Sometimes, memorization is necessary and when it comes to Chemistry, you must know how to memorize periodic table and its elements. Because without knowing the elements, you’re missing out on the foundation required to learn the rest of what chemistry has to offer.
It is very important chapter. Every year 2-3 questions are asked from this topic in CBSE, IIT JEE, IIT JAM, NEET and other Science Exams.
Dmitri Mendeleev, a Russian chemist and inventor, is considered the "father" of the periodic table. The table is also known as Mendeleev Periodic Table.
The Periodic Table consists of names, symbols, atomic numbers and atomic weight of the element.
The table is arranged in two manner that, elements within each vertical column are similar or have something in common are called Groups where elements in one period have same number of electron shells forms.
Metals reside on the left side of the table, while non-metals reside on the right.
There are 118 confirmed elements in the periodic table. Among those, 90 elements can be found in nature, others are man-made.
Acronyms and Acrostics??
Acronyms and acrostics are ‘first letter Mnemonics’.
Acronyms chunk words together, which is good (even if they are nonsense) and acrostics gives more meaning to the sentence. Here is the example which help you to understand:
United States of America is often written as USA. That’s an acronym.
Let’s start some fun, interesting mnemonics in Hindi and English to memorize elements along each group or period.
However, you don’t need to memorize the synthetic elements, which are the elements from atomic number 104 to 118.
|Groups/Periods||Mnemonics for Periodic Table in Hindi||Periodic Table Elements|
|Group 1||HaLiNa K Rb Csey Fryad||H, Li, Na, K, Ru, Cs, Fr|
|Group 2||Beta Mange Car Scoter Bap Razi||Be, Mg, Ca, Sr, Br, Ra|
|Group 13||Began, Aaloo, Gajar In Thela||B, Al, Ga, In, Ti|
|Group 14||Chemistry Sir Gives Sanki Problems||C Si Ge Sn Pb|
|Group 15||Nana Patekar Aishwariya SaB Bikhari||Ni P As Sb Bi|
|Group 16||Oye Sun Saxena Teri Pol Kholu||O S Se Te Po|
|Group 17||Faltu Class mein Boring Instructor Aata hai||F Cl Br I At|
|Group 18||He Never Argue; Kal Xero Run pe out hua||He Ne Ar Kr Xe Rn|
|Period 4||Science Ti(ea)cher Vineeta Criplani Man Fenko (FeCo) Ni Kyun (Cu) Zaan hai?||Sc Ti V Cr Mn Fe Co Ni Cu Zn|
|Period 5||Ye Zara Nawaab Maut Tak Rooh Rahegi Padhaai Aage Chhodo||Y Zr Nb Mo Tc Ru Rh Pd Ag Cd|
|Period 6||La HafTa Warna Re Us (Os) Iron rod se Pitega Aur Hospital JAeega||Lu Hf Tu W Re Os Ir Pt Au Hg|
|Period 7||Akkountant R D Sharma ki Book Mein Hain Maths ke Darawane Sawaal||Ac Rf Db Sg Bh Hs Mt Ds|
|Lanthanides 1||John Cena Parson New Delhi main Prime minister Se Mila||Ce Pr Nd Pm Sm|
|Lanthanides 3||Engineer Tum Yebhi Luto||Eu Gd Tb Dy Ho|
|Actinides 1||Thode Papa Unse Napenge.||Th Pa U Np|
|Actinides 2||Purana Aam K(C)am Bikenge.||Pu Am Cm Bk|
|Actinides 3||Final Mood No Larai||Fm Md No Lr|
|Groups/Periods||Mnemonics for Periodic Table in English||Periodic Table Elements|
|Group 1||Highly Naive Kids Rub Cat’s Fur||H, Li, Na, K, Ru, Cs, Fr|
|Group 2||Beena (and) Meghna Came Straight Back Rapidly||Be, Mg, Ca, Sr, Br, Ra|
|Group 13||B A G I T||B, Al, Ga, In, Ti|
|Group 14||Cute Sisters Get Small (TINy) Problems||C Si Ge Sn Pb|
|Group 15||New Police Assigns Subordinate Bikram on duty||Ni P As Sb Bi|
|Group 16||Oh, Seema Sent The Post||O S Se Te Po|
|Group 17||First Class Biriyani In Austria||F Cl Br I At|
|Group 18||Hero Never Arrived; Kiran Xeroxed from Rohan||He Ne Ar Kr Xe Rn|
|Period 4||Science Ti(ea)cher Vineeta Criplani (and) Manager Feroz Could Not Cut Zinc||Sc Ti V Cr Mn Fe Co Ni Cu Zn|
|Period 5||Yes, Zero Nobody. Most Teachers Rechecked Rohan’s Papers Again to Confirm||Y Zr Nb Mo Tc Ru Rh Pd Ag Cd|
|Period 6||Laxman’s Half Taken, Wasim Reached Out Iron Plate Audibly (for) Honey||Lu Hf Tu W Re Os Ir Pt Au Ag|
|Period 7||Aktually, R D Sharma Book Has Math Difficult Sums||Ac Rf Db Sg Bh Hs Mt Ds|
|Lanthanides 2||Europe Germany Turkey Denmark Holland||Eu Gd Tb Dy Ho|
Now, take a tour to all the block one by one in detail. To know, scroll the blog-
If the periodic table were a city, the s-block would be a small neighborhood filled with similar houses and properties. The s-block is located to the far left and consists of two groups.
Group 1 is known as Alkali Metals. It includes Lithium (Li), Sodium (Na), Potassium (K), Rubidium (Ru), Caesium (Cs), and Francium (Fr).
To memorize this group, we use a sentence –
HighlyNaive Kids Rub Cat’s Fur
HaLiNa K Rb Csey Fryad
Group 2 is known as Alkaline Earth Metals. It includes Beryllium (Be), Magnesium (Mg), Calcium (Ca), Strontium (Sr), Barium (Br), and Radium (Ra).
Mnemonic for Group 2:
Beta Mange Car Scooter Baap Rone se Raazi
Beta Mange (Mg) Car Scoter (Sr) Bap Razi (Ra)
Beena (and) Meghna Came Straight Back Rapidly
Read the basic concept of periodic table from here.
Come on a tour of the p-block, an area on the periodic table filled with an incredibly diverse group of elements. It includes elements from the six columns beginning with column 13 and ending with column 18.
Group 13 is known as Boron Group. It includes Boron (B), Aluminium (Al), Gallium (Ga), Indium (In), and Thallium (Tl).
Mnemonic of Group 13:
B A G I T
Began, Aaloo, Gajar In Thela
Babar Ali Gallani Indian They (Tl)
Group 14 is known as Carbon Group. It includes Carbon (C), Silicon (Si), Germanium (Ge), Tin (Sn), and Lead (Pb).
Mnemonic for Group 14:
Chemistry Sir Gives Sanki Problems
Che Sita Ge Suno Prbhu
Chale Shiv Ge Sang Parbati
Cute Sisters Get Small (TINy) Problems
Chemistry Sir Gaye Sunday Pub Main
Group 15 is known as the Nitrogen Group. It consists Nitrogen (N), Phosphorus (P), Arsenic (As), Antimony (Sb), and Bismuth (Bi).
Mnemonic for Group 15:
Nahi Pasand Aise Sab Bhai
Nahi Pyaare Aise Sab Bigad Jaayega
Nana Patekar Aishwariya SaB Bikhari
New Police Assigns Subordinate Bikram on duty
Nana Papa Aajao Sab Bihar
Group 16 is known as Oxygen Group. It includes Oxygen (O), Sulphur (S), Selenium (Se), Tellurium (Te), and the radioactive element Polonium (Po).
Group 16 mnemonic are:
Oh! Style Se Tel Polish Ker
Oh, Seema Sent The Post
Oye Sun Saxena Teri Pol Kholu
Group 17 is known as the group of Halogens. It includes Fluorine (F), Chlorine (Cl), Bromine (Br), Iodine (I), and Astatine (At).
Mnemonic for Group 17:
Fir Call kar Bahaar AayI Aunty
Fufa Chachi Brother Inhone Atta Khaya
“Floor Cleaner Broke?” I Asked it
Free Class Bears Indian Attitude
First Class Biriyani In Austria
Faltu Class (mein) Boring Instructor Aata hai
Group 18 is known as the group of Noble Gases, excluding Helium. The group includes Helium (He), Neon (Ne), Argon (Ar), Krypton (Kr), Xenon (Xe), and the radioactive Radon (Rn).
Mnemonic for Group 18:
He Never Argue; Kal Xero Run pe out hua
Hero Never Arrived; Kiran Xeroxed from Rohan
Noble gases, excluding Helium. Normally, they are all odorless and colorless gases with very low chemical reactivity.
Get chapter of Periodic table in PDF format by clicking on the button given below.
Let’s take you to the tour of d-block elements. D-block elements occupy the space between the s-block and p-block in the periodic table.
It includes elements consist of element groups 3 to 12. Groups 3 to 11 are also known as transitional metals. Group 12 elements, which have its d subshell completely filled, are also known as post-transition elements.
Period 4 elements includes are Scandium (Sc), Titanium (Ti), Vanadium (V), Chromium (Cr), Manganese (Mn), Iron (Fe), Cobalt (Co), Nickel (Ni), Copper (Cu) and Zinc (Zn).
Mnemonic for Period 4:
Science Ti(ea)cher Vineeta Criplani (and) Manager Feroz Could Not Cut Zinc
Science Ti(ea)cher Vineeta Criplani Man Fenko (FeCo) Ni Kyun (Cu) Zaan hai?
Read as: Science Teacher Vineeta Kriplani manfenko ni kyun zaan hai?
Period 5 includes are Yttrium (Y), Zirconium (Zr), Niobium (Nb), Molybdenum (Mo), Technetium (Tc), Ruthenium (Ru), Rhodium (Rh), Pd (Palladium), Silver (Ag) and Cadmium (Cd).
Mnemonic for Period 5:
Yes, Zero Nobody. Most Teachers Rechecked Rohan’s Papers Again to Confirm
Ye Zara Nawaab Maut(Mo) Tak(Tc) Rooh(Ru) Rahegi Padhaai Aage Chhodo
Yeh Zindagi Nahi Mohabbat Teri Ro Rokar Pukaregi Aaj (tujhe ye) Chandni
Yeh Zarra Nabi bana Mohabaat mein T(c)eri, R(u)o R(h)o P(d)ukarogi Aaj(g) ise Chandni.
Read as: Yeh Zarra Nabi bana Mohabbat mein Teri, Ro Ro Pukarogi Aaj ise Chandni.
The elements of period 5 show many exceptions to Maledung rule.
Period 6 includes the lanthanides or rare earths and includes are Lutetium (Lu), Hafnium (Hf), Tantalum (Ta), Tungsten (W), Rhenium (Re), Osmium (Os), Iridium (Ir), Platinum (Pt), Gold (Au) and Mercury (Hg).
Mnemonic for Period 6:
Lundon H(f)ong Kong T(a)okyo Washington Re Osama Idhar nahin, Pata nahin Aur kahan H(g)ai
Laxman’s Half Taken, Wasim Reached Out Iron Plate Audibly (for) Honey
La HafTa Warna Re Us (Os) Iron (rod se) Pitega Aur Hospital JAeega
Period 7 contains the radioactive elements only and includes are Actinium (Ac), Rutherfordium (Rf), Dubnium (Db), Seaborgium (Sg), Bohrium (Bh), Hassium (Hs), Meitnerium (Mt), and Darmstadtium (Ds).
Mnemonic for Period 7:
Ak(c)ele R(f) D(b) S(g)harma ki B(h)ook mein H(s)ain Maths ke Difficult sawaal
Aktually, R D Sharma Book Has Math Difficult Sums
Akkountant R D Sharma ki Book Mein Hain Maths ke Darawane Sawaal
Download the periodic table question in PDF for chemistry and get the solutions from below button.
f-block elements known as Inner Transition Elements. They can be divided into Lanthanides and Actinides.
D-block elements and F-block elements show considerable similarities across the periods too.
Lanthanides include Cerium (Ce), Praseodymium (Pr), Neodymium (Nd), Promethium (Pm), Samarium (Sm), Europium (Eu), Gadolinium (Gd), Terbium (Tb), Dysprosium (Dy), Holmium (Ho), Erbium (Er), Thulium (Tm), Ytterbium (Yb) and Lutetium (Lu).
We can learn in three parts:
Lanthanides Part 1: Cerium (Ce), Praseodymium (Pr), Neodymium (Nd), Promethium (Pm), and Samarium (Sm)
John Cena Parson New Delhi main Prime minister Se Mila
Lanthanides Part 2: Europium (Eu), Gadolinium (Gd), Terbium (Tb), Dysprosium (Dy), and Holmium (Ho)
Europe Germany Turkey Denmark Holland
Lanthanides Part 3: Erbium (Er), Thulium (Tm), Ytterbium (Yb) and Lutetium (Lu)
Engineer Tum Yebhi Luto
Actinides includes Thorium (Th), Protactinium (Pa), Uranium (U), Neptunium (Np), Plutonium (Pu), Americium (Am), Curium (Cm), Berkelium (Bk), Fermium (Fm), Mendelevium (Md), Nobelium (No), and Lawrencium (Lr)
We can learn all these in three parts too:
Actinides Part 1: Thorium (Th), Protactinium (Pa), Uranium (U), and Neptunium (Np)
Thode Papa Unse Napenge.
Actinides Part 2: Plutonium (Pu), Americium (Am), Curium (Cm), Berkelium (Bk)
Purana Aam K(C)am Bikenge.
Actinides Part 3: Fermium (Fm), Mendelevium (Md), Nobelium (No), and Lawrencium (Lr)
Final Mood No Larai
In this blog we have provided easy way to learn periodic table. We hope these mnemonics for periodic table helped you to learn periodic table of elements.
If you’ve more tricks to remember periodic table or any other query, please write to us in the comment section.