Eduncle posted an Article
February 22, 2019 • 17:46 pm

Computer Awareness | Terms, Terminology for Bank Exams

Computer Awareness Terms Terminology for Bank Exam



Computer has become crucial part of every industry. It has become very important to have knowledge about basic terminologies of computer. It is a part IBPS PO / IBPS Clerk Syllabus.


There are some important basic terms related to computer which are asked in Common Written exam in Computer knowledge section of IBPS exam. This section is easily scored by just remembering basic terms.




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This blog will help you to have interest in learning the computer terms and terminologies thoroughly as the information provided is considerable in making your preparation easier and scoring good marks as well.



Data: It is a form of collective information in computer.


Database: Database is the collection of information in which similar type of data is collected in same set/class.


Binary code: The basic language of a computer. It is composed of a series of 0s and 1s.


Bug: It is a programming error which prevents computer from working correctly.


Cache: Cache is a component that stores data so future requests for that data can be served faster.


Firewall: It is a set of software that prevents unauthorized persons from accessing certain parts of a program, database, or network.


Ethernet: Protocol in the TCP/IP stack, describing how networked devices can format data for transmission to other network devices on the same network.


ASCII: ASCII stands for American Standard Code for Information Interchange. Computers can only understand numbers, so an ASCII code is the numerical representation of a character.


Binary code: Binary code represents text and computer instructions in form of 0 & 1. It is basic language of computer.


Bus: It is a pathway by which the data is transmitted.


Cookie: It is a piece of information which is send by other website while using that website.


Gig: It means a gigabyte which equals to 1024 megabyte.


File Transfer Protocol: Network protocol used to transfer computer files between a client and server on a computer network.


Fragmentation: When memory is cut in small fragments it is called fragmentation.


Compressions: It is a technique that reduces the size of file.


HTTP: The Hypertext Protocol is the base by which one can communicate World Wide Web.


Operating System: It is a system software which manages hardware as well as software resources for computer programs.


Intranet: Intranet is a private network which is accessible by the particular organization.


Hypertext Markup Language (HTML): Is a markup language for describing web pages.


Compile: It is a process to convert program into machine code by which the program can be executed.


MIME: Multipurpose mail extension is the extension of original internet email to exchange different kind of images, videos, files etc.


Root Directory: Main folder of a storage is called root directory.


CMOS: It is the battery powered memory chip that stores data, time and calendar.




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