Eduncle posted an Article
September 16, 2022 • 17:46 pm

CBSE Class 10 Syllabus 2019-2020 : Revised for Board Exams

CBSE Class 10 Syllabus 2017-2018 for All Subjects




Before we start discussing the CBSE Class 10 Syllabus 2019-2020, let's run through some quick facts...


Board Exams are Scary. The hype about the 10th board exam is enormous, but if you prepare for the CBSE 10th Board Exam in a proper manner, it can be a golden year of your life. The young board exam applicants are under pressure due to two primary reasons:


1.  The first reason is the hype that surrounds the board examinations. Board Exams are like any other exams that you’ve taken. There is much harsh competition ahead. CBSE 10th Exam prepares you to handle stress and thrive to be the best.


2. The second reason is the poor time management and study techniques. We all must agree that most of the students are very casual about their studies in the initial months and they push hard in the last one or two months. If you cover CBSE Class 10th Syllabus smartly in an early phase, you don’t need to stress out about the exam later.


Let’s discuss the CBSE Syllabus for Class 10th 2019-20 in detail. In this blog, we are going to cover following aspects:


How to Cover Class 10th CBSE Syllabus?

What are the Most Important Topics from Each Subject?

Advice for Teachers to Complete the Syllabus for CBSE Class 10th 2019-20 Before Pre-Board Exams.

Advice for Students to Cover CBSE Syllabus Class 10th Along with SA and FA Preparation.




Syllabus of CBSE Class 10th Subjects:


In 2019-20, there will be following subjects in CBSE 10 Class. There are total 5 main subjects in CBSE Class 10. So, checkout the syllabus for all the 5 main subjects below. There are other elective subjects and skill subjects as well which are offered in CBSE Class 10th. You can check the complete syllabus and marking weightage of all those subjects here.


Science View/Download
Social Science View/Download
Maths View/Download
Hindi - Part A View/Download
Hindi - Part B View/Download
English - Language and Literature View/Download




CBSE Syllabus for Class 10 Science:


Science is one of the most difficult subjects in class 10th. Science appears as a big and terrifying subject for many students due to the practical aspect of this subject. This year CBSE has made few changes in the test scheme of Science and all other subjects.


Here is the Updated Course Structure of the Science Subject:

Internal Assessment (SA+FA).

Annual Examination.

Practical Test.




Unit Wise CBSE Science Syllabus for Class 10



Unit I: Chemical Substances - Nature and Behaviour

Chemical Reactions

Acids, Bases and Salts

Metals and Non-Metals

Carbon Compounds

Periodic Classification of Elements



Unit II: World of Living

Life Processes

Control and Co-Ordination in Animals and Plants


Heredity and Evolution



Unit III: Natural Phenomenon

Reflection of light at curved surfaces, Images formed by spherical mirrors, centre of curvature, principal axis, principal focus, focal length, mirror formula (Derivation not required), magnification.

Refraction; laws of refraction, refractive index.

Refraction of light by spherical lens, Image formed by spherical lenses, Lens formula (Derivation not required), Magnification. Power of a lens.

Functioning of a lens in human eye, defects of vision and their corrections, applications of spherical mirrors and lenses.

Refraction of light through a prism, dispersion of light, scattering of light, applications in daily life.



Unit IV: Effects of Current

Electric current, potential difference and electric current. Ohm's law; Resistance, Resistivity, Factors on which the resistance of a conductor depends. Series combination of resistors, parallel combination of resistors and its applications in daily life. Heating effect of electric current and its applications in daily life. Electric power, Inter relation between P, V, I and R.

Magnetic effects of current

Alternating current



Unit V: Natural Resources

Sources of Energy

Our Environment: Eco-system, Environmental problems, Ozone depletion, waste production and their solutions. Biodegradable and non-biodegradable substances.

Management of Natural Resources

Big Dams




List of Practical in 10th Science Syllabus:


There are total 10 Practical topics in CBSE 10th Syllabus 2019-20 for Science Subject. Check these topics with their difficulty level:


Finding the pH of the given samples by using pH paper / universal indicator

Difficulty Level: Easy


Studying the properties of acids and bases (HCl & NaOH) by their reaction

Difficulty Level: Medium


Performing and observing the reactions and classifying them

Difficulty Level: Medium


Observing the action of Zn, Fe, Cu and Al metals on the given salt solutions

Difficulty Level: High


Studying the dependence of potential difference (V) across a resistor on the current (I) passing through it and determine its resistance. Also plotting a graph between V and I.

Difficulty Level: Easy


Determination of the equivalent resistance of two resistors when connected in series and parallel.

Difficulty Level: Easy


Preparing a temporary mount of a leaf peel to show stomata.

Difficulty Level: Easy


Experimentally show that carbon dioxide is given out during respiration.

Difficulty Level: Easy


Study of the following properties of acetic acid (ethanoic acid)

Difficulty Level: Easy


Study of the comparative cleaning capacity of a sample of soap in soft and hard water.

Difficulty Level: Medium


Determination of the focal length of Concave mirror and Convex lens

Difficulty Level: Medium


Tracing the path of a ray of light passing through a rectangular glass slab for different angles of incidence.

Difficulty Level: Medium


Studying binary fission in Amoeba, and budding in yeast with the help of prepared slides.

Difficulty Level: Medium


Tracing the path of the rays of light through a glass prism.

Difficulty Level: Easy


Finding the image distance for varying object distances in case of a convex lens and drawing corresponding ray diagrams to show the nature of image formed.

Difficulty Level: Medium


Identification of the different parts of an embryo of a dicot seed (Pea, gram or red kidney bean).

Difficulty Level: Easy


Structure of CBSE 10th Science Subject:


Course structure: Single Book

Number of units: 5


Unit-wise weightage:


Unit No. Unit Name Marks
1 Chemical Substances - Nature and Behaviour 25
2 World of Living 23
3 Natural Phenomena 12
4 Effects of Current 13
5 Natural Resources 07
Total 80
Internal assessment 20
Grand Total 100




How Can Teachers Complete Syllabus of CBSE Class 10th Science Before Pre- Boards?


As there is very less time left for the Board Exams, teachers are under constant pressure to complete the Science syllabus. The Ideal time to complete all the 5 units is December. We have mentioned the CBSE Prescribed Periods for all units:


Unit 1: 55 Periods


Unit 2: 50 Periods


Unit 3: 23 Periods


Unit 4: 32 Periods


Unit 5: 20 Periods


Excluding all the leaves and holidays, there must be at least 180 days class to complete the syllabus. Teachers are advised to focus equally on the Practical and Theoretical concepts of Science. It will help students in their 11th and 12th standard.




How Can Students Win the Battle Against Science Fear?


If you haven’t created a habit to start studying early, make sure you don’t repeat it in class 10th. This is a very important year in your academics. If you see yourself among toppers, you’d need to drag yourself to start studying super early when the rest haven’t touched their books.


Science subject is awesome. You can score 90+ very easily, all you need to do is Smart Study. Do not let the fear of Science degrade your performance.


If you have some weak chapters, discuss it with your Science teacher. Your major part of syllabus must be covered before December month. After December, you can start revising the book.


The suggested NCERT Book for Class 10th Science is:


Code Book Price
1064 Science 165/-
1065 Vigyan 135/-
_ Laboratory manual – Science – Class 10th _


Suggested Reads:




CBSE Syllabus for Class 10 Social Science 2019-20:


Social Science of CBSE Class 10th is way more tough than the previous classes. Although you must have studied Social Science in Class VI, VII, IX too. Class X Social Science is a blend of all these subjects: Civics, Economics, Geography, History, and Disaster Management.


Here is the Updated Course Structure of the Social Science Subject:

Internal Assessment (SA + FA + Map Work + Project).

Annual Examination.




Unit Wise CBSE Syllabus for Class 10 Social Science


Unit 1: India and the Contemporary World – II

The Rise of Nationalism in Europe

The Nationalist Movement in Indo-China

Nationalism in India

The Making of a Global World

The Age of Industrialization

Work, Life & Leisure

Print Culture and the Modern World

Novels, Society and History



Unit 2: Contemporary India – II

Resources and Development

Water Resources


Minerals and Energy Resources

Manufacturing Industries

Life Lines of National Economy



Note: There is a poster activity related to this chapter, Download the detailed Syllabus PDF to get complete details about the Social Science Projects.



Unit 3: Democratic Politics – II

Power Sharing & Federalism

Democracy and Diversity & Gender, Religion and Caste

Popular Struggles and Movements

Political Parties

Outcomes of Democracy

Challenges to Democracy



Unit 4: Understanding Economic Development


Sectors of the Indian Economy

Money and Credit

Globalization and the Indian Economy




Structure of CBSE 10th Social Science Subject:


Course structure: Four Books, Map Creation

Number of units: 4


Unit-wise weightage:  

Units Unit Name Marks
I India and the Contemporary World - II 20
II Contemporary India - II 20
III Democratic Politics - II 20
IV Understanding Economic Development 20
Total 80
Internal assessment 20
Grand Total 100




How Can Teachers Complete Vast Syllabus of Social Science?


Mostly students complain about the lengthy syllabus of Social Science. As a teacher, it is even tougher to cover the whole syllabus in available time. We have mentioned the Period wise distribution of Social Science for Class X.


Unit 1: 60 Periods


Unit 2: 55 Periods


Unit 3: 50 Periods


Unit 4: 50 Periods


Make the subject interesting with the visualization of historical events, usage of flowchart and Maps. There are many projects and activities associated with SS, assign these activities before December. This way, there will be enough time to revise the syllabus.




Tips and Tricks for Students to Ace CBSE Class 10th Social Science Syllabus 2019-20:


As we have already discussed, the biggest challenge with Social Science is the length of the syllabus. Read the course once without trying to remember it, just read like you would read the newspaper and try to understand it.


For the complete revision, at least one-month time will be needed. Make charts and mnemonics for last minute studies. Do not try to mug up and memorize everything, especially Geography and Political Science.


The prescribed NCERT Books for Class X Social Science are:


Code Books Price
1066 India & Contemporary World II - History 125/-
1067 Bharat Aur Samakalin Vishwa II - Itihas 125/-
1068 Contemporary India - Geography 65/-
1069 Samakalin Bharat - Bhugol 65/-
1070 Understanding Economic Development - Economics 65/-
1071 Arthik Vikas Ki Samajh - Arthashastra 65/-
1072 Democratic Politics II 80/-
1073 Loktantrik Rajniti II 80/-



CBSE Class 10 Maths Syllabus 2019-20


Being able to solve the Mathematical sums and questions is a “Badge of Honour”. But to earn this honour, you need to practice more, which makes you struggle with the CBSE Syllabus for Class 10th Mathematics. Memory decays, and when it involves Mathematics; it’ll decay faster. So, you’ll need to start preparing for Maths sooner and this is going to be a yearlong exercise until you appear in the board exam.


The CBSE has introduced two levels of Mathematics exam for CBSE Class 10th from the Academic Session ending March, 2020 onwards.


Here is the Updated Course Structure of the Mathematics Subject:


Internal Assessment (Periodic Test + Notebook Submission + Subject Enrichment Activity).

Annual Examination.




Unit-Wise Class 10 CBSE Mathematics Syllabus


 Unit I: Number Systems

Real Numbers


Unit II: Algebra


Pair of Linear Equations in Two Variables

Quadratic Equations

Arithmetic Progressions


Unit III: Coordinate Geometry

Lines in 2D 


Unit IV: Geometry





Unit V: Trigonometry

Introduction to Trigonometry

Trigonometric Identities

Heights and Distances: Angle of elevation, Angle of Depression


Unit VI: Mensuration

Areas Related to Circles

Surface Areas and Volumes


Unit VII: Statistics and Probability






Structure of CBSE 10th Mathematics Subject:


Course structure: Single Book

Number of units: 7


Unit-wise weightage:


Units Unit Name Marks
I Number Systems 06
II Algebra 20
III Coordinate Geometry 06
IV Geometry 15
V Trigonometry 12
VI Mensuration 10
VII Statistics & Probability 11
Total 80
Internal assessment 20
Grand Total 100




Advice for Teachers to Eliminate the Maths Fear & Complete Syllabus:


The teachers are advised to complete the syllabus within the prescribed period limit as given below:


Unit 1: 15 Periods


Unit 2: 45 Periods


Unit 3:  14 Periods


Unit 4: 31 Periods


Unit 5: 33 Periods


Unit 6: 24 Periods


Unit 7: 28 Periods


After completing the CBSE NCERT Class 10th Syllabus, teachers can dedicate the remaining time in pre-board exams, tests, and doubt clearance classes.




Advice for Students to Score Higher in Mathematics:


To score 90+ marks you need to cover whole CBSE Class 10 Mathematics Syllabus 2019-2020 and revise it as well.


If you allot 2-3 hours daily from the beginning of the session, you’ll be able to solve all NCERT Text Book questions within first 4-5 months. Do not be scared of the book size, if you practice regularly you’ll finish it before anyone else. And then there will be enough time for revision.


Here are the NCERT 10th Books of Maths:



Code Books Price
1062 Mathematics 140/-
1063 Ganit 140/-



CBSE English Syllabus for Class 10 [2019-20]


English is one of the most important subjects in Class 10th. Without knowing proper English, a child will not be able to communicate effectively. However, India is a country with 22 scheduled languages, CBSE has included English and Hindi in the curriculum to ensure basic proficiency in these language subjects.


The CBSE Syllabus for Class 10 English has following three sections with total weightage of marks 80.


Note: CBSE decided to discontinue the English Communicative Course for Class IX and X, from 2019-20 session.


Section Topic Total Weightage
A Reading Skills 20
B Writing Skills with Grammar 30
C Literature Textbook and Extended Reading Text 30
Total 80


Here is the Updated Course Structure of the English Subject:


Internal Assessment (SA+FA).

Annual Examination.




Section Wise CBSE Class 10 English Syllabus (Communicative and Language)


Section A - Reading: [20 Marks]

Q1: A Factual passage (8 Objective Type Questions): 8 Marks


Q2: A Discursive passage (Four Short Answer Questions and Four Objective Type Questions): 12 Marks




Section B - Writing and Grammar: [30 Marks]


Q3: Formal letter complaint / inquiry / placing order / letter to editor / Article: 8 Marks


Q4: Short Story Based on Clues: 10 Marks


Q5: Gap Filling with One or Two Words: 4 Marks


Q6: Editing or Omission: 4 Marks


Q7: Sentences Reordering or Sentence Transformation: 4 Marks




Section C - Literature Textbook and Extended Reading Text: [30 Marks]


Q8: One out of Two Extracts from Prose/Poetry/Play (4 Very Short Answer Questions): 4 Marks


Q9: Five Short Answer Questions from the Literature Reader: 10 Marks


Q10: One out of Two Long Answer Type Questions: 8 Marks


Q11: One out of Two Very Long Answer Question on Prescribed Novel: 8 Marks




Structure of CBSE 10th English Subject:


Course structure: Two Book

Number of sections: 3


The section wise marks distribution has been already mentioned in earlier section of the blog.




How can Teachers Finish the Syllabus on Time?


Most of the students consider language subjects less important compared to the other subjects like Science and Maths. Do not be lenient with the prescribed period limit and focus more on the Novels and Reading Comprehension part. Try to engage the class 10th students through some reading and discussion activities.


Section A Reading: 50 Periods

Section B Writing and Grammar: 60 Periods

Section C Literature and Extended Reading Text: 60 Periods




English Paper Writing is Never Easy! Here’s How It Can Improve Your Overall Scores?


Unlike Mathematics and Science, there are no marks for steps in English Communicative and Language. You’ve to get into every layer of literature and make a good impression on examiner through your paper.


Start practicing Extracts, Literature and Reading Comprehensions given in your book. The syllabus is not too lengthy. The understanding of English subject requires 3-4 months. So, don’t delay your preparation much.


Suggested books for English:


Code Books Price
1059 First Flight - English Text 70/-
1060 Footprints without Feet - English Suppl. Rdr 35/-



The Diary of a Young Girl – Anne Frank

Story of My Life - Helen Keller



CBSE Syllabus for Class 10 Hindi 2019-20


CBSE Hindi Syllabus for Class 10 is divided into two parts. The first part is about the understanding of language and Grammar. The second part is about writing and the questions from the book. Here are the 4 sections of the Annual Paper.




Structure of CBSE 10th Hindi Subject:


Course structure: Two Book

Number of sections: 4


Section-wise weightage:

खंड 'क' - पठन कौशल - 15 अंक

खंड 'ख' - व्याकरण - 15 अंक

खंड 'ग' - पाठ्यपुस्तक से प्रश्न - 30 अंक

खंड 'घ' - लेखन - 20 अंक


Here is the Updated Course Structure of the Hindi Subject:


Internal Assessment (SA + Periodic Tests + Notebook Submission + Subject Enrichment Activities).

Annual Examination.



Unit Wise CBSE Syllabus for Class 10 Hindi 2019-20







Advice to Teachers for Hindi Syllabus:


Hindi Period Wise Distribution of Chapters for Teachers is given above along with syllabus. As Hindi is one of widely used language in India, basic proficiency in Hindi Writing and Reading is very important.


The unseen poems and passages were quite fretting last year. So, prepare the students mentally for that.




Advice to Students for CBSE 10th Syllabus Hindi


The three-hour paper of Hindi is quite lengthy and if you don’t manage the time effectively, you’re most likely to leave many questions unattempted. There are two approaches you can follow:


1. Solve the lengthy and high marks weightage and then proceed towards short type and very short type questions. This way you won’t miss out the important questions and there will be enough time to attempt short type questions.


2. Allot first 1:30 hour time for all the short type questions holding 1, 2, 3 Marks. In the remaining time solve 5 marks questions.


List of NCERT Text Books for Hindi:


Code Books Price
1055 Khitij - Hindi 60/-
1056 Kritika - Hindi Suppl. 30/-
1057 Sparsh -2nd Lang. Hindi 60/-
1058 Sanchayan - Suppl. Hindi (2nd Lang.) 25/-




If you look at the CBSE Class 10th Syllabus as a giant mountain that you’ve to climb, you’ll struggle a lot. So, keep a positive mindset about the CBSE Syllabus of Class 10th 2019-20 and be prepared for it from the beginning of the session.


We have provided you all the tips to cover it wisely, follow the prescribed study plan and focus on practicing questions as much as you can.


If you’ve any questions about the Class 10th CBSE Syllabus or Exam Pattern, ask us in the comment section below. We’d answer your questions at the earliest.






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