CBSE Class 12 Commerce 2018 Syllabus, Important Chapters & Weightage




Are you going to appear for the CBSE Class 12 Commerce Board Exams this year? If yes, you might be getting more conscious about your preparations and score goals as the exams come closer.


It is obvious to get nervous when only a few days or months are remaining for the exam. But if your preparations and determination are strong, you’d be able to overcome this.


Getting a thorough knowledge about the CBSE Class 12 Commerce Syllabus would also work as an icing on the cake for your exam preparations. So, here in this blog, we would provide you the detailed list of the topics that come under the CBSE Syllabus for Class 12 Commerce 2018.


You would also get the list of important topics/units along with their marking weightage in the blog below.





CBSE Subjects for Class 12 Commerce Stream [Optional + Compulsory]



It is essential to have a knowledge about the necessary subjects of Commerce like Accountancy, Business Studies, Economics, English and Informatics Practices. Whereas you can also choose other optional subjects from the given list.


(Switch to Syllabus)




Physical Education

Computer Science

Legal Studies




Other Languages



We tried to cover all the relevant subjects related to the Commerce field, if we missed any important subjects, then please help us in editing. The suggestions are most welcomed in the comments’ box below.


Now, let’s check out the detailed CBSE 12 Syllabus for all the major subjects of commerce.





Please click on the given links to get the CBSE Class 12 Commerce Syllabus and curriculum of the desired subject you are searching for –



CBSE Class 12 Accountancy Syllabus


CBSE Class 12 Business Studies Syllabus


CBSE Class 12 Economics Syllabus


CBSE Class 12 Informatics Practice Syllabus


Class 12 Commerce CBSE Syllabus for Optional Subjects






CBSE Syllabus for Class 12 Accountancy 2017-18



Accountancy (Code 055) is the most imperative subject to start your career in Commerce Field. Whether you want to start your own Business or aspire to make career in Bank, Finance Fields or as a Chartered Accountant, if you have interest in Accountancy Subject, you can easily make your career goals fulfilled by choosing this stream.


Check out CBSE Class 12 Accountancy Chapter Wise Weightage and Syllabus of Accounts Class 12 2017- 18




CBSE Class 12 Accountancy Chapter Wise Weightage


You must try to attempt all the questions in CBSE Question Papers to score a good percentage in Board Exams. And to hit the bull’s eye, it’s very essential to know about the Important topics and Chapter wise weightage so that you can set your target score at first.



Units Unit Names Marking Weightage
Part – A Accounting for Partnership Firms and Companies 60 Marks
Unit- 1 Accounting for Partnership Firms 35 Marks
Unit- 2 Accounting for Companies 25 Marks
Part- B Financial Statement Analysis 20 Marks
Unit- 3 Analysis of Financial Statements 12 Marks
Unit- 4 Cash Flow Statements 8 Marks
Part – C Project Work 20 Marks
Project File 4 Marks
Practical Exam (Written) 12 Marks (1 Hour)
Viva Voice 4 Marks
Part – B Computerised Accounting 50 Marks
Part – C Practical Work 20 Marks
Practical File 4 Marks
Practical Examination 12 Marks (1 Hour)
Viva Voice 4 Marks




Click to Download CBSE Accountancy Syllabus for Class 12 PDF





List of Important Topics for Class 12 Accountancy Subject


Check out the complete list of Important topics in Accountancy Subject from here –



Part- A: Accounting for Partnership Firms and Companies


Unit 1 –  Accounting for Partnership Firms.



Reconstitution: Admission of a partner


 Change in Profit Sharing Ratio

 Retirement and Death of a Partner

 Dissolution of a partnership firm



Unit 2 – Accounting for Companies.


 Accounting for Share Capital

 Accounting for Debentures

 Redemption of debentures

 Conversion Method



 Part – B: Financial Statement Analysis


Unit 3 – Analysis of Financial Statements.


 Financial Statement of a company

 Income and Position statements

 Comparative Statement

 Common size Statement

 Financial Statement Analysis

 Accounting Ratios

 Tools for Financial Statement Analysis

 Liquidity Ratios

 Solvency Ratios

 Active Ratios

 Probability Ratios



Unit 4 – Cash Flow Statement.


 Introduction Classification and Statements.

 Important Adjustments.




 CBSE Class 12 Business Studies Syllabus 2017-18



Business Studies (Code 054) is the second most important subject in commerce field that helps to provide you an analytical and critical thinking towards the Market.


Every Student has to encounter the world of business in their lives at some point. For students seeking their career in management, National and International Market, IT sector or Entrepreneurship Business Studies is very essential.


So, before Starting your preparations for Board Exams, check out the CBSE Class 12 Business Studies Chapter Wise Weightage and Business Studies Syllabus for Class 12 CBSE 2017-2018 given below.




CBSE Class 12 Business Studies Chapter Wise Weightage 2017-18


Mug up the information about important topics and Chapter Wise Weightage of Business Studies to decide what to study and what not.



Units Units Name Marking Weightage
Part- A Principle and Functions of Management
Unit-1 Nature and Significant of Management 16 Marks
Unit-2 Principles of Management
Unit-3 Business Environment
Unit-4 Planning 14 Marks
Unit-5 Organizing
Unit-6 Staffing 20 Marks
Unit-7 Directing
Unit-8 Controlling
Part- B Business Finance and Marketing
Unit-9 Financial Management 15 Marks
Unit-10 Financial Markets
Unit-11 Marketing Management 15 Marks
Unit-12 Consumer Protection
Part- C Project Work 20 Marks
Total 100 Marks




Click to Download CBSE Class 12 Business Studies Syllabus 2017-18




Important Topics for CBSE 12 Business Studies Subject


Check out the Unit Wise list of Important Topics in Business Studies –



Part- A: Principle and Functions of Management


Unit 1 – Nature and Significant of Management


 Management – Concept, objectives and Importance

 Levels of Management

 Management as Science, Arts and Professions

 Coordination – Concept, Importance and Characteristics

 Management Functions- Planning, organizing, staffing, directing and controlling



Unit 2 – Principles of Management


 Principles of Management- Nature, Concepts and Significance

 Taylor’s Scientific Management- Techniques and Principles

 Fayol’s Principles of Management



Unit 3- Management and Business Environment


 Business Environment – Concept and Importance

 Government policies changes and impacts



Unit 4- Planning


 Planning Process

 Concept, Importance and limitations of Planning

 Single use and Standing Plans- Objectives, policy, strategy etc.



Unit 5 – Organizing


 Concept and Importance

 Structure of organization – Functional and Divisional

 Organizing process

 Formal and Informal organization

 Decentralization: Importance and concepts

 Delegation: Elements, concepts and Importance



Unit 6- Staffing


 Concepts and Importance of Staffing

 Staffing Process: Selection and Recruitment sources and process

 Staffing as a part of Human Resources Management

 Training and Development: On and Off Job Methods, Induction, Vestibule, Apprentice, and Internship Training



Unit 7 – Directing


 Importance and Basic Concepts of Directing

 Elements of Directing: Motivation, Supervision etc.



Unit 8 – Controlling


 Important Concepts of Controlling

 Steps in Controlling Process

 Relationship b/w Planning and Controlling



Part- B: Business Finance and Marketing


Unit 9 – Financial Management


 Concepts and Objectives of Financial Management

 Financial Planning: Factors affecting the Financial Decisions, Dividend, Investment and Financing

 Financial Decisions

 Capital Structure

 Fixed and Working Capital



Unit 10 – Financial Markets.


 Concepts and Types of Financial Markets

 Money Market and its Instruments

 Capital Markets and Types

 Securities and Exchange Board of India (SEBI): functions and objectives

 Stock Exchange- Functions and Training procedure



Unit 11 – Marketing Management.


 Concepts and functions of Marketing

 Marketing Management Philosophy

 Concept, Packaging, labeling and Branding of Product

 Price and Factors determining the price of a Product

 Physical Distribution

 Promotions, concepts and Elements



Unit 12- Consumer Protection


 Consumer Protection and its Importance

 Consumer Protection Act 1986

 Consumer Awareness: Role of NGOs and Consumer Organizations





CBSE Class 12 Economics Syllabus 2017-18


Economics Subject (Code 030) teach us the importance of Scarce Resources and methods to assign the resources by Individuals, Public, Societies and Government.


We all know very well that its very essential to have a well economic condition of an individual, society or a country to survive and thrive. If you’re going to appear for CBSE 12 Board Exams in Commerce Stream, then note down the important topics and chapters of Economics below –




CBSE Class 12 Economics Chapter Wise Weightage 2017-18


The basic terms of Economics start from Class 11 and 12, so you can better frame the concepts in the subject by the CBSE Class 12 Economics Marks Distribution and Economics Syllabus for Class 12 CBSE 2017-18.



Units Units’ Names Marking Weightage
Part- A Introductory Microeconomics 40
Unit-1 Introduction 4
Unit-2 Consumer’s Equilibrium and Demand 13
Unit-3 Producer Behavior and Supply 13
Unit-4 Forms of Market and Price Determination 10
Part- B Introductory Macroeconomics 40
Unit-5 National Income and Related Aggregates 10
Unit-6 Money and Banking 6
Unit-7 Determination of Income and Employment 12
Unit-8 Government Budget and the Economy 6
Unit-9 Balance of Payments 6
Part- C Project Assignment 20
  Total 100



Click to Download CBSE 12 Economics Syllabus 2017-18




Important Topics for CBSE Class 12 Economics Subject


The syllabus of Economics consists of 9 Units and sub-units and it’s a quite tough task to get through all the topics with full efficiency. So, we are providing a list of Important Topics of the Economics Class 12 Syllabus 2017-18.


Part- A: Introductory Microeconomics


Unit 1 – Introduction


 Economy Meaning

 Economics Meaning, Types, Scope and Subject Matter

 Economics Problems, Meaning, Causes, Extent

 Central Problems of an Economy

 Production Possibility Curve (PPC or PPF)

 Effect of Different National, International Events and Natural Conditions over PPC



Unit 2 – Consumers Equilibrium and Demand



 Consumer’s Equilibrium – Utility Approach

 Consumer’s Equilibrium – Indifference Curve Approach


 Price Elasticity of Demand



Unit 3 – Producer Behavior and Supply


 Production Function- Short- Run and Long -Run

 Returns to a Factor

 Relationship between MP & AP

 Meaning of Cost in Economics

 Different Types of Costs

 Revenue- Total, Average and Marginal Revenue

 Concept of Revenue

 Producers equilibrium meaning, condition in Marginal Cost and Revenue

 Supply and Price Elasticity



Unit 4 – Forms of Market and Price Determination


 Perfect Competition

 Monopolistic Competition.

 Simple Applications of Demand and Supply.

 Government Intervention- Price Ceiling, Price Floor.


Part- B: Introductory Macroeconomics


Unit 5 – National Income and Related Aggregates.


 Micro Economics and Macro Economics.

 Basic Concepts of National Income.

 Circular Flow of Income Concept.

 Concept of Domestic Income and National Income.

 Relationship between various aggregates related to National Income.

 Methods of National Income- Steps, Computation, and Precaution.

 Real and Nominal GDP- Meaning and Computation.

 GDP and Welfare.

 Externalities – Positive and Negative.



Unit 6 – Money and Banking


 Barter System


 Commercial Bank & Central Bank- Meaning and Difference

 Central Bank and its Functions



Unit 7 – Determination of Income and Employment


 Aggregate Demand and Supply- Meaning and Components

 Investment Multiplier

Equilibrium Level of Income/Output

 Deflationary and Inflationary Gap

 Effect of International Events and Government Policies Over National Income



Unit 8 – Government Budget and the Economy


 Government Budget- Objectives, Meaning and Components

 Classification of Receipts and Capital Receipts

 Classification – Revenue Expenditure and Capital Expenditure

 Measures of Budgets



Unit 9 – Balance of Payments


 Balance of Payments Account

 Components of Balance of Payment

 Balance of Current Account

 Balance of Capital Account

 Deficit in Balance of Payments

 Foreign Exchange Rate

 Fixed and Floating Exchange Rate System

 Demand and Supply of Foreign Exchange

 Determination of Exchange Rate in Free Market

 Foreign Exports/Imports/Demand or Supply of Foreign Exchange and Effects




CBSE Class 12 Informatics Practice Syllabus 2017-18


Informatics Practice (Code 065) is one of the Optional Subjects for commerce stream students. The subject comprises the information based on the data and knowledge related to Computer Science.




CBSE Class 12 Informatics Practice Chapter Wise Weightage 2017-18


Total no. of 3 Units worth 70 marks are there in Informatics Practice. To make some assistance in your preparations, we bought the list of Chapter wise weightage of the subjects given below –



Units Units Names Marking Weightage
Part- A Theory 70
Unit-1 Business Computing 10
Unit-2  Programming 30
Unit-3  Relational Database Management System 30
Part-B Project Assignment 30
Total 100 Marks




Click to Download Class 12 Informatics Practices Syllabus PDF




List of Important Topics for CBSE Class 12 Informatics Practices


Check out the unit wise list of important topics from the CBSE  syllabus for class 12 Informatics Practices 2017 18


Unit 1- Business Computing


 Introduction to Open Source and Based Software

 Terminology, Definitions and Software’s

 Application Areas of Data base

 Advanced Program Development Methodology



Unit 2- Programming


 Modules in Visual Basic


 Control Structures

 Functions and their Applications

 Data Control

 ADO (Active X Data Objects)



Unit 3- Relational Database Management System


 Database Fundamentals

 PL/SQL (Programming Language in SQL)





CBSE Class 12 Commerce CBSE Syllabus for Optional Subjects



Class 12 Commerce is not limited to the above given subjects, but Subjects like Physical Education, Mathematics, Computer Science and English is also essential for Class 12 Commerce Board Exams.


Check out the relevant Information about CBSE Class 12 Commerce Syllabus, Important Topics and Chapter Wise Weightage of other Subjects from the given table –






We tried to put on the best efforts for you to bring on the List of Important Topics in Commerce to make an assistance in your exam preparations.


We hope this would help you a lot in setting up the top priorities for your exam preparations. If you find it useful, then don’t forget to share the article with your friends.


If you get any doubts or have any suggestion, then you are most welcomed to share everything in the comment box with us.


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