Nobel Prize has been honoring people all over the globe for their outstanding performances and excellence in physics, chemistry, physiology or medicine, literature, and for work in peace. The man behind Nobel Prize concept is Alfred Nobel. He was a chemist, engineer, and inventor. Nobel Prize is set of annual international awards given in a number of categories by Swedish and Norwegian committees.
The below article have some legends who received Nobel Prize for their tremendous work. It will be useful for candidates who are preparing for IBPS PO, IBPS Clerk & SSC Exams for their General Awareness section.
Rabindranath Tagore (DOB-DOD: 1861-1941)
Nobel Prize Year: 1913
Field or Subject: Literature
He was awarded Nobel Prize for Literature in 1913 for his “Geetanjali” a collection of his poems.
He was the first person to be awarded the Nobel Prize for India.
Tagore was a creative composer with 2,230 songs to his credit. His drawing and painting skills sparkled all over the world.
Tagore wrote novels, essays, short stories, travelogues, dramas.
Chandrasekhara Venkata Raman (DOB-DOD: 1888-1970)
Nobel Prize for physics in Year: 1930
Field or Subject: Science
He was the first Asian scientist to win the Nobel Prize.
He made massive contributions to vibration, sound, musical instruments, ultrasonic, diffraction, photo electricity, colloidal particles, X-ray diffraction, magnetron, dielectrics and the Raman Effect for which he was able to draw Noble Prize in 1930.
He worked on the scattering of light.
Mother Teresa (DOB-DOD: 1910-1997)
Nobel Peace Prize Year: 1979
Field or Subject: Peace
Mother Teresa was awarded Nobel Peace Prize because she dedicated her life to the sick and hungry people. Her simple message was “the poor must know that we love them.”
More than 2 million sick people were treated by mobile dispensaries and clinics by her.
At the age of eighteen she left her parental home in Skopje and joined the Sisters of Loreto, an Irish community of nuns with missions in India.
Kailash Satyarthi (DOB: 1952)
Nobel Prize Year: 2014
Field or subject: Peace
He is an Indian children’s rights and education advocate and an activist against child labor.
He protected the rights of more than 83,000 children from 144 countries.
He is the second one to receive this Nobel Peace Prize after Mother Teresa.
He is now reportedly working on bringing child labor and slavery into the post-2015 development agenda for the United Nation’s Millennium Development Goals.
Amartya Kumar Sen (DOB: 1933)
Nobel Prize Year: 1998
Field or subject: Economics
Amartya Kumar Sen won Nobel Prize for being a brilliant economist and powerful philosopher of Bengali ethnicity.
He have researched on fundamental problems in welfare economics and Studies of social choice, welfare a measurement and poverty.
Venkatraman Ramakrishnan (DOB: 1952)
Nobel Prize Year: 2009
Field or Subject: Chemistry
He is an Indian-born American and British structural biologist
He was awarded for studies of the structure and function of the ribosome and giving new vision to the molecular science.
He is recognized for determination of the atomic structure of the 30S ribosomal subunit.
Har Gobind Khorana (DOB-DOD: 1922-2011)
Nobel Prize Year: 1968
Field or Subject: Physiology
He was an Indian-American biochemist. He was born in India but after 1945 shifted to England.
He was awarded for Interpretation of the genetic code and its function in protein synthesis.
Subrahmanyan Chandrasekhar (DOB-DOD: 1910-1995)
Nobel Prize Year: 1983
Field or Subject: Physics
He was born in India but shifted to the United States later.
He was awarded Nobel Prize for his mathematical theory of the physical processes of importance to the structure and evolution of the stars.
He has worked in various areas, including stellar structure, theory of white dwarfs, stellar dynamics, theory of radiative transfer, quantum theory of the hydrogen anion, hydrodynamic and hydro-magnetic stability, equilibrium and the stability of ellipsoidal figures of equilibrium, general relativity, mathematical theory of black holes and theory of colliding gravitational waves.
Sir Vidiadhar Surajprasad Naipaul (DOB: 1932)
Nobel Prize Year: 2001
Field or subjects: Literature
He is a writer known for his comic early novels. He has published more than 30 books, both of fiction and nonfiction, over some 50 years. ”A House for Mr. Biswas” is one of the very famous novels.
Muhammad Yunus (DOB: 1940)
Nobel Prize Year: 2006
Field or subjects: Peace
He is a Bangladeshi social entrepreneur, banker, economist and civil society leader who was awarded the Nobel Peace Prize for founding the Gramin Bank and pioneering the concepts of microcredit and microfinance.
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