List of Rivers of India & their Origins, Lengths, Tributaries, Basins

 

List of Rivers of India

 

 

All rivers in India are considered as holy/religious spots and they play a significant role in Indian traditions in different manners since primordial times. India’s every region is spotted with several major rivers. A river is a natural waterway of freshwater, which flows towards an ocean, sea, lake or another river.

 

Most of the major rivers of India flow towards the east and drain out into the Bay of Bengal. There are only five rivers in India that flow from east to west Narmada, Mahi, Tapti river, Luni and Sabarmati and drain out into the Arabian Sea.

 

Here we have come up with the details related to the Major rivers of India and the complete list of rivers in India and their tributaries.

 

 

 

 

Top 5 Major Rivers of India

 

 

Here we have come up with the detailed information related to 5 major rivers of India.

 

 

 

1. The Ganga

 

 

Being the largest river in India, Ganga has been declared as the National River of India.

 

 

Ganga is worshipped as the Goddess of Hindus.

 

Gangotri Glacier, Nanda Kot, Nanda Devi, Kedarnath, Satopanth Glacier, Kamet, Trisul are the sources of Ganga.

 

Its length is 2525 km.

 

It rises from the western Himalaya and drains into the Bay of Bengal. The origin of the Ganga is called as Gangotri.

 

It flows through the Varanasi, Haridwar, Allahabad, Kolkata, Kanpur, Patna, Ghazipur cities.

 

The two most bridges of India i.e. Mahatma Gandhi Setu & Vidyasagar Setu are made over the Ganga.

 

 

In the General Knowledge section of various competitive exams such as IBPS, SSC & RRB, you may face question related to River Ganga. The questions can be asked in the following forms.

 

 

Which is the longest river in India?

 

Which is the national river of India?

 

Which is the biggest river in India?

 

Which river has the largest basin in India?

 

Which is the largest river in India?

 

The only answer to all these questions is the holy ‘Ganga River in India’.

 

 

 

2. Godavari

 

 

The Godavari is one of the sacred waterways of central India, near Nasik in Maharashtra.

 

 

It is the largest river in South India as well as the second longest river in India.

 

Brahmagiri Mountain is the source of Godavari and its length is 1465 km.

 

Godavari flows from western to southern India.

 

It flows towards the east, traversing the Deccan Plateau.

 

In the end, it pours into the Bay of Bengal at Narasapuram in Andhra Pradesh.

 

Godavari Bridge and Godavari Arch Bridge are its major bridges.

 

 

 

3. Brahmaputra

 

 

The Brahmaputra is the longest river in India which is known by different names based on the regions, it flows through.

 

 

Brahmaputra originates from the Kailash Ranges of Himalayas and its length is 2900 km.

 

Southwest Tibet in the Himalayas is the source of Brahmaputra Waterways.

 

Naranarayan Setu, Dhola-Sadia, Saraighat Bridges are made over Brahmaputra. And, Bhupen Hazarika Setu (Dhola–Sadiya Bridge) is the longest river bridge in India.

 

 

 

4. Yamuna

 

 

The Yamuna, which is the lifeline of Delhi is the second largest tributary river of the Ganga in northern India. The Yamuna is one of the most important rivers in India.

 

 

It originates from the Yamunotri Glacier in the uppermost region of the Lower Himalaya in Uttarakhand and drains into the Triveni Sangam.

 

The Yamuna takes place in the India river map as one of the important rivers in India.

 

Yamunotri, Champasar Glacier are the sources of Yamuna and its length is 1376 km.

 

It flows through Agra, Allahabad, Mathura, Yamuna Nagar, Noida, Delhi, Etawah, Baghpat, Firozabad, Kalpi, Hamirpur cities.

 

New Yamuna Bridge, Allahabad bridges are made over the Yamuna.

 

The Yamuna also creates natural state borders between the Himachal Pradesh and Uttarakhand.

 

 

 

5. Kaveri

 

 

The Kaveri is also known as Cauvery. It is the holiest river of South India and one of the important rivers in the territory.

 

 

The Kaveri comes in the list of rivers in India which are the most famous amongst Indians.

 

Talakaveri in the Western Ghats Mountain Range is the source of Kaveri and its length is 765 km.

 

It flows through Tiruchirappalli, Talakaveri, Thanjavur, Srirangapatna cities. Cauvery Bridge is made over Kaveri.

 

Shivanasamudra Falls created by Kaveri and Doddabetta is the highest point of the Kaveri basin.

 

 

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Frequently Asked Questions about All Rivers in India

 

 

Ques – 1 How many rivers in India are west flowing?

 

Ans – There are only 5 rivers in India River Map which are west flowing. These west flowing rivers in India ultimately end up in the Arabian sea.

 

 

Ques – 2 Which is the longest river in India?

 

Ans – The Brahmaputra is the longest river in India. It covers larger distance than the other rivers of India.

 

 

Ques – 3 Which is the smallest river in India?

 

Ans – It is not specified officially in India River Map till now that which one is the smallest river in India.

 

 

Ques – 4 Which one is the national river of India?

 

Ans – The Ganges is declared as the national river of India.

 

 

Ques – 5 Which is the largest river basin in India?

 

Ans – Ganga Basin is the largest river basin in India with area about 861452 sq. km.

 

 

Ques – 6 Which is the widest river in India?

 

Ans – The Brahmaputra is the widest river in India.

 

 

Ques – 7 Which is the most polluted river in India?

 

Ans – The Yamuna is the most polluted river in India.

 

 

Ques – 8 How to show all rivers in India River Map?

 

Ans – All rivers in India river map are shown by the blue outline.

 

 

Ques – 9 Which is the largest river in India?

 

Ans – The Ganga is the largest river in India.

 

 

 

 

Complete List of Rivers |Their Lengths, Origins and Tributaries

 

 

Following list shows the names of rivers in India with their lengths, origins and tributaries.

 

 

S.No. Rivers Origin Length (km)
End
1. Ganga Gangotri Glacier (Bhagirathi), Uttarakhand 2,525 Bay of Bengal
2. Yamuna Yamunotri Glacier, Uttarakhand 1,376 Merges with Ganga at Allahabad (Triveni Sangam – Kumbh Mela spot
3. Brahmaputra Himalayan Glacier in Tibet, but enters India in Arunachal Pradesh 1,800 Merges with Ganga and ends in Bay of Bengal
4. Chambal Tributary of Yamuna river, starting at Madhya Pradesh 960 Joins Yamuna river in UP
5. Son Tributary of Ganga, starting at Amarkantak, Madhya Pradesh 784 Joins Ganga just above Patna – also considered part of Vindhya river system
6. Gandak Nepal; Ganges tributary at Indo-Nepal border (Triveni Sangam) 630 Joins Ganga near Patna
7. Kosi Starts from Bihar near Indo-Nepal border 720 Joins Ganga near Katihar district of Bihar
8. Betwa Tributary of Yamuna, rises at Vindhya region, MP 590 Joins Yamuna at Hamirpur in UP
9. Gomti Tributary of Ganga, starting at Gomat Taal, UP 900 Joins Ganga in Varanasi district
10. Ghaghara Himalayan Glacier in Tibet, tributary of Ganga 1080 Joins Ganga in Bihar
11. Hugli (Hooghly) Tributary of Ganga near West Bengal 260 Merges with Ganga at Bay of Bengal
12. Damodar Tributary of Hugli near Chandwara, Jharkhand 592 Merges with Hugli in West Bengal
13. Mahananda Paglajhora falls, Darjeeling, West Bengal 360 Merge in Ganga
14. Alaknanda Satopanth & Bhagirathi-Kharak glacier 190 Merge in Ganga, Devprayag, Uttarakhand
15. Bhagirathi Gaumukh, Uttarakhand 205 Merge in Ganga, Devprayag, Uttarakhand
16. Indus Originates in Tibetan plateau, Enters India in J&K 3180 Merges into Arabian sea near Sindh
17. Chenab Upper Himalayas in the Spiti district of Himachal Pradesh 960 Merges with Indus
18. Jhelum Tributary of Chenab river, Punjab 725 Merges with Chenab at Jhang (Pakistan)
19. Ravi Starts from Bara Bhangal, Kangra district, Himachal Pradesh 720 Joins Chenab in Pakistan
20. Sutlej Tributary of Indus river, originates at Rakshastal, Tibet 1500 Meets Beas river in Pakistan and ends at Arabian sea
21. Beas Rises at Himalayas in central Himachal Pradesh 470 Joins Sutlej river in Punjab, India
22. Parbati Mantalai Glacier near Pin Prabati Pass  - Mixes with Beas River at Bhuntar, near Kullu of Himachal Pradesh
23. Suru Panzella Glacier, Pensi La Pass, Kargil 185 Indus, Nurla, Skardu, Pakistan
24. Dras Machoi Glacier, Zoji La, ear Sonamarg, Jammu & Kashmir 86 Suru River at Kharul, Kargil
25. Zanskar Doda River (First Branch), Kargyag and Tsarap River (Second Branch)  - Indus River near Nimmu in Ladakh
26. Tsarap Pankpo La, Sarchu 182 Zanskar River, Padum, Kargil
27. Doda Drang-Drung Glacier, Pensi La 79 Zanskar River, Padum, Kargil
28. Kaveri Talakaveri in Western Ghats in Karnataka 765 Ends in Bay of Bengal
29. Krishna Originates in the Western Ghats near Mahabaleshwar in Maharashtra 1400 Ends in Bay of Bengal near Andhra Pradesh
30. Godavari Starts in Maharashtra and passes through 7 Indian states 1465 Empties in Bay of Bengal
31. Tungabhadra Tributary of Krishna river staring at Karnataka 531 Joins Krishna river along the border of Telangana and Andhra Pradesh
32. Tapti Rises in Eastern Satpura Ranges, Madhya Pradesh 724 Empties into Gulf of Khambhat, Gujarat
33. Mahi Rises in Madhya Pradesh 580 Flows into Arabian sea from Gujarat
34. Narmada Starts from Amarkantak, Madhya Pradesh 1315 Drains into Arabian sea via Gulf of Cambay
35. Indravati Dandakaranya range, Kalahandi district, Odisha 535 Godavari near border of Maharashtra, Chhattisgarh and Telangana
36. Pranhita Confluence of Wardha and Wainganga, near Sirpur Kaghaznagar 113 Godavari, near Kaleshwaram, Telangana
37. Wardha Satpura range, Multai, Betul district of Madhya Pradesh 528 Pranhita River
38. Kolab (Sabari) Sinkaran hills, Koraput, Odisha 200 Godavari
39. Manjira Balaghat hills 724 Godavari, near Kandakurthi, Karnataka
40. Wainganga Satpura range, Mundara, Seoni district, Madhya Pradesh 579 Pranhita River
41. Painganga Ajanta range, Aurangabad, Maharashtra 676 Wardha river, Chandrapur district, Maharashtra
42. Vedavathi Confluence of Veda and Avathi  - Tungabhadra river, near Siruguppa
43. Bhima Bhimashankar 861 Krishna river, near raichur
44. Indrayani Lonavala, Maharashtra Bhima river
45. Pavana Sahyadri range, Lonavala Maharashtra 58 Mula river
46. Ghataprabha Western ghats, Sindhudurg, Maharashtra 283 Krishna river, Almatti
47. Venna Mahabaleshwar, Maharashtra 130 Krishna river, Satara, Maharashtra
48. Koyna Mahabaleshwar, Maharashtra 130 Krishna river, near Karad, Satara
49. Amravati Anamalai hills, Pambar, Chinnar rivers 282 Kaveri river at Karur, Tamil Nadu
50. Bhavani Silent valley National Park, Kerala 135 Kaveri river at Kongu Nadu region of Tamil Nadu
51. Hemavati Western Ghats, Chikmagalur, Karnataka 245 Kaveri river near Krishna Raja Sagara, Karnataka
52. Mahanadi Dhamtari, Dandakaranya, Chhattisgarh 858 Bay of Bengal, near False Point, Kendrapara, Odisha
53. Subarnarekha Chota Nagpur plateau, near Ranchi, Jharkhand 395 Kirtania Port, near Talsari, Bay of Bengal
54. Kangsabati Chota Nagpur plateau, Purulia district, West Bengal 465 Bay of Bengal near Haldia
55. Penner (Penna) Nandi Hills, Chikkaballapur district, Karnataka 597 Bay of Bengal, near Nellore, Andhra Pradesh
56. Palar Nandi hills, Kolar district Karnataka 348 Bay of Bengal, near Vayalur, Tamil Nadu
57. Vaigai Varusanadu Hills, Tamil Nadu 258 Palk Strait, Tamil Nadu
58. Vellar Shevaroy Hills 150 Bay of Bengal, near Parangipettai, Tamil Nadu
59. Ponnaiyar Nandidurg, Chikkaballapur 400 Bay of Bengal
60. Noyyal Velliangiri Hills, Western Ghats, Tamil Nadu 180 Kaveri river
61. Gomai Satpura Range  - Tapti river, near Prakasha, Nandurbar, Maharashtra
62. Panzara Near Pimpalaner, Dhule, Maharashtra  - Tapti river
63. Purna Satpura Range, Betul, Madhya Pradesh  - Tapti river, near Changdev, Maharashtra
64. Kolar Vindhya Range, near Sehore district, Madhya Pradesh 101 Narmada, near Raisen district of Madhya Pradesh
65. Tawa Satpura Range, Betul, Madhya Pradesh 172 Narmada near Hoshangabad district
66. Sabarmati Dhebar lake, Aravalli range, near Udaipur, Rajasthan 371 Gulf of Khambhat
67. Zuari Hemad-Barshem in western ghats 34 Arabian sea
68. Ulhas Near Rajmachi hills, Sahyadri range 122 Vasai creek, Mumbai
69. Mithi Vihar lake and Powai lake 15 Arabian sea, Mahim creek, Mumbai
70. Mandovi Bhimgad, Karnataka 77 Arabian sea
71. Kali Kushavali, Karnataka 184 Arabian sea
72. Netravati Kudremukh, Chikmagalur, Karnataka  - Arabian sea, near Mangalore, Karnataka
73. Sharavati Western Ghats, Tirthahalli, Karnataka 128 Arabian sea, near Honnavar, Uttar Kannada district, Karnataka
74. Periyar Sivagiri hills, Sundaramala, Tamil Nadu 244 Lakshadweep sea, Kerala
75. Bharathappuzha Anamalai Hills, Tamil Nadu 209 Lakshadweep sea, Ponnani, Kerala
76. Pamba Pulachimalai Hills, Western Ghats 176 Vembanad Lake
77. Chaliyar Elambaleri Hills, Western Ghats, Wayanad, Kerala 169 Lakshadweep sea, Kerala

 

 

In this article, we have tried to cover up all the information related to the rivers, which are situated in India. Must read the complete article to gain the knowledge of the rivers of India and their origins. Hope this data will help you to connect with our countries’ rivers.

 

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