Here are some Indian symbols which represents our nation all over the world and below there are some facts about them which are beneficial for IBPS PO, IBPS Clerk & SSC Exams students in General Awareness Section. Grab the facts about our country, our INDIA!
Indian national flag is known as “Triranga”,
Triranga is Tricolor Rectangle with deep saffron on the top, white in the middle and green in the bottom with the blue Ashoka Chakra which has 24 spokes in the center.
As per the Indian Laws, Indian flag should be made up of Khadi.
Tricolor flag was first accepted by the Indian National Congress in 1931.
The flag was designed by Pingali Venkayya and first time, the flag was hoisted by Sacchindra Prasad Bose in 1906.
National Anthem was composed by Ravindra Nath Tagore in 1911, originally in Bengali.
It was adopted by Constituent Assembly on 24th January 1950 in Hindi Version.
The song was translated in English in 1919 with the title Morning Song of India.
The first rendition of the song was during a convention of the Indian National Congress on 16th December, 1911. ‘Jana Gana Mana‘ was performed for the first time in Hamburg on 11th September, 1942.
The Jana Gana Mana should be played in 52 Seconds.
Emblem of India
Our National Emblem is adopted from the Sarnath Lion Capital of Ashoka on 26th Jan, 1950.
In national emblem of India there are four lions, in which only three lions are visible, the fourth lion being hidden from view.
The wheel appears in relief in the center of the abacus with bull on right and horse on left.
The abacus is girded by four smaller animals – guardians of the four directions: The Lion of the north, the Elephant of the east, the Horse of the south and the Bull of the west.
The bell shaped lotus (as in the original) has been omitted.
The words Satyameva Jayate are inscribed below the abacus in Devanagiri script.
National song Vande Mataram is composed by Bankim Chandra Chatterjee, originally in Sankrit.
It was adopted on 24th Jan, 1950.
Dr. Rajendra Prasad came up with a statement in the Constituent Assembly that the song Vande Mataram, which has played a historic part in the struggle for Indian freedom will be equally honored as our National Anthem ‘Jana Gana Mana’.
It was first sung at the Congress Session in 1989.
Tiger was chosen as the National animal of India due to its grace, strength, agility and enormous power.
Tiger is known as Panthera tigris, on average it is 13 feet in length and 150 Kgs in weight.
It is a member of the Felidae family and the largest of the four ‘big cats’ of the Panthera genus.
Tiger represents as our national animal to depict nation’s alertness, power, and intelligence.
Peacock, Pavo cristatus (Linnaeus), is the national bird of India. It is a symbol of happiness, love and beauty.
Peacock is a colorful, swan-sized bird with a fan-shaped crest of feathers on its head, a white patch under the eye and a long-slender neck.
The significance of peacock is attached to cultures of India, Far East, Ancient Persia, Greek and Christian.
Lotus is the national flower of India.
It symbolizes fruitfulness, wealth, knowledge and illumination.
It depicts purity of mind and heart.
There is a saying that although it grows in mud, it smells of myrrh.
Although, lotus is an archetype of beauty, it symbolizes non-attachment.
The Ganges has officially declared as National River in 2008 by Prime Minister Manmohan Singh.
The 2,525 km (1,569 mi) river rises in the western Himalayas in the Indian state of Uttarakhand, and flows south and east through the Gangetic Plain of North India into Bangladesh, where it merges into the Bay of Bengal.
The actual source of river Ganga is a rock-faced called Gomukhi (The face of the Cow), located in Himalayas near Gangotri.
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