Garima Kaushik @Eduncle posted an Article
January 14, 2019 • 12:00 am

CBSE Class 10 Syllabus 2018 - 2019 : Revised for Board Exams


CBSE Class 10 Syllabus 2017-2018 for All Subjects




Before we start discussing the CBSE Class 10 Syllabus 2018-2019, let's run through some quick facts...


Board Exams are Scary. The hype about the 10th board exam is enormous, but if you prepare for the CBSE 10th Board Exam in a proper manner, it can be a golden year of your life. The young board exam applicants are under pressure due to two primary reasons:


1.  The first reason is the hype that surrounds the board examinations. Board Exams are like any other exams that you’ve taken. There is much harsh competition ahead. CBSE 10th Exam prepares you to handle stress and thrive to be the best.


2. The second reason is the poor time management and study techniques. We all must agree that most of the students are very casual about their studies in the initial months and they push hard in the last one or two months. If you cover CBSE Class 10th Syllabus smartly in an early phase, you don’t need to stress out about the exam later.


Let’s discuss the CBSE Syllabus for Class 10th 2018-19 in detail. In this blog, we are going to cover following aspects:


How to Cover Class 10th CBSE Syllabus?


What are the Most Important Topics from Each Subject?


Advice for Teachers to Complete the Syllabus for CBSE Class 10th 2018-19 Before Pre-Board Exams.


Advice for Students to Cover CBSE Syllabus Class 10th Along with SA and FA Preparation.



Important Notice: CBSE Class 10th Date Sheet 2019 has been released. Check the Exam Schedule and Mark your Calendar.





Syllabus of CBSE Class 10th Subjects:


In 2019, there will be following subjects in CBSE 10 Class. There are total 8 subjects in CBSE Class 10. Hindi and English subjects have 2 parts each.


Social ScienceView/Download
Hindi - Part AView/Download
Hindi - Part BView/Download
English - CommunicativeView/Download
English - Language and LiteratureView/Download
Health and Physical EducationView/Download
Information and Communication Technology(ICT)View/Download
Foundation of IT(FIT)View/Download




CBSE Syllabus for Class 10 Science:


Science is one of the most difficult subjects in class 10th. Science appears as a big and terrifying subject for many students due to the practical aspect of this subject. This year CBSE has made few changes in the test scheme of Science and all other subjects.



Here is the Updated Course Structure of the Science Subject:



Internal Assessment (SA+FA).


Annual Examination.


Practical Test.




Unit Wise CBSE Science Syllabus for Class 10


Unit I: Chemical Substances - Nature and Behaviour


Chemical Reactions


Acids, Bases and Salts


Metals and Non-Metals


Carbon Compounds


Periodic Classification of Elements



Unit II: World of Living


Life Processes


Control and Co-Ordination in Animals and Plants




Heredity and Evolution



Unit III: Natural Phenomenon


Reflection of light at curved surfaces, Images formed by spherical mirrors, centre of curvature, principal axis, principal focus, focal length, mirror formula (Derivation not required), magnification.


Refraction; laws of refraction, refractive index.


Refraction of light by spherical lens, Image formed by spherical lenses, Lens formula (Derivation not required), Magnification. Power of a lens.


Functioning of a lens in human eye, defects of vision and their corrections, applications of spherical mirrors and lenses.


Refraction of light through a prism, dispersion of light, scattering of light, applications in daily life.



Unit IV: Effects of Current


Electric current, potential difference and electric current. Ohm's law; Resistance, Resistivity, Factors on which the resistance of a conductor depends. Series combination of resistors, parallel combination of resistors and its applications in daily life. Heating effect of electric current and its applications in daily life. Electric power, Inter relation between P, V, I and R.


Magnetic effects of current


Alternating current



Unit V: Natural Resources  Sources of Energy


Our Environment: Eco-system, Environmental problems, Ozone depletion, waste production and their solutions. Biodegradable and non-biodegradable substances.


Management of Natural Resources


Big Dams




List of Practical in 10th Science Syllabus:


There are total 10 Practical topics in CBSE 10th Syllabus 2018-19 for Science Subject. Check these topics with their difficulty level:


Finding the pH of the given samples by using pH paper / universal indicator


Difficulty Level: Easy



Studying the properties of acids and bases (HCl & NaOH) by their reaction


Difficulty Level: Medium



Performing and observing the reactions and classifying them


Difficulty Level: Medium



Observing the action of Zn, Fe, Cu and Al metals on the given salt solutions


Difficulty Level: High



Studying the dependence of potential difference (V) across a resistor on the current (I) passing through it and determine its resistance. Also plotting a graph between V and I.


Difficulty Level: Easy



Determination of the equivalent resistance of two resistors when connected in series and parallel.


Difficulty Level: Easy



Preparing a temporary mount of a leaf peel to show stomata.


Difficulty Level: Easy



Experimentally show that carbon dioxide is given out during respiration.


Difficulty Level: Easy



Study of the following properties of acetic acid (ethanoic acid)


Difficulty Level: Easy



Study of the comparative cleaning capacity of a sample of soap in soft and hard water.


Difficulty Level: Medium



Determination of the focal length of Concave mirror and Convex lens


Difficulty Level: Medium



Tracing the path of a ray of light passing through a rectangular glass slab for different angles of incidence.


Difficulty Level: Medium



Studying binary fission in Amoeba, and budding in yeast with the help of prepared slides.


Difficulty Level: Medium



Tracing the path of the rays of light through a glass prism.


Difficulty Level: Easy



Finding the image distance for varying object distances in case of a convex lens and drawing corresponding ray diagrams to show the nature of image formed.


Difficulty Level: Medium



Identification of the different parts of an embryo of a dicot seed (Pea, gram or red kidney bean).


Difficulty Level: Easy



Back to All Subjects.




Structure of CBSE 10th Science Subject:


Course structure: Single Book


Number of units: 5


Unit-wise weightage:


Unit No.Unit NameMarks
1Chemical Substances - Nature and Behaviour08
2World of Living17
3Natural Phenomena04
4Effects of Current28
5Natural Resources13
Internal assessment20
Grand Total100




How Can Teachers Complete Syllabus of CBSE Class 10th Science Before Pre- Boards?


As there is very less time left for the Board Exams, teachers are under constant pressure to complete the Science syllabus. The Ideal time to complete all the 5 units is December. We have mentioned the CBSE Prescribed Periods for all units:


Unit 1: 55 Periods


Unit 2: 50 Periods


Unit 3: 23 Periods


Unit 4: 32 Periods


Unit 5: 20 Periods


Excluding all the leaves and holidays, there must be at least 180 days class to complete the syllabus. Teachers are advised to focus equally on the Practical and Theoretical concepts of Science. It will help students in their 11th and 12th standard.



How Can Students Win the Battle Against Science Fear?


If you haven’t created a habit to start studying early, make sure you don’t repeat it in class 10th. This is a very important year in your academics. If you see yourself among toppers, you’d need to drag yourself to start studying super early when the rest haven’t touched their books.


Science subject is awesome. You can score 90+ very easily, all you need to do is Smart Study. Do not let the fear of Science degrade your performance.


If you have some weak chapters, discuss it with your Science teacher. Your major part of syllabus must be covered before December month. After December, you can start revising the book.


The suggested NCERT Book for Class 10th Science is:


_Laboratory manual – Science – Class 10th_


Back to All Subjects.




CBSE Syllabus for Class 10 Social Science 2018-19:


Social Science of CBSE Class 10th is way more tough than the previous classes. Although you must have studied Social Science in Class VI, VII, IX too. Class X Social Science is a blend of all these subjects: Civics, Economics, Geography, History, and Disaster Management.



Here is the Updated Course Structure of the Social Science Subject:



Internal Assessment (SA + FA + Map Work + Project).


Annual Examination.




Unit Wise CBSE Syllabus for Class 10 Social Science


Unit 1: India and the Contemporary World – II


The Rise of Nationalism in Europe


The Nationalist Movement in Indo-China


Nationalism in India


The Making of a Global World


The Age of Industrialization


Work, Life & Leisure


Print Culture and the Modern World


Novels, Society and History



Unit 2: Contemporary India – II


Resources and Development


Water Resources




Minerals and Energy Resources


Manufacturing Industries


Life Lines of National Economy



Note: There is a poster activity related to this chapter, Download the detailed Syllabus PDF to get complete details about the Social Science Projects.



Unit 3: Democratic Politics – II


Power Sharing & Federalism


Democracy and Diversity & Gender, Religion and Caste


Popular Struggles and Movements


Political Parties


Outcomes of Democracy


Challenges to Democracy



Unit 4: Understanding Economic Development




Sectors of the Indian Economy


Money and Credit


Globalization and the Indian Economy




Structure of CBSE 10th Social Science Subject:

 Course structure: Four Books, Map Creation


Number of units: 4


Unit-wise weightage:  
UnitsUnit NameMarks
IIndia and the Contemporary World - II20
IIContemporary India - II20
IIIDemocratic Politics - II20
IVUnderstanding Economic Development20
Internal assessment20
Grand Total100




How Can Teachers Complete Vast Syllabus of Social Science?


Mostly students complain about the lengthy syllabus of Social Science. As a teacher, it is even tougher to cover the whole syllabus in available time. We have mentioned the Period wise distribution of Social Science for Class X.


Unit 1: 60 Periods


Unit 2: 55 Periods


Unit 3: 50 Periods


Unit 4: 50 Periods



Make the subject interesting with the visualization of historical events, usage of flowchart and Maps. There are many projects and activities associated with SS, assign these activities before December. This way, there will be enough time to revise the syllabus.



Tips and Tricks for Students to Ace CBSE Class 10th Social Science Syllabus 2018-19:


As we have already discussed, the biggest challenge with Social Science is the length of the syllabus. Read the course once without trying to remember it, just read like you would read the newspaper and try to understand it.


For the complete revision, at least one-month time will be needed. Make charts and mnemonics for last minute studies. Do not try to mug up and memorize everything, especially Geography and Political Science.


The prescribed NCERT Books for Class X Social Science are:


1066India & Contemporary World II - History125/-
1067Bharat Aur Samakalin Vishwa II - Itihas125/-
1068Contemporary India - Geography65/-
1069Samakalin Bharat - Bhugol65/-
1070Understanding Economic Development - Economics65/-
1071Arthik Vikas Ki Samajh - Arthashastra65/-
1072Democratic Politics II80/-
1073Loktantrik Rajniti II80/-


Back to All Subjects.




CBSE Class 10 Maths Syllabus 2018-19


Being able to solve the Mathematical sums and questions is a “Badge of Honour”. But to earn this honour, you need to practice more, which makes you struggle with the CBSE Syllabus for Class 10th Mathematics. Memory decays, and when it involves Mathematics; it’ll decay faster. So, you’ll need to start preparing for Maths sooner and this is going to be a yearlong exercise until you appear in the board exam.


The CBSE has introduced two levels of Mathematics exam for CBSE Class 10th from the Academic Session ending March, 2020 onwards.


Here is the Updated Course Structure of the Mathematics Subject:


Internal Assessment (Periodic Test + Notebook Submission + Subject Enrichment Activity).


Annual Examination.




Unit-Wise Class 10 CBSE Mathematics Syllabus

 Unit I: Number Systems


Real Numbers



Unit II: Algebra




Pair of Linear Equations in Two Variables


Quadratic Equations


Arithmetic Progressions



Unit III: Coordinate Geometry


Lines in 2D 


Unit IV: Geometry









Unit V: Trigonometry


Introduction to Trigonometry


Trigonometric Identities


Heights and Distances: Angle of elevation, Angle of Depression



Unit VI: Mensuration


Areas Related to Circles


Surface Areas and Volumes


Unit VII: Statistics and Probability








Structure of CBSE 10th Mathematics Subject:

 Course structure: Single Book


Number of units: 7


Unit-wise weightage:


UnitsUnit NameMarks
INumber Systems06
IIICoordinate Geometry06
VIIStatistics & Probability11
Internal assessment20
Grand Total100



Advice for Teachers to Eliminate the Maths Fear & Complete Syllabus:


The teachers are advised to complete the syllabus within the prescribed period limit as given below:


Unit 1: 15 Periods


Unit 2: 45 Periods


Unit 3:  14 Periods


Unit 4: 31 Periods


Unit 5: 33 Periods


Unit 6: 24 Periods


Unit 7: 28 Periods


After completing the CBSE NCERT Class 10th Syllabus, teachers can dedicate the remaining time in pre-board exams, tests, and doubt clearance classes.




Advice for Students to Score Higher in Mathematics:


To score 90+ marks you need to cover whole CBSE Class 10 Mathematics Syllabus 2018-2019 and revise it as well.


If you allot 2-3 hours daily from the beginning of the session, you’ll be able to solve all NCERT Text Book questions within first 4-5 months. Do not be scared of the book size, if you practice regularly you’ll finish it before anyone else. And then there will be enough time for revision.


Here are the NCERT 10th Books of Maths:





Back to All Subjects.




CBSE English Syllabus for Class 10 [2018-19]


English is one of the most important subjects in Class 10th. Without knowing proper English, a child will not be able to communicate effectively. However, India is a country with 22 scheduled languages, CBSE has included English and Hindi in the curriculum to ensure basic proficiency in these language subjects.


The CBSE Syllabus for Class 10 English has following three sections with total weightage of marks 80.


Note: CBSE have decided to discontinue the English Communicative Course for Class IX and X, from 2018-19 session.


SectionTopicTotal Weightage
AReading Skills20
BWriting Skills with Grammar30
CLiterature Textbook and Extended Reading Text30



Here is the Updated Course Structure of the English Subject:



Internal Assessment (SA+FA).


Annual Examination.




Section Wise CBSE Class 10 English Syllabus (Communicative and Language)


Section A - Reading: [20 Marks]


Q1: A Factual passage (8 Very Short Answer Questions): 8 Marks


Q2: A Discursive passage (Four Short Answer Questions and Four Very Short Answer Questions): 12 Marks




Section B - Writing and Grammar: [30 Marks]


Q3: Diary/Article (Based on MCB): 8 Marks


Q4: Short Story Based on Clues: 12 Marks


Q5: Gap Filling with One or Two Words: 3 Marks


Q6: Editing or Omission: 4 Marks


Q7: Sentences Reordering or Sentence Transformation: 3 Marks



Section C - Literature Textbook and Extended Reading Text: [30 Marks]


Q8: One out of Two Extracts from Prose/Poetry/Play (4 Very Short Answer Questions): 4 Marks


Q9: Four Short Answer Questions from the Literature Reader: 8 Marks


Q10: One out of Two Long Answer Type Questions: 8 Marks


Q11: One out of Two Very Long Answer Question on Prescribed Novel: 10 Marks




Structure of CBSE 10th English Subject:


Course structure: Two Book


Number of sections: 3


The section wise marks distribution has been already mentioned in earlier section of the blog.



How can Teachers Finish the Syllabus on Time?


Most of the students consider language subjects less important compared to the other subjects like Science and Maths. Do not be lenient with the prescribed period limit and focus more on the Novels and Reading Comprehension part. Try to engage the class 10th students through some reading and discussion activities.


Section A Reading: 50 Periods


Section B Writing and Grammar: 60 Periods


Section C Literature and Extended Reading Text: 60 Periods



English Paper Writing is Never Easy! Here’s How It Can Improve Your Overall Scores?


Unlike Mathematics and Science, there are no marks for steps in English Communicative and Language. You’ve to get into every layer of literature and make a good impression on examiner through your paper.


Start practicing Extracts, Literature and Reading Comprehensions given in your book. The syllabus is not too lengthy. The understanding of English subject requires 3-4 months. So, don’t delay your preparation much.


Suggested books for English:


1059First Flight - English Text70/-
1060Footprints without Feet - English Suppl. Rdr35/-




The Diary of a Young Girl – Anne Frank

Story of My Life - Helen Keller


Back to All Subjects.




CBSE Syllabus for Class 10 Hindi 2018-19


CBSE Hindi Syllabus for Class 10 is divided into two parts. The first part is about the understanding of language and Grammar. The second part is about writing and the questions from the book. Here are the 4 sections of the Annual Paper.



Structure of CBSE 10th Hindi Subject:

 Course structure: Two Book


Number of sections: 4


Section-wise weightage:


खंड 'क' - पठन कौशल - 15 अंक


खंड 'ख' - व्याकरण - 15 अंक


खंड 'ग' - पाठ्यपुस्तक से प्रश्न - 30 अंक


खंड 'घ' - लेखन - 20 अंक



Here is the Updated Course Structure of the Hindi Subject:



Internal Assessment (SA + Periodic Tests + Notebook Submission + Subject Enrichment Activities).


Annual Examination.



Unit Wise CBSE Syllabus for Class 10 Hindi 2018-19



Hindi Syllabus Class 10th CBSE Board


cbse syllabus for class 10 hindi




Advice to Teachers for Hindi Syllabus:


Hindi Period Wise Distribution of Chapters for Teachers is given above along with syllabus. As Hindi is one of widely used language in India, basic proficiency in Hindi Writing and Reading is very important.


The unseen poems and passages were quite fretting last year. So, prepare the students mentally for that.



Advice to Students for CBSE 10th Syllabus Hindi


The three-hour paper of Hindi is quite lengthy and if you don’t manage the time effectively, you’re most likely to leave many questions unattempted. There are two approaches you can follow:


1. Solve the lengthy and high marks weightage and then proceed towards short type and very short type questions. This way you won’t miss out the important questions and there will be enough time to attempt short type questions.


2. Allot first 1:30 hour time for all the short type questions holding 1, 2, 3 Marks. In the remaining time solve 5 marks questions.



List of NCERT Text Books for Hindi:


1055Khitij - Hindi60/-
1056Kritika - Hindi Suppl.30/-
1057Sparsh -2nd Lang. Hindi60/-
1058Sanchayan - Suppl. Hindi (2nd Lang.)25/-


Back to All Subjects.




Information and Communication Technology Syllabus for Class 10th 2018-19


To improve computer literacy of the students, CBSE has introduced Information and Communication Technology subject in Class 10th. Here is the Updated Course Structure of the Information and Communication Technology Subject:



Theory Test.


Practical Test.




Unit Wise Syllabus of Information Technology Class 10 CBSE


Unit I: Computer Components and Interconnection


Computer System




Concept of Binary Code


Type of Computers


Types of Software 


Unit II: Advance GIMP


GIMP Tools


Operations on Layers 


Unit III: Advanced HTML


Working with HTML Forms




Unit IV: Network Security


Concepts: Cyber Law and Security


Open Source Software




Licensed Software and Scheme



Practical Work


GIMP - 15 Marks


HTML - 15 Marks



IT Application Report File (15 Marks)


Make an IT Application Report File Containing Real life assignments/ presentations using GIMP and Advanced HTML.



At least 5 Activities related to Advanced GIMP



At least 10 web pages covering the concepts covered such as Tables, Frames, Forms, DHTML, and CSS.




Project Work (10 Marks)



Developing a website on a topic containing all the concepts covered using advanced GIMP and advanced HTML.




Viva Voice (5 Marks) 



Structure of CBSE 10th ICT Subject:


Course structure: Single Book


Number of units: 4


Unit-wise weightage:  


Unit No.Unit NameMarks
IComputer Components and Interconnection5-
IIAdvance GIMP1020
IIIAdvanced HTML2040
IVNetwork Security5-


Suggested Books:

Teachers' Manual on Formative Assessment in Information and Communication Technology, Class X


Back to All Subjects.




CBSE Class 10 Syllabus for Foundation of IT:



In extension to Class 9th Foundation of Information Technology Subject, this subject is introduced in Class 10th with advanced information about Internet, Computers and its applications.


Here is the Updated Course Structure of the FIT (Foundation of IT) Subject:



Theory Test.


Practical Test.




Unit Wise CBSE Syllabus for Class 10 FIT


Unit I: Basics of Information Technology




Services available on Internet


Web Services




Unit II: Information Processing Tools


Office Tools


Information Representation Methods


XML (Extensible Markup Language)


Hyper Text Markup Language





Unit III: Societal Impacts of IT


Information Security


Knowledge-based society, Digital Unity and Digital Divide.




Unit IV: IT Applications




Database Design


Webpage Design


Personal Blog


School Website


Travel and Tourism


Statistics on India


Environment (Save Energy) and Pollution (Global Warming)




Practical Work


Hands-on Experience (30 Marks)


IT Application Report File (15 Marks)


IT Application project using the database and website design in a domain such as School Management, Public Services Computing, Business Computing. (10 Marks)



Viva Voce (5 Marks)





Structure of CBSE 10th FIT Subject:


Course structure: Single Book


Number of units: 4


Unit-wise weightage:



Unit No.Unit NameMarks
IBasics of Information Technology10-
IIInformation Processing Tools2530
IIISocietal Impacts of IT05-
IVIT Applications-30



Suggested Books:


Teachers' Manual on Formative Assessment in Foundation of Information Technology, Class X


Back to All Subjects.




CBSE Class 10 Syllabus of Health and Physical Education



CBSE has released the Syllabus of Class 10 Health and Physical Education for the academic session 2018-2019.


Here is the Updated Course Structure of the Health and Physical Education Subject:



Discipline + Participation in Various Activities.


Practical Test.



Unit Wise CBSE Health and Physical Education Syllabus for Class 10


Unit – I


Tests for Measuring Different Fitness Components


Strength: Pull Ups, Push Ups, Rope Climbing


Speed: 30 meters, 40 meters


Flexibility: Sit and Reach, Tests to measure Spine Flexibility


Endurance: 9 Min, 12 Min Run and Walk


Agility: Shuttle Run (10 × 4)



Unit – II




Meaning and Concept


Characteristics of Play


Benefits of Play


Regional play Activities



Unit – III


Physical Activity and gender


Anatomical differences between genders


Physical activity and women


Weight training for women341



Unit – IV


Stress and Coping


Meaning and Causes


Relaxation Training


Coping Strategies



Unit – V


Physical Activity and Quality of Life


Meaning and Concept


Benefits of Physical activities to promote quality of life


Development of ethical values through physical activities



Unit – VI


Physiological basis of Physical Education


Meaning and concept of Physiology


Measurement of blood pressure, pulse rate and respiratory rate


Warming up and cool down



Unit – VII


Psychological basis of Physical education


Meaning and importance


Habit: formation of good habits, breaking bad habits


Emotions: meaning, types, training for controlling emotions



Unit – VIII


Career avenues in the field of Physical Education


Career avenues in educational institutions, media, fitness, industries (sports)


Educational qualifications in physical education


Leading institutions of physical education



Unit – IX


Safety and injuries




Safety of equipment


Prevention of sports injuries





Athletics: 50 meters dash, throws342


Fitness test: Fitness test of class X should be conducted based on the AAPHERED test and records should be maintained.


Any two games: Students are required to play two games out of the listed sports:




Table Tennis


Lawn Tennis











Students are required to prepare a project on the regional play activities from their hometown.



Back to All Subjects.



If you look at the CBSE Class 10th Syllabus as a giant mountain that you’ve to climb, you’ll struggle a lot. So, keep a positive mindset about the CBSE Syllabus of Class 10th 2018-19 and be prepared for it from the beginning of the session.



We have provided you all the tips to cover it wisely, follow the prescribed study plan and focus on practicing questions as much as you can.



If you’ve any questions about the Class 10th CBSE Syllabus or Exam Pattern, ask us in the comment section below. We’d answer your questions at the earliest.