Eduncle posted an Article
September 09, 2022 • 11:32 am

Medical Entrance Exams | Courses in Indian Medical Education System

Medical Entrance Exams

Welcome to the words of Eduncle!!

Your eagerness to know about the career in the fields of medical sciences has made you to land at the right platform- “Eduncle”.

You might be a beginner, a student seeking a career medical profession and who is about to start preparing for the medical entrance exams (at UG level) or someone who has started his journey of medical preparation leading to a career in these fields, and who is highly interested to know all about it!!!!

Either way, in India you need to give Medical Entrance Exams after 12th to pursue a career as a Doctor or as other related medical professionals.

But since every year more than 13 lakh aspirants appear for the very first exam (i.e. pre-medical entrances leading to a career in medicine), hence the competition gets tough at the very first stage of a career in medicine.

In this article, we at Eduncle have tried to cover medical entrance exams in India and have mentioned about several other aspects of this stream.

After going through this article on “medical entrance exams”, you would get to know: -


Medical Courses in Indian Medical Education System

Institution that Regulate Medical Education in India (MCI)

Patterns and Formats for Medical Entrance Exams

NTA-NEET(For UG Course)

AIIMS (For MBBS Course)

Jipmer (For MBBS Course)


Medical Courses in Indian Medical Education System













Sowa Rigpa


You must be willing to know the options to pursue medical education in India. For it, just lay your eyes below!!!! 

In Indian medical education system, there are several courses that include western medical science also known as “Modern Medicine” (considered as the mainstream) and other allied medical courses, imparted at the numerous Government or Private Medical colleges of India. These are: -

Western Medical science that includes MBBS, MD, MS, BDS, and MDS.

Medical sciences which are said to be of Indian origin, also known as AYUSH. It includes Ayurveda, Yoga, and Naturopathy, Unani, Siddha, Sowa Rigpa and Homoeopathy (not of Indian origin).


Although, among all the various medical courses and degrees that can be availed in India, M.B.B.S is the highly sought-after course that a medical aspirant tries to get in, through Medical Entrance Exams after 12th class.

We guess that you also would be interested to crack the medical entrance exam and opt for MBBS course,in that case, you must know its time period specifications!

Now let’s assume that you cracked the medical entrance exam!!

Then therein, as a medical student you would require to complete a study for four and a half years, and then a year-long rotatory internship (compulsory), leading you to the entitlement of the MBBS degree.

After MBBS, as a medical student, you can go for P.G courses, for which you again need to crack P.G Medical Entrance Exams.

At the P.G level of medical studies, there are different specialty subjects that lead to degrees like MD, MS, DNB.

Again, after the P.G courses, you can choose to go for super specialty courses which will entitle you to be a super specialized doctor in several streams like: -

  1. Cardiology
  2. Neurology
  3. Oncology
  4. Nephrology
  5. Gastroenterology
  6. Endocrinology
  7. Immunology, etc.



BDS and MDS Courses


Beyond MBBS course, you would be having another option where you can go for dentistry and study BDS (at U.G level), and MDS (at P.G level).

In general, you would be required to do the course of BDS, in a similar way to that of MBBS with a slight difference. Here, you would be doing a 5-year Bachelor of Dental Surgery course (BDS), which includes a duration of study for 4 years and a year of internship at last.

After BDS, you can go for a three-year P.G course in dental sciences, where you would be specialized as a Master of Dental Surgery (MDS).



The Institution that Regulates Medical Education in India


If you want to be a doctor or say a medical professional, then you must know about the instution that regulates medical education in India.

So, let us carry you forward and introduce the MCI!!


MCI (The Medical Council of India) – The main regulatory body of medical science education in India


In 1934, the Medical Council of India was established under the provisions as stated in the Indian Medical Council Act of 1933.

Its main function is to establish uniform standards of higher qualifications in medicine, in Indian medical colleges. It also regulates, provides and maintains the recognition of medical qualifications in India and abroad.

The Council’s main objectives are:

To maintains uniform standards at both the levels of undergraduate and postgraduate medical education.

To make a recommendation, in order to recognise recognize or de-recognise de-recognize the medical qualifications of various medical institutions, be it India medical institutions or medical institutions of foreign countries.

To provide registration (either Permanent or provisional) to the doctors possessing recognised recognized  medical qualifications.

To delegate the matters with foreign countries, in order to mutually recognise the medical qualifications of their respective countries.


Medical Entrance Exams Leading to Medical and Dental Courses


Across India, the entrance examinations that are conducted for admission to medical and dental courses for seats belonging to all India quota, are: -

  1. NEET (A.K.A NEET UG, for Undergraduate courses),
  2. NEET PG (for Postgraduation courses),
  3. NEET MDS.

As defined in the two acts of importance (related to the medical education) i.e.-

  1. Indian Medical Council Act-1956.
  2. Dentist Act-1948. 

These medical entrances which are mentioned above, cover all the seats allotted for all India quota in the medical colleges of Indian territories.

Whereas there are some institutes of national importance made by the acts of parliament, and special rights have been granted to them to conduct their own entrance examinations at both the UG and PG levels and provide admissions to undergraduate and postgraduate courses.

These are: -


Primer medical institutes of national importance


AIIMS, New Delhi,


JIPMER, Puducherry,


PGIMER Chandigarh

PGIMER (for P.G courses only)



Various UG Medical Entrance Exams of importance


You are/would be entitled to have eligibility to apply and appear in the UG medical entrance exams. If: -

you have passed your 12th board exams, where the main subjects are PCB (Physics, Chemistry, and Biology) or you are appearing in your 12th boards with the main subjects as PCB and if your result is awaited.

The main three UG medical entrance exams are: -

  1. NEET (U.G)



1) National Eligibility cum Entrance Test- also abbreviated as NEET (UG)


NEET (UG) which was previously in the hands of CBSE, but since 2019 it has been conducted by NTA (National Testing Agency).

According to the order passed in May 2016, by the honorable Supreme Court of India, NEET (U.G) has replaced the former Pre-medical entrance examination A.I.P.M.T (also known as All India Pre-medical Test) and all other PMTs which were conducted by the individual states authority at their respective state level.

On July 7, 2018, Ministry of Health and Family Welfare declared in a press release that NEET will be conducted by National Testing Agency (NTA).

This medical entrance examination conducted at the level of U.G will decide the admission to 15% seats that are reserved in various medical and dental colleges as All India Quota and will be filled by Medical Counselling Committee (MCC). Which can be: -

Medical as well as dental courses in government universities or government colleges or private and deemed universities/colleges across India.

Now let us walk you through the complete NEET Exam Pattern: -

NEET is a medical entrance exam which is conducted in offline mode (till now) in a single session.

In this pre-medical entrance examination, a duration of three hours is allowed to answer all the 180 questions.

Apart from the question papers of NEET, which is framed in English and Hindi language, a candidate can opt for the question paper designed in Assamese, Bengali, Gujarati, Marathi, Tamil, Telugu, Oriya, Kannada and Urdu.

The question paper of NEET comprises of 180 MCQ drawn from the NCERT syllabus as provided in the subjects of P.C.B













Marking scheme of NEET Pre-Medical Entrance Exam


Marks are awarded in the following ways: -

Total marks


Marks distribution

4 marks for each 180 questions

For each right answer

+ 4 marks

For each wrong answer

- 4 marks

For blank answer

0 marks


The remaining seats in these medical and dental colleges mentioned above which happen to be remaining 85% seats, are reserved as state quota seats for the concerned students belonging to that very state,  and on the grounds of scores obtained by the candidates in NEET Result, the respective state counselling authorities will exercise the filling of these 85% seats.

On the basis of marks obtained by a student in NEET, Medical Counselling Committee (MCC) will allot all the seats belonging to the central and deemed universities or colleges.


2) AIIMS Medical Entrance examination for M.B.B.S


In India, AIIMS is considered as the Mecca of medical studies, hence you should also aim for AIIMS!

AIIMS New Delhi organises AIIMS pre-medical entrance for the admissions to all nine AIIMS located across India (at New Delhi, Bhopal, Bhubaneswar, Guntur, Jodhpur, Nagpur, Patna, Raipur, and Rishikesh) having a total of eight hundred seats for U.G level of medical studies.

Since more than three lakhs aspirants apply every year, hence the ratio of student v/s number of seats decrease, making the competition tougher.


AIIMS Medical Entrance examination paper pattern (M.B.B.S)


It is a computer-based test where a total of two hundred objective type questions falling in the categories of Multiple-Choice Questions (MCQ) and Reason Assertion (AR) are asked from P.C.B, G.K, and Reasoning.

Some more to the point facts of AIIMS Medical Entrance examination, that you should know are as follows: -

This examination is conducted in two days, where, in each day two shifts of the examination are organised (in morning and evening), i.e. there are a total of 4 shifts of examination.

Morning shifts are generally held from 09:00 am to 12:30 pm and evening shifts from 03:00 pm to 06:30 pm.

As both the students of English, as well as Hindi medium, are eligible for this examination, hence examination paper is designed in both English and Hindi medium.


Marking scheme of AIIMS Medical Entrance examination (M.B.B.S)


Total marks


Marks distribution

1 marks for each 200 questions

For each right answer

+ 1 marks

For each wrong answer

- 1/3 marks

For blank answer

0 marks


A merit list will be prepared for the qualified candidates, and on the basis of the all India rank secured, counselling  process will be done for allotting all the 800 seats.

Where you can grab one AIIMS MBBS seat. SO, you should start your preparation journey right from positive  imagination, in your mind image nation!!



3) JIPMER Medical Entrance Examination (JIPMER MBBS)


You might have heard of JIPMER, let's scan all the information related to JIPMER that you will need, in case you aim your arrow towards it!!

JIPMER stands for Jawaharlal Institute of Postgraduate Medical Education and Research. It is also referred to as AIIMS of south India.

As mentioned earlier in this article, AIIMS and JIPMER falls under the categories of institutes of national importance and have been granted with the rights to conduct their own examination, hence they are out of the ambit of NEET conducted by NTA.

JIPMER, Puducherry conducts JIPMER Medical Entrance Examination, for admissions into MBBS course. It is a gateway to the admissions at both the campuses of JIPMER which are: -

JIPMER Puducherry campus, where a total of 150 MBBS seats are there.

JIPMER Karaikal campus, which has a total of 50 MBBS seats.



JIPMER Medical Entrance Examination paper pattern     


JIPMER Medical Entrance Examination is organised in a computer-based mode, where 200 objective type questions are asked from: -

  1. PCB (Physics, Chemistry, Biology),
  2. English Language & Comprehension and
  3. Logical and Quantitative Reasoning.


The questions asked in this exam are based on the regular syllabus which are followed in the state board schools and as prescribed by NCERT textbooks of Class 11 and 12 in PCB stream. Which we guess, you are about to study or already studying. So no big deal, right?

It is organised in two shifts, i.e. in the morning (10:00 am to 12:30 pm) and in the evening (3:00 pm to 5:30 pm).

Only English is the language in which question paper is framed.


Marking scheme of JIPMER Medical Entrance Examination


Total marks


Marks distribution

4 marks for each 200 questions

For each right answer

+ 4 marks

For each wrong answer

- 1 marks

For blank answer

0 marks


JIPMER Medical Entrance Examination paper carries a total of eight hundred marks.

you will be credited with + 4 marks, in case you mark correct response. And -1 marks if incorrect responses are made.

Whereas no marks will be awarded for your unanswered questions.

In case you secure the minimum qualifying percentile, then you will be included in the merit list. This merit list of Medical Entrance Examination (JIPMER) comprises of

  1. overall percentile scores,
  2. subject-wise marks and
  3. JIPMER rank.


The factors mentioned above will be considered for the counselling process. Through this counselling  process, the seats would be allotted as per the choices filled by you and the seats available.


Reaching till here, you have gone through all the necessary info needed, and hence, come to the end of this article. Now all you have to do is, start preparing for the Medical Entrance exams.

Always remember that the existence of anything starts from imagination, might be in your head or in the thought of almighty!!

So, keep imagining positive. Just imagine yourself getting into this novel profession, and someday you will be!!

If you happen to seek any extra information than just mention in the comment box, and we will get back to you with an answer.





Do You Want Better RANK in Your Exam?

Start Your Preparations with Eduncle’s FREE Study Material

  • Updated Syllabus, Paper Pattern & Full Exam Details
  • Sample Theory of Most Important Topic
  • Model Test Paper with Detailed Solutions
  • Last 5 Years Question Papers & Answers