Static General Knowledge is the integral part of all the Government exams like SSC Exams, IBPS Exams and other competition exams. If you are preparing for any government exam, then knowing about the Important Hydro Electric, Thermal and Nuclear Power Plants in India will help you to score well in the exam.
India is a land of beautiful dams and power plants. A power plant is basically an industrial location that is utilized for the generation and distribution of power. There are three types of power plants in India- Hydro Electric power plants, Thermal power plants, Nuclear Power plants. So, let’s know about these power plants in detail.
Hydroelectric Power Plants in India:
Hydropower is one of the oldest and widely used renewable sources of energy. India is the 7th largest producer of hydroelectric power in the world and also ranks 3rd worldwide by its total number of dams.
Factors affecting the location of Hydroelectric Power plants:
Selecting the proper site will help to carry out construction of the hydro -electric power plants and it will also help to reduce risks due to natural disasters like earth quake.
Good topographical location along the path of river.
The flow of water where dam is constructed should be sufficient to fill the dam. There is a large amount of loss of water from dam due to evaporation. The flow of river water should be able to accommodate this loss of water without affecting the production of electricity from the hydroelectric power plant.
Here is the list of Hydro Electric Power plants in India:
|S.No.||Name of Plant||River||State|
|1.||Koyna Hydro Electric Power plant||Koyna||Maharashtra|
|2.||Hirakund Hydro Electric Power plant||Mahanadi||Odisha|
|3.||Idukki Hydro Electric Power plant||Periyar||Kerala|
|4.||Nagarjuna Hydro Electric Power plant||Krishna||Andhra Pradesh|
|5.||Tehri Hydro Electric Power plant||Bhagirathi||Uttarakhand|
|6.||Bhakra Nangal Hydro Electric Power plant||Sutlej||Himachal Pradesh|
|7.||Sardar Sarovar Hydro Electric Power plant||Narmada||Gujarat|
|8.||Nathpa Jhakri Hydro Electric Power plant||Sutlej||Himachal Pradesh|
|9.||Srisailam Hydro Electric Power plant||Krishna||Andhra Pradesh|
|10.||Indirasagar Hydro Electric Power plant||Narmada||Madhya Pradesh|
|11.||Sharavathi Hydro Electric Power plant||Sharavathi||Karnataka|
|12.||Dehar Hydro Electric Power plant||Beas||Himachal Pradesh|
|13.||Kalinadi Hydro Electric Power plant||Kalinadi||Karnataka|
|14.||Teesta Hydro Electric Power plant||Teesta||Sikkim|
|15.||Baira-Siul Hydro Electric Power plant||Baira||Himachal Pradesh|
|16.||Salal Hydro Electric Power plant||Chenab||Jammu and Kashmir|
|17.||Machkund Hydro Electric Power plant||Machkund||
Andhra Pradesh, Orissa
|18.||Balimela Hydro Electric Power plant||
|19.||Subarnarekha Hydro Electric Power plant||
|20.||Shivanasamudra Hydro Electric Power plant||Kaveri||Karnataka|
|21.||Loktak Hydro Electric Power plant||Leimtak||Manipur|
|22.||Rihand Hydro Electric Power plant||Rihand||
Madhya Pradesh, Uttar Pradesh
|23.||Rangit Hydro Electric Power plant||Rangit||Sikkim|
|24.||Bansagar Hydro Electric Power plant||Sone||Madhya Pradesh|
|25.||Uri Hydro Electric Power plant||Jhelum||Jammu and Kashmir|
Thermal Power Plants in India:
Thermal power is the largest source of power in India. There are different types of Thermal power plants based on the fuel used to generate the steam such as coal, gas, and Diesel. About 65% of electricity consumed in India are generated by thermal power plants.
Let’s know which factors are determined before setting up a Thermal Power Plant:
Thermal power plants mainly require large amount of water as coolant, so usually all power plants are situated near the rivers.
Thermal Power in India is mainly generated through coal, gas and oil.
The main factors which are responsible for location of thermal power stations are proximity to water supply for coolants, proximity to raw materials, major cities for efficient power transmissions and better connectivity depending upon power consumption.
Here we are detailing about Thermal Power Plants in India.
|S.No.||Name of Plant||State|
|1.||Singrauli Thermal Power plant||Madhya Pradesh|
|2.||Ramagundam Thermal Power plant||Andhra Pradesh|
|3.||Dadri Thermal Power plant||Uttar Pradesh|
|4.||Talcher Thermal Power plant||Odisha|
|5.||Korba Thermal Power plant||Chhattisgarh|
|6.||Vindyachal Thermal Power plant||Madhya Pradesh|
|7.||Farakka Thermal Power plant||West Bengal|
|8.||Mudra Thermal Power plant||Gujarat|
|9.||Sipat Thermal Power plant||Chhattisgarh|
|10.||Rihand Thermal Power plant||Uttar Pradesh|
|11.||Jharsuguda Thermal Power plant||Odisha|
|12.||Tiroda Thermal Power plant||Maharashtra|
|13.||Anpara Thermal Power plant||Uttar Pradesh|
|14.||Barauni Thermal Power plant||Bihar|
|15.||Bellary Thermal Power plant||Karnataka|
|16.||Durgapur Thermal Power plant||West Bengal|
|17.||Sikka Thermal Power plant||Gujarat|
|18.||Satpura Thermal Power plant||Madhya Pradesh|
|19.||Wanakbori Thermal Power plant||Gujarat|
|20.||Obra Thermal Power plant||Uttar Pradesh|
|21.||Udupi Thermal Power plant||Karnataka|
|22.||Simhadri Thermal Power plant||Andhra Pradesh|
|23.||Chhabra Thermal Power plant||Rajasthan|
|24.||Bokaro Thermal Power plant||Jharkhand|
|25.||Sanjay Gandhi Thermal Power plant||Madhya Pradesh|
|26.||Chandrapur Thermal Power plant||Maharashtra|
|27.||Bhilai Thermal Power plant||Chhattisgarh|
|28.||Mettur Thermal Power plant||Tamil Nadu|
|29.||Patratu Thermal Power plant||Jharkhand|
|30.||Rosa Thermal Power plant||Uttar Pradesh|
|31.||Sant Singaji Thermal Power plant||Madhya Pradesh|
|32.||Ukai Thermal Power plant||Gujarat|
|33.||Khaperkheda Thermal Power plant||Maharashtra|
|34.||Gandhinagar Thermal Power plant||Gujarat|
|35.||Amarkantak Thermal Power plant||Madhya Pradesh|
|36.||Amravati Thermal Power plant||Maharashtra|
|37.||Ennore Thermal Power plant||Tamil Nadu|
|38.||Feroz Gandhi Unchahar Thermal Power plant||Uttar Pradesh|
|39.||National Capital Thermal Power plant||Uttar Pradesh|
|40.||Hirakund Captive Thermal Power plant||Odisha|
|41.||Kota Thermal Power plant||Kota, Rajasthan|
|42.||Kalisindh Thermal Power plant||Jhalawar, Rajasthan|
Nuclear Power Plants in India:
Nuclear Power is the fourth largest sources of energy after thermal, hydroelectric and renewable sources of energy. As of 2016, India has 21 nuclear reactors in 7 Nuclear Power plants. Some Nuclear Power plants are under construction and some are planned projects which will be implemented in future.
Factors to be taken care of while selecting the location of Nuclear Power plants:
Nuclear Power Plants requires relatively small area and produce a large amount of electricity in a relatively small space.
They contribute to national energy security and ensure stable electricity supply nationwide.
Nuclear power plants are designed to operate continuously for long period of time. They can run about 540 days before they are shut down for refueling.
Here is the list of Nuclear Power plants in India:
|S.No.||Name of Plant||State|
|1.||Narora Nuclear Power plant||Uttar Pradesh|
|2.||Rawatbhatta Nuclear Power plant||Rajasthan|
|3.||Kakarpar Nuclear Power plant||Gujarat|
|4.||Kaiga Nuclear Power plant||Karnataka|
|5.||Kundankullam Nuclear Power plant||Tamil Nadu|
|6.||Kalpakkam Nuclear Power plant||Tamil Nadu|
|7.||Tarapur Nuclear Power plant||Maharashtra|
Some Nuclear Power plants are under construction. Here is the list:
|S.No.||Name of Plant||State||Scheduled Date of Commercial Operation||Expected Date of Commercial Operation|
|1.||Rajasthan Unit 7 and 8||Rajasthan||Unit 7: June 2016Unit 8: December 2016||Under Review|
|2.||Kakrapar Unit 3 and 4||Gujarat||Unit 3: Late 2016/ early 2017Unit 4: 2017||Under Review|
|3.||Madras (Kalpakkam)||Tamil Nadu||__||March 2017|
|4.||Kundankullam||Tamil Nadu||December 2008||Feb-2017|
Some Planned Projects of Nuclear Power plants are:
|S.No.||Name of Plant||State|
|1.||Jaitapur Nuclear Power plant||Maharashtra|
|2.||Gorakhpur Nuclear Power plant||Haryana|
|3.||Madras Nuclear Power plant||Tamil Nadu|
|4.||Kovvada Nuclear Power plant||Andhra Pradesh|
|5.||Mithi Virdi (Viradi) Nuclear Power plant||Andhra Pradesh|
|6.||Haripur Nuclear Power plant||Andhra Pradesh|
|7.||Bhimpur Nuclear Power plant||Madhya Pradesh|
|8.||Mahi Banswara Nuclear Power plant||Rajasthan|
|9.||Chutka Nuclear Power plant||Madhya Pradesh|
So, this article covers list of all the Important Hydro Electric, Thermal, Nuclear Power plants in India.
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