(i) Launching of integrated programmes without adequate preparation on the part of sponsorers.
(ii) Inadequate or no dialogue between teacher education institutions and the practising schools.
(iii) Apathy and competence level of teacher educators.
(iv) Enhanced duration of courses without attention on time intensive transactional strategies.
(v) Internship programme as an integral part of teacher education courses.
(vi) No space for faculty improvement programme for teacher educators.