precedes a response while in operant conditioning it follows a response.
(iv) Subject is relatively active in classical conditioning whereas it is a passive responder in operant conditioning.
(v) The association between two stimuli is a critical factor in learning through classical conditioning while the response and reinforcement contingency is important for learning in operant conditioning.
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