Ministry of Human Resource Development released a report on All India Survey on Higher Education for year 2017-18. This report provides the data on various indicators of Higher Education in India.
AISHE was initiated in 2011, during which data of year 2010-11 was collected. This survey gives the complete idea of Higher Education in India; hence it is of utmost importance. All the major higher education stakeholders participated in this i.e., AICTE, UGC, MCI as well as State Government. It is conducted annually.
Purpose of the Survey
This survey intended to cover all the institutions in India engaged in Higher Education. The data collection in this survey was dependent on various factors like; teachers, students, enrollments, programs, examination results, education finance, infrastructure, etc.
Please find the list of UGC NET Higher Education Bodies in India.
The data collected from survey helps in calculating the education development indicators. These indicators are Institution Density, Gross Enrollment Ratio, Pupil Teacher Ratio, Gender Parity Index, etc.
It helps in making informed policy decisions and research for development of Higher Education Sector.
Key Results of the Survey
The institutes are divided into 3 categories: Universities, Colleges and Stand-Alone Institutes.
Universities are high-level education institutions that offer all type of degrees and provide research opportunities.
Below are the key findings of the survey about universities:
There are 903 universities in India which are listed on AISHE web and 882 universities out these have responded in the survey.
Find the list of UGC Approved Universities Here.
285 universities have their colleges i.e., 285 colleges are affiliated to universities.
343 universities are not managed by Govt. and 357 are in rural area.
Out of total universities 15 are women universities present in various states of India like; 4 in Rajasthan, 2 in Tamil Nadu and 1 each in Andhra Pradesh, Assam, Delhi, Haryana, Maharashtra, Uttarakhand, Karnataka, West Bengal and Odisha.
There are 1 Central Open University, 14 State Open Universities and 1 State Private Open University.
There are 110 dual mode universities (offer education through distance mode as well), which the max (16) in Tamil Nadu alone.
There are 500 General, 126 Technical, 70 Agriculture & Allied, 58 Medical, 22 Law, 13 Sanskrit and 10 Language Universities and rest 83 Universities are of other Categories.
Also find the list of universities are which are not approved by UGC & are categorized as Fake Universities.
Colleges are the small institutions which offer Undergraduate courses and can be the part of universities.
Below are the key findings of the survey about colleges:
There are 39050 colleges listed on AISHE web, out of which 38061 have responded in the survey.
The highest number of colleges in India are in Uttar Pradesh, Maharashtra, Karnataka, Rajasthan, Andhra Pradesh, Tamil Nadu, Gujarat and Madhya Pradesh.
Bangalore Urban district has 893 colleges followed by Jaipur with 558 colleges. Top 50 districts have about 32.6% of colleges.
College density varies from 7 in Bihar to 51 in Karnataka and Telangana as compared to All India Average 28.
60.48% Colleges – Rural Area.
11.04% Colleges – Exclusively for Women.
Ph.D. Program – Only 3.6% PhD Colleges
Post Graduate Level Programs – 36.7% Colleges
33.75% Colleges run only single program, out of which 83% are private. Out of these private colleges, 55.1% colleges run only B.Ed. Courses.
78% out of total colleges, are private; 64.7% private-unaided and 13.3% private-aided. Approx. 82% private-unaided colleges are in Andhra Pradesh & Telangana.
Tamil Nadu has 76.2% private-unaided colleges, whereas, Assam has 12.0% and Chandigarh has only 8.0% private-unaided colleges.
Less than 100 enrollments in 18.5% of the colleges and more than 3000 enrollments in only 3.6% of the colleges.
There are more than 78.0% colleges running in Private sector; aided and unaided taken together, but it caters to only 67.3% of the total enrollments.
Stand-alone institutes are the institutes that do not receive any aid from the Govt and run on their own. In short, these institutions are not affiliated to any University but are recognized by various Councils or Ministries.
Below are the key findings of the survey about stand-alone:
There are 10011 Stand Alone Institutions listed on AISHE web, out of which 9090 have responded during the survey.
Enrollment Statistics Based on the Survey:
Total Enrollments in Higher Education as per 2017-18 Survey:
1. 36.6 Million
2. 19.2 Million Boys and 17.4 Million Girls
3. Girls – 47.6% of the Total Enrollments
Gross Enrollment Ratio (GER):
1. 25.8%, in Higher Education in India (for 18-23 years)
2. Male – 26.3% and Females – 25.4%
3. Scheduled Castes – 21.8% and Scheduled Tribes – 15.9%
4. Distance Enrollments – 11.0% of which 41.9% are female students
5. Undergraduate Program Enrollments – 79.2%
6. Ph.D. Enrollment – less than 0.5% (1,61,412)
Maximum numbers of Students are enrolled in B.A. Program followed by B.Sc. and B.Com. Programs.
10 programs out of approximately 188 covers 81.2% of the total students enrolled in Higher Education.
Undergraduate Level Enrollments:
1. Arts/Humanities/Social Sciences – 36.4% (highest)
2. Science – 17.1%
3. Engineering & Technology – 14.1%
4. Commerce – 14.1%
At Ph.D. level, maximum number of students are enrolled in Science stream followed by Engineering and Technology.
At P. G. level, maximum students are enrolled in Social Science stream followed by Management.
States with Highest Number of Enrollments (in descending order):
1. Uttar Pradesh
3. Tamil Nadu
Caste Wise Enrollments:
1. Scheduled Casts students – 14.4%
2. Scheduled Tribes students – 5.2%
3. Other Backward Classes – 35.0%
4. Muslim Minority – 5.0%
5. Other Minority Communities – 2.2%
Foreign Students Enrollments:
1. Total Enrolled in Higher Education – 46,144.
2. 166 different countries.
3. Top 10 countries constitute 63.4% of the total foreign students enrolled.
4. Highest share of foreign students come from
a. Nepal – 24.9%
b. Afghanistan – 9.5%
c. Sudan – 4.8%
d. Bhutan – 4.3%
e. Nigeria – 4.0%
1. Total number – 12,84,755
2. Male – 58.0%
3. Female- 42.0%
4. At All-India level, there are merely 72 female teachers per 100 male teachers
Read about the Revision in Pay Scale of Teachers and Professors Here!
Pupil Teacher Ratio (PTR):
1. Universities and Colleges – 30 (Regular mode enrollment)
2. Universities and its Constituent Units – 20 (Regular mode enrollment)
Enrollments among Non-Teaching:
1. Group-C – 40% (highest)
2. Group-D – 28%
3. Group-A – 15%
4. Group-B – 17%
5. The average number of females per 100 male non-teaching staff is 47.
6. B.Com. – 9.39 Lakh
Share of Ph.D. student:
1. State Public University – 31.6% (highest)
2. Institute of National Importance – 20.4%
3. Central University – 15.8%
4. Deemed University – Private – 13.4%
Degrees Awarded to the students in the year of 2017-18 according to the survey:
1. Ph.D. – 34,400 students (2017)
2. Males – 20,179
3. Females – 14,221
4. B.A.- 23.89 Lakh
5. B.Sc. – 11.52 Lakh
The above information is taken from MHRD Official Survey Report – AISHE 2017-18.
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