Eduncle posted an Article
September 16, 2022 • 16:08 pm

How to Prepare for SSC CGL Tier 3? Tips & Topics for Descriptive Paper

How to prepare for SSC CGL Tier 3

SSC CGL Syllabus & Important Topics

It is known to every CGL aspirant that after qualifying Tier 1 & Tier 2 phase of SSC CGL Exam, you should appear for the Tier 3 Exam which is a descriptive test.

Earlier, the Staff Selection Commission used to take interview or personality test. But from the last year, the official authorities have ended the interview process and introduced a new level in which they check the writing skills of the candidates.

The offline pen and paper based exam also test your ability to form opinions and arguments on certain topics. This could be done by essay writing or letter writing. The exam also aims to evaluate your grammar and how you convey your ideas in a precis manner.



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While preparing for the Tier 3 phase, candidates may have a few questions like:

What is Tier 3 in SSC CGL?

Who is eligible for SSC CGL Tier 3 Exam?

Is SSC CGL Tier 3 conducted for all posts?

Is Tier 3 of SSC CGL qualifying in nature?

How to prepare for SSC CGL Tier 3 descriptive paper?

By going through this article, you will be able to get the answers of these questions.


Question Asked in SSC CGL Tier 3 Descriptive Paper 2018-19


SSC has successfully conducted the SSC CGL Tier 3 Exam (Descriptive paper) on 29th December 2019.

The questions asked in SSC CGL Tier 3 Exam 2018:

Essay: - Importance of Education in Present Time

Letter: - Assuming that you are Sunita/ Sunil, resident of gandhi road, Dwarka, New Delhi 110083. Write a letter to the manager of GD restaurant complaining about poor service and the quality of the food.



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Question Asked in SSC CGL Tier 3 Descriptive Paper 2017-18


SSC has successfully conducted the SSC CGL Tier 3 Exam (Descriptive paper) on 8th July 2018.

The questions asked in SSC CGL Tier 3 Exam 2017:

Essay: - How far demonetization has achieved its objective?

Letter: - You are Rajan/Rajni living at Lodhi Road, New Delhi you have been selected for the post of marketing manager your enterprises want you to join asap write a letter to the enterprises to delay the joining date by mentioning the acceptable reason.



Essentials to be Considered while SSC CGL Tier 3 Preparation


For SSC CGL Descriptive Paper (Tier 3) Preparation, you should keep the following fine points in mind:

The CGL Tier 3 Exam is of 100 marks.

It would be an offline pen & paper based exam.

Duration of the paper is 1 hour.

The topics would include Essay writing/Precis writing/Letter writing.

The marks of the exam are used to prepare the final merit list.

You can choose to write either in English or Hindi.

The essay writing for SSC CGL Tier 3 may carry 50 marks.

The letter writing and precis writing may carry 20-30 marks each. 


Must Read - How to Prepare SSC CGL 2022 Exam? 



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SSC CGL Tier 3 Preparation Tips and Strategy


As mentioned above that the new pattern of SSC CGL Tier 3 is introduced to test your writing skills. Therefore, practice writing as much as you can.

You have limited time to think and write, hence you must practice for essay writing which requires new ideas and expressions. Follow some of these points to score well in descriptive exam:


A. Source of Preparation


Read newspaper and magazines to develop your critical-thinking skills. This also helps you in improving your vocabulary and writing skills. Some newspapers which need to be followed are The Hindu, The Indian Express


B. Topics to be Covered


The articles you read should cover a wide range of recent topics. The most important topics for SSC CGL Tier 3 exam are:

Social Issues like unemployment, poverty, education, dowry system.

Finance & Economics Issues like RBI Bimonthly Policy, GST, GDP, Demonetization

World Politics like Brexit, North Korea sanctions, Syrian Refugee crisis, South China Sea.

Environment issues like Pollution, Swachh Bharat Abhiyan.

Science and Technology like Mangalyaan, Social Networks etc.

Government Schemes like Jan Dhan Yojana, Give up LPG Gas Subsidy Scheme etc.


Read some facts and figures about all the above given important topics for SSC CGL Tier 3 preparation. These will help you with better framing of your essay. Don’t study facts deeply but cover major points only along with accurate data. Also, make sure of reading more about current issues which can be asked.



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C. Time Management

Since you have 60 minutes to attempt 2-3 questions, you need to devote a fixed amount of time to each question. If precis writing is there, give it around 15 minutes. Another 15 minutes for letter writing and remaining 30 minutes for essay writing.


Check here complete SSC CGL Paper Pattern 2018-19


D. Order of Attempt

Always attempt essay first because it requires a lot of thinking and planning to write a decent and impactful essay.


E. Good Presentation

An effective presentation is must to have an impact on the reader/examiner. Avoid cutting and overwriting. Make sure you write all points and facts in a very neat handwriting. If you are not good at this, make sure that at least your hand writing is understandable.

Since you are writing SSC CGL descriptive paper, try to avoid grammatical mistakes as much as you can. After completing it, please give a thorough look by reading it again.

Now after common tips and methods for SSC CGL Tier 3 Preparation, we are going to discuss the question wise approach of the descriptive exam.



SSC CGL Tier 3 Syllabus and Important Topics


Syllabus of SSC CGL Tier 3 Exam includes Essay Writing, Letter Writing and Precis Writing. The syllabus can be wider than we expect, but you must prepare only the important topics that are recently in news.

Below we have shared the important topics for writing essays, letters and precis for SSC CGL Tier 3 Preparation.


Grab the accurate and updated SSC CGL 2018-19 Syllabus!



How to Write an Essay in SSC CGL Tier 3 (Descriptive Paper)?


Essay writing is an important topic in which you are not only tested based on your knowledge and grammar but also on your opinions. The major sources of essay topics for SSC CGL Tier 3, such as current affairs, Government Schemes, politics, environment etc. are very important.



How to Prepare for Essays?


You can prepare for essays for SSC CGL Tier 3 by reading and writing regularly.

Read as much as you can and analyze each article very deeply.

Reading editorials from the newspapers can help you in developing opinions. 



Know which kind of questions asked in SSC CGL Exam? Get Free SSC CGL Paper Analysis by Experts.



What Should Be the Structure of Essay?


Your essay writing for SSC CGL Tier 3 should be divided into 3 parts: Introduction, Body, Conclusion.

Introduction and conclusion should be around 50 words each and body should have around 150-200 words.

You can use SWOT (Strength, Weakness, Opportunities, Threat) analysis in it.

Be balanced with your approach and don’t write one sided essay.

SSC CGL Tier 3 Exam requires a flawless essay as they are expecting you to be above the par. You can make your essay catchier by using some quotes by famous personalities. Also, make sure that you write the correct quotes.

Don’t write unnecessary things in essays to make it lengthy. Remember that quality always matters than quantity. 



Trendy & Important Topics for Writing Essay


Here are some Essay topics for your SSC CGL Tier 3 preparation:


Right to Information

GST Bill

Use of Social Media

Women Empowerment

Pradhan Mantri Jan-Dhan Yojana

Beti Bachao, Beti Padhao

Measures to Control Black Money in India

Swachh Bharat Abhiyan

Make in India

Surgical Strikes



Letter Writing Tips for SSC CGL Tier 3 Exam


You should write a letter in the formal language to present your views. Try to avoid short forms and slangs. They want a good format with good content which you can write by practicing.



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What should be the Structure of a Letter?


Follow the basic structure and try to practice in the same format.

This will test your vocabulary and grammar.

Give proper space between the two paragraphs and use punctuations wherever needed.



Expected Topics for Letter Writing


Here is the list of expected topics for letter writing in SSC CGL Tier 3 preparation:


A. Letter to editor/governing in-charge

Complain letter on degrading conditions of roads in your locality.

Complain letter on irregularities in Public Distribution System (PDS).

Letter to present your views on Women Empowerment.

Letter to present your views on the Education System.


B. Application Letter

Letter for a job interview.

Letter to prepone your date of joining. 



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Precis Writing Tips for SSC CGL Tier 3 Preparation


A precis is a miniature summary of a passage in which you should retain essential points in your own words. In SSC CGL Tier 3, they want to test how you interpret things and how you express yourself.

The one aspect you should keep in mind that you don’t have to add a new information in it, but should retain the same opinions given by the author. As far as writing is concerned, one should write correct and effective points.



How to prepare for Precis?


Keep in mind that precis should be 1/3rd lengthy as compared to original paragraph.

By covering the important points and leaving the unnecessary ones, you can write it in your own words.



What should be the Structure of a Precis?


Closely read the paragraph and identify the central idea of it. It is important to retain the central idea and write according to that.

Highlight the important points of the passage and make notes.

Give a suitable topic to your precis.

Try to arrange important points in the same order in which they are given in the original paragraph.

Be aware about the word limit given in SSC CGL Tier 3 paper and count them by making a rough approximation.

Never express your thoughts and opinions in the precis.

Do not use abbreviations and slangs.





Concluding Note


SSC CGL Tier 3 preparation is all about writing your thoughts & opinions and how effectively you express them. Hence it is important to develop your thinking by reading more and practicing by writing.

Don’t be afraid of writing it wrong. Just practice writing. You will learn the skills with time. Just give your best.

In the end, if you have any queries and confusion regarding any point, you can write them in the comments section below.


Thank You!!





Showing 4 comments out of 7
  • Pratima maddhesiya

    Hello sir, I have qualified cgl tier1 but i have not given tier 2 exam because of some reason and my tier 3 admit card has come so should I give tier 3 exam or not please suggest me


    Hello Pratima,
    Greetings from Eduncle!
    To clear the final cutoff, you have to appear in all three tiers of SSC CGL exam. So, you should give exam of all Tiers.
    Thank You!!

  • Tina

    if we have to write '8 lakh' or '8 thousand' should it be written in one box ? and same query for hyphenated words


    2 different boxes i.e. 8 in one box and thousand in another box

  • Narendra

    Is cursive writing/running handwriting necessary in descriptive paper tier 3


    Hello Narendra,
    Greetings from Eduncle!
    The cursive writing is not necessary in descriptive paper. It should be neat and clean.
    Thanks for asking your query with us!


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