Eduncle posted an Article
September 09, 2022 • 11:33 am

National Symbols of India, their Importance & History [Complete List]




India, the birth place of legends, the country with one of the oldest civilization and having largest democratic platform is known for its unique identity and heritage. India is a cradle of various religions and culture and this is clearly reflected in the various National Symbols India.


As defined above, the Indian National Symbols play a vital role in making the identity of our country, bringing the diverse cultures together and binding them in a single string.


Are you curious to know more about the India National Symbols?  Do you want to know the names of the National Symbols of India?


By going through the entire blog, you will get the answers by your own!


The National Symbols of India | List of Remarkable Signs of Our Beautiful Country!



Have you ever wondered –


Who wrote the National Anthem of India which we used to sing daily during the School Days?


What is the meaning of National Anthem of India?


What is the National Emblem of India?


Who designed the National Flag of India?


What is the importance of National Symbols of India?



Many such questions might have occurred in your mind for once. Here in this blog, we’re presenting you the complete list of National Symbols of India.


Let’s have a look at the blog below and find out what are national symbols and their importance!


The National Anthem of India



National Anthem of India Lyrics



Jana Gana Mana, the National Anthem of India was composed in Bengali Language.



 The Lyrics of National Anthem of India was written by the well-known poet Late Shri. Rabindra Nath Tagore.



 It was sung first time publicly on 27th Dec 1911 at India National Congress Session in Kolkata.



 It was adopted as the National Anthem in Hindi Version by National Assembly of India on 24th January 1950.



 The approximate playing time of the National Anthem of India Lyrics is 52 seconds whereas the shortest version is of 20 seconds.



 The anthem can be sung on special occasions only.



 The meaning of National Anthem of India clearly reflects that the lyrics were written to praise the rulers of India.





2. The National Animal of India



National Animal of India Tiger




 The Bengal Tiger is the National Animal of India. (Botanical Name - Panthera Tigris)



 Tiger has earned this significant position of National Animal of India because of its extreme physical power, grace, agility, and intelligence.



 Bengal Tiger is one of its kind and is found mainly in India and some parts of Bangladesh, Nepal, Bhutan China, and Myanmar.



 There are approx. 2500 Tigers in our country and the stats are increasing due to praiseworthy efforts of Indian Government.



 Hunting of the National Animal of India Tiger is strictly prohibited in India.



 Males can be up to 120 in or 3.1 m in length and weigh up to 550 lb or 250 kg.



 Females can reach lengths of up to 104 in or 2.65 m and weigh up to 350 lb or 160 kg.




Read more interesting facts about the National Animal of India here.




3. The National Tree of India



National Tree of India Banyan




 Banyan is the National Tree of India which is known for its long branches and huge trunk. It has ability to grow into a new plant and is known as an immortal tree from ancient times.



 Banyan has earned its position of the National Tree of India because of its numerous benefits of providing medicines and acute shelter to people.



 You can generally find this tree near Temples.



 It is considered as a sacred tree in Hinduism and is worshipped as a significance of Lord Shiva.



 Kabirvad is a small island on Narmada River near Vadodara(Gujarat) and is popular because of the gigantic Banyan Tree covering an area of 3.7 acres.





4. The National Song of India



National Song of India



 Vande Matram is the National Song of India written by a famous Bengal poet Late shri. Bankim Chandra Chattopadhyay in 1870.



 The National Song of India was composed by Late Shri. Rabindra Nath Tagore.



 Vande Matram played a vital Role in Indian National Movement as it was known for its power to influence masses in political marches against the British Rule.



 It was adopted as the National Song of India by National Assembly of India on 24th January 1950 and the meaning of three popular words is “I praise thee mother”.





5. The National Flag of India


 National Flag of India Images




 The National Flag of India is a Rectangular shaped Indian national symbol which is made of a special type of silk cloth known as Khadi, with three color bands and a 24 spoke wheel of Navy blue color known as Ashoka Chakra.



 The National flag of India colors meaning has its own significant identity.


 Topmost Saffron color band of Indian National Flag denotes courage and strength of the country.


 The mid band of white color denotes peace and truth with Dharma Chakra.



 Whereas lower most band in the flag, colored as Green represents fertility, growth and auspiciousness of the land.



 Designer of National Flag of India was Pingali Venkayya.



 It came into origin on 22 July 1947 and was adopted for the first time as the National Flag of India on 22 July 1947.



 As Flag code of India guards the dignity of National Flag, private citizens could only use the images of National Flag of India for their personal use.





6. The National Bird of India







 Peacock is the native of Indian Subcontinent and has earned its name as the National Bird of India because of its Beauty, divineness, and purity.



 Male peacock is more beautiful in comparison to the female peacock. It has the beautiful crown on its head shining like a rainbow with long feathers and tail of vivid colors on its body.



 Peacock the National Bird of India, is known for the its divine and cultural value.



 It is considered as the National bird of India since 1, February 1963.





7. The National Flower of India







 Lotus (Nelumbo Nucifera Gaertn) a beautiful flower having shined aromatic petals with broad leaves is called as the National Flower of India.



 Lotus is the symbol of purity, wealth, and illumination. Despite growing in the dirty water, the National Flower of India, Lotus always remains pure and beautiful.



 During the sunset, it closes its petals and goes deep inside the water whereas with sunrise it reopens.



 Lotus is not only superior for its artistic values but also, for its medicinal, economical as well as food values.





8. The National Fruit of India







 Mango (Mangifera Indica) the king of fruits, is also known as the National Fruit of India for its delicious taste and sweet aroma.



 The king of all fruits mango was originated in India and has more than 100 varieties with different taste smell and color.



 Mango has been adopted as the National Fruit of India as it is famous from ancient India for being the most delightful and luxurious fruit.



 Mughal Emperor Akbar planted more than 1 Lac Mango saplings in his territory garden called Lakhi bagh (Darbhanga -Bihar)



 Apart from our country, Mango is also the national fruit of Pakistan and Philippines.



 India produces 43% of total cultivation of Mangoes around the world.



 It is the best supplement for our health as it maintains high volume of Vitamin A, C, and Vitamin D in it.



 The importance of Mango shall be noted through International Mango festival held every year in Delhi where different varieties of Mangoes are seen.





9. The National Emblem of India






 The National Emblem of India is the noble Icon adopted from the Lion Capital Ashoka at Sarnath that denotes the motto of Satyamev Jayate (Truth alone Triumphs)



 Lion capital was adopted as representation in December 1947 as an Emblem of Dominion of India. Later it was adopted officially as the National Emblem of India on 26 January 1950.



 National Emblem has its own importance and could be seen on Indian passports, currency, and official Letterhead of Government.



 The National Emblem of India has four Asiatic lions standing back to back that symbolizes power, courage, pride, and confidence.



 A wheel on the center is known as dharma chakra with a Bull and a horse. The structure has a slab surrounded with depiction of a Lion of the North, Horse of the West, Bull of the South and Elephant of the East separated by Wheels over a lotus in full bloom that illustrate the fountainhead of life and creative inspiration.





10. The National Sport of India







 Hockey is the National Sport of India as this game has its own identity and adventure.



 Hockey became popular from 1928-1956 as India played 24 Olympic matches and fetched 6 Gold medals in Olympics.



 Not Cricket but Hockey is the pride of India as it was very popular when declared as the National Sport of India.



 Major Dhyan Chand (The Wizard) was one of the greatest hockey player in Indian Sport History. There were no competitors around the world to defeat the potential of Indian Players.





11. The National Aquatic Animal of India







 The National Aquatic Animal of India is the Asiatic Dolphin, one of the wisest Mammals on earth.



 The symbol of purity, the National Aquatic Animal of India lives in fresh and pure water of River Ganga, Brahmaputra, and Meghna in India.



 Dolphin the National Fish of India is a delicate animal with long pointed snout and thick shining body. It is effectively to be blind having no lens in eyes but still, it can detect the intensity and direction of light.



 Due to the increasing water pollution, constructions barriers and involvement of Human population the animal is fighting for its existence on planet Earth. The Indian National Aquatic Animal Dolphin is one of the endangered species of animals and is included in the National Wildlife Protection Act 1972.





12. The National Vegetable of India






 Meetha Kaddu (Indian Pumpkin) is the National Vegetable of India.



 This sweet-smelling vegetable has taste like butternut squash and is used in India since other vegetables like Potato, Cauliflower and chili peppers had not originated.



 The Vegetable is very famous in various Indian Restaurants and cuisines as it is used to make Sweet Pumpkin Dry Curry, a spicy curry with a tinge of sugar.





13. The National Calendar of India






 The National Calendar of India is based on the Saka Era that starts with Chaitra(March) as the first month and ends at Phalguna(February) as the last month



 It was adopted from calendar Reform community of Nepal Sambat on 22nd March 1957.



 The Dates in Indian National Calendar is similar to the Gregorian Calendar dates.



 The Senior Astrophysicist Meghnad Saha hold in high regards for the contribution in forming Calendar Reform Committee. The committee was formed under the shelter of Council of Scientific and Industrial Research (CSIR) and prepared an accurate calendar based on scientific studies.





14. The National Days of India







 Republic Day Gandhi Jayanti and Independence Day Is adopted as the National Days of India.



 Each day has its own significance and is celebrated as gazette holidays all over India.



 Republic Day is celebrated on 26th January every year as Indian constitution came into extortion.



 Gandhi Jayanti is celebrated on 2nd October for the birth anniversary of great Indian leader Mahatma Gandhi.



 15th August is celebrated as Independence Day across the country as on this day, India got freedom from the British Rulers.



Click on the Link to Get the Full List of Important Days of India.




15. The National Dance of India






 Dances in India has various forms generally in folk, classical tribal and semiclassical.



 There is not a single National Dance of India but based on the diversity of various states, the National Dances of India are classified as follows –



















 These are the National Dances of India practiced and rejoice in different parts of country.





16. The National Sport Day in India






 The birth date of Major Dhyan Chand is 29th August and is celebrated as the National Sport Day of India.



 He was known as the pinnacle of Hockey and scored more than 400 goals in his career and won gold medals for the country



 Major Dhyan Chand award is the biggest honor in sports era and is considered as lifetime achievement award in field of sports and games in India.





17. The National Pledge of India







 Republic of India adopted Indian National Pledge as an oath of allegiance.



 The National Pledge of India is generally chanted by students in Educational Institutes and public events.



 You can listen the rehearse of the National Pledge of India in Morning assembly and as foot prints of textbooks in various schools of India.



 The Indian National Pledge was composed by Venkata Suba Rao in 1962. It has been translated in more than 8 regional language versions.





18. The National Currency of India






 Indian Rupee is the National currency of India.



 The new form of Indian Rupee (INR) is in Devanagari form whereas it derived its name from a silver coin called Rupiya. The Indian currency was first issued by Sultan Sher Shah Suri in later 16th century and was later continued by Mughal Emperor.



 The monetary policies in India is managed by RBI (Reserve Bank of India)





19. The National Reptile of India






 King Cobra (Ophiophagies Hannah) is the National Reptile of India and its length could be around 5.8 m.



 King Cobra survives on preys like reptiles, insects and other snakes.



 It is found in the Indian subcontinent and some parts of South East Asia.



 King Cobra has great cultural significance in Hindu culture and is worshipped as an idol of lord Shiva.





20. The National River of India






 The Ganga also known as Ganges is the National River of India that flows in India and some parts of Bangladesh.



 Ganga the lifeline for millions of humans including flora & fauna is one of the ancient river of India and is considered the most sacred river in Hinduism.



 It is the longest river with length of 2525 Km that originates from the Gangotri glaciers present in Himalayas snowfields.



 Banks of Ganga river such as Haridwar, Banaras and Allahabad are some popular key points of religious ceremonies worship and faith in Indian Gods.



 Due to pollution Ganga, is no more holly and is considered as one of the most polluted rivers in the world.



 Ganga Action Plan is one of the major project of India to improve the water quality of river Ganga but is failed thus far because of Corruption and lack of Interest among government officials.



Above in the given article we tried to cover all the relevant information about National Symbols that would not only help you to prepare for the competitive exams but also would make an assistance to explore our country more.


If you have read all the information related to the National Symbols of India, it’s time to check out your memorizing power and reexamine your knowledge.


We are giving a quiz section please go through it and evaluate your skills.






Ques.1 Who wrote the National Anthem of India?(A) Rabindra Nath Tagore(B) Mahadevi Verma(C) Munshi Premchand(D) Subhash Chandra Bose




Ques.2 Who Designed the National Flag of India?


(A) F Hussain

(B) Pingali Venkaya

(C) Raja Ravi Verma

(D) Tyeb Mehta



Ques.3 What is the National Animal of India?


(A) Deer

(B) Camel

(C) Cow

(D) Tiger



Ques.4 What is the National Bird of India?


(A) Crow

(B) Peacock

(C) Sparrow

(D) Eagle



Ques.5. Who wrote National Song of India?


(A) Tansen

(B) Bankim Chandra Chattopadhyay

(C) Bhimsen Joshi

(D) Ustad Bismillah Khan



Ques.6. What is the National Sport of India?


(A) Kabaddi

(B) Hockey

(C) Cricket

(D) Boxing



Ques.7. What is the National Tree of India?


(A) Neem Tree

(B) Peepal Tree

(C) Tulsi Tree

(D) Banyan Tree



Ques.8. What is the National Emblem of India?


(A) White Lily

(B) Golden Rod

(C) Lioned Capital

(D) Corn Flower



Ques.9. What is the Color of National Flag of India?


(A) Saffron

(B) White

(C) Green

(D) All of the above



Ques.10. What are the National Symbols of India?


(A) Tiger

(B) Banyan Tree

(C) Lotus

(D) All of the above






How was your experience with the given blog?


Hope it was very helpful for all of you either preparing for Competitive Exam like SSC CGL, IBPS, Railways or helping your child in school’s assignment.


Knowledge is increased by sharing, So, keep learning and Keep sharing.



Showing 3 comments out of 5
  • Bhaskar

    Thank you for your efforts.


    Hello Bhaskar,
    Greetings from Eduncle!
    Thanks for the kind words and appreciation! We value your generous feedback. For more such updates, Kindly stay tuned with Eduncle.

  • Pokerpelangi

    Thanks for the marvelous posting! I seriously enjoyed reading it, you're a great author. I will make sure to bookmark your blog and will often come back very soon. I want to encourage that you continue your great job, have a nice evening!

  • Shwetank

    What is national rhyme of India What is national story of India


    Hello Shwetank,   Greetings from Eduncle!   The national rhyme of India is Indian National Anthem and there are various stories of India which make us feel proud but if there are any which you know, you can share your suggestions with us.   Thanks for asking your query with us!   Kind Regards, Eduncle Team


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