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Shalini Sharma @Eduncle posted an Article
August 9, 2019 • 11:38 am

Prepare General Intelligence & Reasoning for SSC 2018-19 [Tips & Study Material]

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The Staff Selection Commission (SSC) is a Central Government recruiting body, which gives students many chances to get placed on reputed positions in Government organizations.

The Staff Selection Commission conducts SSC CGL, CHSL, CPO, GD and other exams for recruiting the Indian youth. Generally, candidates find it difficult to touch the cut off marks in Logical Reasoning Test because, most of the topics create confusion in your mind. So, here we are to make it simpler for you to clear the cut off marks in the General Intelligence and Reasoning section of SSC Exams.

 

 

Download Now customized study material for SSC CHSL and invest your efforts in the right direction with Eduncle.

 

 

Qualifying SSC Exams is not an easy task because, every year, lakhs of candidates appear in this exam but approximate 10k candidates qualify for various posts under various ministries, organizations, and departments of Government of India.

Below, we are providing the complete details of SSC General Intelligence and Reasoning Section such as exam pattern, syllabus, difficulty level, important topics, books etc. So, stay tuned with us and read further to boost your preparation.

 

 

Exam Pattern of SSC General Intelligence & Reasoning Section (CGL, CHSL, CPO, GD Exams)

 

General Intelligence and Reasoning section plays a very important role in SSC Exams. Negative marking in this section is comparatively higher because most of the SSC Reasoning Questions are attempted wrongly by the candidates. So, you should know the paper pattern to boost your preparation. It contains 50 marks in all SSC Exams (25 marks in SSC GD Exam).

Below, you can check the table of exam pattern for SSC Exams such as SSC CGL , CHSL, CPO and GD.

 

 

Exam Pattern of General Intelligence & Reasoning for SSC CGL

 

No. of questions: 25

Total marks: 50

Marks per correct answer: 2

Negative Marking for incorrect answer: 0.5

Paper Mode: Online

Question Type: Multiple choice objective type

Check out complete SSC CGL Exam Pattern

 

 

Exam Pattern of General Intelligence & Reasoning for SSC CHSL

 

No. of questions: 25

Total marks: 50

Marks per correct answer: 2

Negative Marking for incorrect answer: 0.5

Paper Mode: Online

Question Type: Multiple choice objective type

Check out complete SSC CHSL Exam Pattern

 

 

CPO Exam Pattern for General Intelligence & Reasoning Section

 

No. of questions: 50

Total marks: 50

Marks per correct answer: 1

Negative Marking for incorrect answer: 0.25

Paper Mode: Online

Question Type: Multiple choice objective type

Check out complete SSC CPO Exam Pattern

 

 

GD Exam Pattern for General Intelligence & Reasoning Section

 

No. of questions: 25

Total marks: 25

Marks per correct answer: 1

Paper Mode: Online / Offline

Question Type: Multiple choice objective type

Check out complete SSC GD Exam Pattern

 

Download Mock Test series for various subjects and rank yourself before main SSC CGL Exam.

 

 

General Intelligence and Reasoning Syllabus for SSC CGL, CHSL, CPO, GD Exams

 

Candidates who are preparing for SSC Exams such as CGL, SSC CHSL, CPO, GD etc. should check the complete syllabus of all sections. After that, you can strategize these topics in such a manner that they can be solved easily within the time limit.

We are providing the complete General Intelligence & Reasoning syllabus for SSC Exams. You can see all the topics in the tables below.

 

 

General Intelligence and Reasoning Syllabus for SSC CGL

 

S. No.

Topics

1.

Syllogism

2.

Seating Arrangement

3.

Blood Relation

4.

Directions

5.

Coding-Decoding

6.

Statement and Conclusions

7.

Statement and Assumptions

8.

Analogy

9.

Ranking

10.

Series Problems

11.

Non Verbal Reasoning

 

Check Out Complete SSC CGL Syllabus.

 

 

General Intelligence and Reasoning Syllabus for SSC CHSL

 

S. No.

Topics

1.

Semantic Analogy

2.

Symbolic/Number Analogy

3.

Figural Analogy

4.

Semantic Classification

5.

Symbolic/Number Classification

6.

Figural Classification

7.

Semantic Series

8.

Number Series

9.

Figural Series

10.

Problem Solving

11.

Word Building

12.

Coding and Decoding

13.

Numerical operations

14.

Symbolic operations

15.

Symbolic operations

16.

Space Orientation

17.

Venn Diagrams

18.

Drawing inferences

19.

Punched hole/pattern – folding & unfolding

20.

Figural Pattern - folding and completion

21.

Embedded figures

22.

Critical Thinking

23.

Emotional Intelligence

24.

Social Intelligence

25.

Other sub-topics

 

Check Out Complete SSC CHSL Syllabus.

 

 

General Intelligence and Reasoning Syllabus for SSC CPO

 

S. No.

Topics

1.

Analogies

2.

Similarities and differences

3.

Space visualization

4.

Spatial orientation

5.

Problem-solving

6.

Analysis

7.

Judgment

8.

Decision making

9.

Visual memory

10.

Discrimination

11.

Observation

12.

Relationship concepts

13.

Arithmetical reasoning and figural classification

14.

Arithmetic number series

15.

Non-verbal series

16.

Coding and decoding

17.

Statement conclusion

18.

Syllogistic reasoning

 

Check Out Complete SSC CPO Syllabus.

 

 

General Intelligence and Reasoning Syllabus for SSC GD

 

S. No.

Topics

1.

Analogies

2.

Similarities and differences

3.

Spatial Visualization

4.

Spatial orientation

5.

Visual Memory

6.

Discrimination

7.

Observation

8.

Relationship Concepts

9.

Arithmetical Reasoning and Figural Classification

10.

Arithmetic Number Series

11.

Non-Verbal Series

12.

Coding and Decoding

 

Check Out Complete SSC GD Syllabus.

 

 

No. of Reasoning Questions Asked in SSC Exams (Verbal and Nonverbal Reasoning)

 

Here are some topics and number of reasoning questions asked in SSC Exams such as SSC CPO , CG, CHSL GD etc. for Aptitude and Logical Reasoning Test. The below table will help you out to make a plan and manage your time according to weightage of each topic.

 

 

 

Difficulty Level of General Intelligence and Reasoning for SSC CGL

 

Topic

No of Questions

Level

Syllogism

1

Moderate

Matrix

1

Easy

Blood Relation

1

Easy

Non-Verbal (Image)

1

Easy

Odd one out

2-3

Easy-Moderate

Coding-Decoding

4-5

Easy-Moderate

Direction Sense Test

1

Easy-Moderate

Analogy

4

Moderate

Series

6

Easy-Moderate

Miscellaneous

9

Easy-Moderate

 

 

Difficulty Level of General Intelligence and Reasoning for SSC CHSL

 

Topic

No of Questions

Level

Matrix

1

Moderate

Analogy

2-3

Easy

Series

2-3

Easy

Blood Relation

3

Easy

Odd one out

2-3

Easy-Moderate

Classification

3-4

Moderate

Distance and Directions

2

Easy

Statements and Conclusions

1-2

Moderate

Miscellaneous

5

Easy-Moderate

 

 

Difficulty Level of General Intelligence and Reasoning for SSC CPO

 

Topic

No of Questions

Level

Analogy

6

Easy-Moderate

Blood relation

1

Easy

Coding-decoding

2

Easy

Cubes

1

Easy

Dice

1

Easy

Directions

2

Easy

Matrix based

2

Easy

Meaningful order

1

Easy

Missing number

4

Moderate-difficult

Odd one out

6

Moderate-difficult

Series

5

Easy

Statement-conclusion

1

Easy

Statement-conclusion (Quant Based)

1

Moderate

Venn diagram

3

Easy-Moderate

Visual Reasoning

8

Moderate

Word formation

2

Easy

Age

1

Easy

Comparison

1

Easy

Puzzles

2

Moderate-difficult

 

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Important Topics of General Intelligence & Reasoning for SSC Exams 2018-19

 

Here are some important topics for candidates who have high weightage in all SSC Exams whether its SSC GD or CGL etc.

Syllogism

Seating Arrangement

Blood Relation

Directions

Coding-Decoding

Statement and Conclusions

Statement and Assumptions

Analogy

Ranking

Series Problems

Non Verbal Reasoning

 

 

Analogy

 

This is one of the important topics asked in Logical Reasoning section. Here are the basic concepts, you should know to solve the questions from this topic. Analogy can be defined as drawing a comparison in order to show a similarity in some respect.

Analogy Reasoning Questions are based on comparisons. The Commission will give some pairs in the exam paper and you have to find out the similar pair of the given pair.

There are various types of Logical Reasoning Questions from Analogy.

 

Example 1: Completing Analog Pair

Oasis: Sand :: Island: ?

a) River   b) Sea   c) Water   d) Waves

Here, the first pair is ->"Oasis: Sand" and the second pair is "Island:?". And, "::" sign means first pair and second pair share similar relationship. 'Oasis' is a mass of water amidst 'Sand'; similarly 'Island' is a mass of land amidst 'water'.

Note: It'd be Island: Sea had the first pair been Oasis: Desert. We’re given the name of thing desert is made of i.e. Sand. So, we’ll use the name of thing Sea is made of i.e. Water

 

Example 2: Simple Analogy

Sweet is to Chocolate as Book is to...?

a) Dictionary    b) Library    c) Encyclopedia    d) Atlas 

Here, Chocolate can be sweet or bitter but 'Sweet' is the enlarged form of chocolate. Similarly, 'Encyclopedia' is an enlarged form of a 'book'.

 

Example 3: Number-Based Analogy

25: 37 :: 49: ?

a) 41    b) 56    c) 60    d) 65  

Here, in 25 : 37 the pattern can be explained as x2 : [(x+1)2+1] where x2 is the first element as 25 = 5^2 and [(x+1)2+1] is the second element as 36 = (5+1)2 + 1.
For 49, we know that 49 = 72 so second element = [(7+1)2+1] = 65 which is option d)

 

 

Coding Decoding

 

You can easily score in this topic. You just need to learn this table which will help you to save time in these SSC Reasoning Questions.

 

Alphabets

Alphabetical Order

Reverse Order

A

1

26

B

2

25

C

3

24

D

4

23

E

5

22

F

6

21

G

7

20

H

8

19

I

9

18

J

10

17

K

11

16

L

12

15

M

13

14

N

14

13

O

15

12

P

16

11

Q

17

10

R

18

9

S

19

8

T

20

7

U

21

6

V

22

5

W

23

4

X

24

3

Y

25

2

Z

26

1

 

Example 1:

If COURSE is coded in FRXUVH how is RACE is coded in that code?

In this given word each letter is moved three letters forward so R will be coded as U, A as D, C as F, E as H

 

Example 2:

In a certain code, TRIPPLE is written as SQHOOKD. How is DISPOSE written in that code?

Each letter in the word is moved one step backward to obtain the corresponding letter of the code. So, DISPOSE written as CHRONRD.

Here is another type of coding-decoding questions which will include numbers.

 

Example 3:

ROPE= 6821

CHAIR= 73456

CRAPE=?

R O P E C H A I

6 8 2 1 7 3 4 5

 

 

Statement Conclusion

 

A statement is a group of words arranged to form a meaningful sentence in reasoning test. A conclusion is a judgment or decision reached after consideration of the given statement.

This topic is considered one of the important topics in SSC General Intelligence & Reasoning Section. There are following types of questions on this topic.

  • One statement with Two Conclusion Based
  • More than Two Statements and Conclusion Based

 

 

Analytical Reasoning

 

Analytical Reasoning tests your visual aptitude. In this part of non verbal reasoning, Commission will give some shapes and ask you to interpret those shapes such as 'How many numbers of triangles in the given figure?' etc. So, we are explaining statements with the help of examples that are given below:

 

Example 1:

Count the number of squares in the given figure?

figure-1

 

Answer: 30

 

Example 2:

What is the minimum number of colors required to fill the spaces in the given diagram without any two adjacent spaces having the same color?

figure-2

 

Answer: 3

 

Example 3:

Find the number of triangles in the given figure?

figure-3

 

Answer: 14

 

 

Arrangement-Direction

 

This includes arrangements (Circular, Line, Building etc.)

NOTE: In whole non verbal reasoning section these questions are the most time consuming. So, if you stuck in some questions then leave that question and proceed

In arrangement question, you can verify the answer by applying the "condition" given in the question to your arrangement.

Here are some basic rules of Direction Questions.

At the time of sunrise, if a man stands facing the east, his shadow will be towards the west.

At the time of sunset, the shadow of an object is always in the east.

If a man stands facing the North, at the time of sunrise his shadow will be towards his left and at the time of sunset, it will be towards his right.

 

 

Blood Relations

 

The verbal reasoning questions which are asked in this section depend upon Human Relations/Family Tree. You should have a sound knowledge of the blood relation in order to solve the questions.

To remember easily the relations may be divided into two sides as given below:

Relations of Paternal side

Relations of Maternal side

Relations from one generation to next

 

Example:

Pointing to a photograph of a boy Suresh said, "He is the son of the only son of my mother." How is Suresh related to that boy?

Answer: Father

 

 

SSC Study Plan - Make a Strategy for SSC Exams and Get High Score

 

Study plan always helps you to strategize your preparation. It helps you to manage your time. If you want to prepare for the Government Exams, you should follow some preparation tips that are given below:

Know the complete reasoning syllabus for SSC and also the exam pattern.

Clear your basic concepts of aptitude and logical reasoning.

Make your own notes so that you can revise easily.

Learn always short and simple reasoning tricks to save your time.

It is very important to analyze your preparation. So, you should solve Verbal and Non Verbal Reasoning Questions and give Reasoning Test to find your weak areas.

Devote extra time for your weak areas.

You should also solve Reasoning Puzzles.

You can read about other subjects too, which are asked in SSC Exams like -

 

SSC General Awareness

SSC English

SSC Quantitative Aptitude

 

 

Plan to Score High with SSC Reasoning Books

 

You can refer the best book for reasoning, list of which is suggested below to compete with lakhs of students appearing for SSC CGL, CHSL, CPO, GD etc.

 

SSC Reasoning Books

 

S. No.

Reasoning Books

Author

1.

Analytical Reasoning

M K Pandey

2.

Verbal and Non Verbal Reasoning

R S Aggarwal

3.

Verbal and Non Verbal Reasoning Hindi

Kiran Publication

4.

A New Approach to Reasoning Verbal and Non Verbal English

B S Sijwali, Indu Sijwali

5.

Logical & Analytical Reasoning - English

A K Gupta

 

Download Now Sample Papers and get through SSC CGL with Eduncle.

 

You can also read online to save your time and monotonous schedule. Eduncle gives you full freedom to manage your studies according to your comfort or convenience. It is an Online learning platform to grow and rank higher in competitive exams like IBPS, SSC, Railways etc.

Aptitude and Logical Reasoning tricks and the above information will help you to boost your preparation, so that you can get good marks in reasoning test. You can share your queries and views in the comment box below.

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All the Best

 

 

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