Top 6 Differences between MS vs MSc Degrees | Which to Choose and Why?

Difference between MS and M.Sc.



After pursuing the Bachelor’s degree most of the candidates go for higher studies i.e. masters’ degree. But it’s very confusing for a science student to know which degree he/she will go for, MS or MSc degree.


These two degrees look quite similar to their full forms are same i.e. Master of Science. Most of the candidates have queries like:


What is the difference between MS and M.Sc. Degree?

 What is an MS degree? Is it better than an MSc Degree?

 How is an MS degree different from an M.Sc. degree?



To slake their queries and provide them the best guidance, we have summed up all the major differences between MS and M.Sc. into this blog.



Let’s have a look at the glimpses of M.Sc. vs MS –



MS and M.Sc. full forms are same, but these two degrees are totally different.


MS is a professional course whereas M.Sc. covers a wide base of knowledge and skills.


 Candidates who have completed their M.Sc. degree can also pursue MS degree. But MS Degree holders usually don’t go for M.Sc. degree.


 Candidates may also get a chance to study abroad to pursue MS degree. But it’s not the same with M.Sc. degree.


 Candidates who wish to pursue M.Sc. degree should have a B.Sc. degree in any of the Science subjects. But the candidates who have pursued their bachelor’s degree in any subject can pursue MS degree.



Well, these are the basic differences between MS and M.Sc. degree. So, if you want to know all the major differences and other important details regarding MS vs M.Sc. degree, then you should read this complete article.


So, below are those factors.





Difference between MS and M.Sc.- Factors Which Make Them Different From Each Other!



Many of the Science students who have pursued their Bachelor’s degree get confused when it comes to higher studies. Choosing the right PG course is a big task for them.


So, to help those students we have provided the factors based on which they can choose the best between MS and M.Sc.


Enlisted below are those factors:



1. Entrance Exams


2. Eligibility Criteria


3. Specializations


4. Institutes Offering the Course


5. Career Scope


6. Salary and Pay Scale





(1.) List of Entrance Exams to Pursue these Degrees!



With the list of entrance exams provided below, you can easily choose the right entrance exam to appear in. Entrance Exams for MS and M.Sc. degree are different. So, below we have provided the list of Entrance Exams for both the degrees.


Enlisted below are the best entrance exams that you may appear to get admission in M.Sc. Courses:



NEST (National Entrance Screening Test)


IIT JAM (Joint Admission test for Masters)


GSAT (GITAM Science Admission Test)




OUAT Entrance Exam



Enlisted below are the best entrance exams that you may appear to get admission in MS Courses:



GRE (Graduate Record Examination)


TOEFL (Test of English as a Foreign Language)


IELTS (International English Language Testing System)


Now after getting aware of the entrance exams, you should check all the eligibility conditions required to pursue MS and M.Sc. degree.



(2.) Eligibility Criteria to Pursue the Degree!



This is one of the major differences between MS and M.Sc. degrees. Most of the candidates think that clearing an entrance exam would give them admission to MS and M.Sc. programs. But only clearing an entrance exam is not enough. You must satisfy all the other eligibility conditions required to pursue a Masters’ degree.


So, below we have provided all the eligibility conditions required to pursue these courses.




Eligibility for M.Sc.:



To pursue M.Sc. degree all you need is a Bachelor’s Degree in Science i.e. B.Sc. with minimum cut off marks (as stated by the respective college/ university). There is no age limit to pursue M.Sc. degree.


Note: Eligibility Criteria for M.Sc. may vary with different colleges depending on their policy.


Check out the IIT JAM Eligibility to get an admission in M.Sc. course of Indian Institutes of Technology.




Eligibility for MS:



To pursue MS degree, you just need a Bachelor’s degree in any field from a recognized college/university. You need to have completed 16 years of previous education to pursue the MS degree. So, qualification of 10+2+4 year degree program, 10+3 year diploma + 3-year degree program or 10+2+ 3 year degree program and related qualifications are valid for admission in MS degree.



(3.) Difference between MS and M.Sc. Degree Specializations



If you want to pursue the MS and M.Sc. degree, then it is important to know the specializations in which you can pursue these degrees.


So, below we have provided the specializations of these two degrees.




Specializations of M.Sc. Degree:



 M.Sc. in Physics


M.Sc. in Economics


 M.Sc. in Biological Sciences


 M.Sc. in Chemistry


 M.Sc. in Mathematics


M.Sc. in Information Technology


M.Sc. in Clinical Psychology


 M.Sc. in Biotechnology


M.Sc. in Atmospheric Science


M.Sc. in Electronics




Specializations of MS Degree:



MS in Biomedical Engineering


MS in Chemical Engineering


MS in Statistics


– Statistical Analyst


– Environmental Statistician


– Biometrician, etc.)


MS in Operations Research


MS in Computer and Information Technology


MS in Management Information Systems


MS in Environmental Engineering


MS in Systems Engineering


MS in Computer Engineering


MS in Mathematics



We cannot mention all the specializations as there is a big list of specializations of both these degrees. So, we have mentioned only the major and popular specializations over here.




(4.) List of Institutes Offering these Courses!



Getting admission to the top colleges/institutes is every student’s dream. Everyone wants to be a part of those institutes. Candidates who will be pursuing MS, M.Sc. degrees may look for the best institutes for admission.


So, to help those students we have provided the list of best institutes which offer these courses.


This is also the same with the list of Institutes. There are many institutes which offer these courses. So, we have only provided the list of best institutes offering these courses.




Best Institutes offering MS Degree:



Massachusetts Institute of Technology, Cambridge, USA


Stanford University, Stanford, USA


Georgia Institute of Technology, Atlanta, USA


California Institute of Technology, Pasadena, USA


Technical University of Munich, Munich, Germany


University of Stuttgart, Stuttgart, Germany


University of Minnesota, Twin Cities, Minneapolis, USA


The Ohio State University, Columbus, USA


Loughborough University, Leicester, UK


Technical University of Berlin, Berlin, Germany




Best Institutes offering M.Sc. Degree:



Indian Institute of Technology, Bombay


Indian Institute of Technology, Roorkee


Indian Institute of Technology, Madras


Indian Institute of Technology, Guwahati


Indian Institute of Technology, Hyderabad


Indian Institute of Technology, Kanpur


National Institute of Technology, Rourkela


National Institute of Technology, Karnataka


Lovely Professional University (LPU), Jalandhar


Loyola College, Chennai




(5.) Career Options After Pursuing these Degrees!



Most of the candidates must be interested to know the career options after pursuing these degrees. Below we have made a list of the best career options you can choose after pursuing MS, M.Sc. degrees.




Career Options after pursuing M.Sc.:



1. You can apply for Research or Scientists Jobs in Government Owned Scientific Research and Development Organizations such as –


Defense Research and Development Organization (DRDO)


Physical Research Laboratory Ahmedabad


Nuclear Science Centre New Delhi


Saha Institute of Nuclear Physics Kolkata


Bhabha Atomic Research Centre (BARC)


Indian Space Research Organization (ISRO)



2. Officer Jobs in the following Organizations:


Oil and Natural Gas Corporation (ONGC)


Bharat Heavy Electricals Limited (BHEL)


National Thermal Power Corporation (NTPC)


Indian Oil Corporation Limited (IOCL)


Bharat Petroleum



3. You can become a Professor at India’s Top Most Universities.



4. You can apply for Defense Jobs.



5. You can get recruited in the private companies like- Infosys, Wipro, TCS, Nagarro, Amazon, and CTS etc.



6. You may get a job in private sector Energy & Power Plants.



7. You can even apply for Teaching Jobs.



8. You may also go for higher studies after pursuing M.Sc. such as Ph.D.




Career Options after pursuing MS:



1. You can become a School counselor, academic counselor or an academic advisor.



2. You can work with youth, adults, or a geriatric population in a wide range of professional settings, including:


Community mental health centers


Wellness centers


Public or private hospitals and healthcare settings


Domestic violence, emergency, and homeless shelters


Residential treatment centers


Correctional facilities


Child and family service agencies



3. You can apply for the senior-level or leadership positions in big data analytics, engineering, programming, security, and systems architecture.



4. You can also apply for a Banking Sector Job.



(6.) Average Salary and Pay Scale!



After talking about the career options, most of the candidates will look for the Salary and Pay Scale they get after pursuing these degrees: MS vs M.Sc.


The average salary for M.Sc. degree holder is INR 20,000 to INR 30,000 per month. But companies may offer higher salary package based on the candidates’ qualification and work experience.


Salaries will depend on various factors including your qualification, size of the company, which sector the company is from, your working experience etc.


More the experience you have, higher the salary package you get.


The average salary for an MS degree holder is almost the same. Salary package may vary with different posts.



So, we have provided all the major difference between MS and M.Sc. degree. Now you should have a clear idea about these two degrees and you can now choose the best for you.


Share this article with your friends who are also in the confusion that whether they should go for MS or M.Sc.


If you have any queries/doubts regarding this article, you can comment in the comments’ section given below.





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