Eduncle posted an Article
September 9, 2020 • 4:30 pm

How to Become a Professor/Lecturer in India? Step by Step Guidelines

Process to Become a Professor in India

UGC NET 2020 Sample Study Material


Since humans started learning about life, we have been witnessing the teacher's contribution to this world. The youth always get accurate directions under the guidance of good and respectable Teachers or Professors!


Isn’t it a wonderful opportunity and a good career path to becoming a Professor? Indeed! Many of you might be craving for it and the question like ‘How to become a Professor in India?’ must have been hit in your minds several times.


Becoming a professor can be tough task. But, you can attain your goal if you keep a plan and follow the stages one by one. To help you in knowing the stages, in this blog, we are explaining the step by step process on “How to become a college professor in India?”





Eligibility Criteria for Becoming a Professor in India


To become a lecturer in India, you must first look upon whether you have attained the minimum eligibility standards or not. You must check if you possess the degrees that are made mandatory by the UGC norms to be a part of your educational qualification. You must also check your age limit criteria and the list of competitive exams you should appear for.


Below, we have elaborated all these important requirements to make you understand the eligibility criteria to become a lecturer in India.



Download UGC NET Paper 1 Study Plan Free PDF



Educational Qualification to Become a Professor/Lecturer


You must possess a Master’s Degree with some pre-decided percentage of marks that varies for different categories. Check below –


For General Category Candidates – Master’s Degree with at least 55% marks


 For ST/SC/OBC/PWD/Transgenders Candidates – Master’s Degree with 50% marks



Age Limit Criteria for Becoming a College Professor


There is no upper age limit criteria set for being eligible to apply for Assistant Professors. There are many students who choose this profession after getting experiences from other jobs and they have to prepare and qualify the UGC NET Examination, which a lengthy process itself.


Therefore, UGC has not set any age limit bar for those who want to become a lecturer in India.


If you want to have a detailed assessment of the eligibility conditions to become a professor in India, kindly go through the blog post – UGC NET Eligibility 2020


Science students can refer to CSIR NET Eligibility blog for getting the detailed information on eligibility criteria.



Competitive Exams You Have to Appear for Becoming a Professor


For setting your career as a Professor, you must appear for some competitive exams like -


NET (National Eligibility Test)


National Eligibility Test, popularly known as UGC NET Exam is a competitive exam conducted by NTA (National Testing Agency) to select the deserving candidates for lectureship. After getting the UGC NET Certificate for Lectureship candidates can apply for the Assistant Professor posts in reputed UGC approved colleges and universities across the country.



Get Eduncle Study material for upcoming UGC NET Exam trusted by 3000+ selected students. Join Now!!



GATE (Graduate Aptitude Test in Engineering)


The Graduate Aptitude test is an All-India competitive examination. It conducted by the GATE Committee, which comprises faculty members from IISc, Bangalore and the seven IIT’s. Candidates can use the GATE Scores for pursuing Ph.D. And, after publishing your research papers as Ph.D. thesis, you can apply for professor/lecturer post in IITs or NITs.



SLET (State Level Eligibility Test)


SLET is also conducted by University Grant Commission. By clearing SLET, you will only be eligible to apply and work with state-level colleges and universities.


If you want to apply for colleges across the country, you have to qualify UGC NET.





CSIR NET Exam is a national level exam, which conducted by the National Testing Agency. The exam is conducted in the field of Science including Life Sciences, Physical Sciences, Chemical Sciences, Mathematical Sciences and Earth Sciences.

The exam is conducted with the motive to check the eligibility of the candidates to apply for Junior Research Fellowship (JRF) or Lectureship (LS).




Boost your CSIR NET Exam Preparation with the help of complete Study Material including Previous Papers, Mocks tests etc.



Are Ph.D. Students Exempted from Appearing in NET/ SLET Exam?


To preserve the ethics of higher education in our country, the Supreme Court had embraced the guidelines for NET Exam. As per the new guidelines, it was announced that candidates can get an exemption from applying and qualifying NET Exam if they have a Ph.D. Degree with them. It is undeniably a great relief for the Ph.D. students, but to avail the exemption, certain conditions should be fulfilled by the candidates –


The Ph.D. Degree must be awarded through regular mode.


 The research thesis done by them must be evaluated by at least two external examiners.


 The candidate must appear for viva-voce.


 Also, they must publish at least two papers based on the Ph.D. thesis in the research journal.



Get all the important updates for NET Exams –


 UGC NET 2020 Notifications

 CSIR UGC NET/JRF Notification 2020



Fulfilling these eligibility criteria is not enough. In addition, candidates must carry some skills to handle the duties/responsibility of a professor/ lecturer in India. We are going to explain the skills as well as the duties of a professor below in this blog.



9 Crucial Skills You Must Preserve to Become Lecturer/Professor in India


The above-explained eligibility conditions are set by the officials and therefore, are highly mandatory. Ever after fulfilling them, candidates need to develop some skills to become a college professor or lecturer in India. A list of required skills has been made by our experts and is shared below for your comfort –


1. Passion for teaching.


2. Interest in the related subject.


3. Creativity to find new ideas for teaching.


4. Desire to learn new things.


5. Perfect Communication.


6. Deep Research.


7. Problem Solving Ability.


8. Time Management.


9. Positive Confidence.



Download UGC NET Last 5 Exams Answer Keys Free PDF



Duties/ Responsibilities of a Professor/ Lecturer



The duties of a professor or lecturer are not limited to classroom teaching and lectures. They handle more responsibilities that are related to supervising, advising, research, monitoring, keeping records, presentations etc.


Below, you can see the activities performed by the professor/lectures inside and outside the classroom.


Prepare lectures, syllabus, and labs for their classes.


 Grade the class assignments.


 Prepare, execute and grade the exams.


 Calculate the grades of the students.


 Advise the students outside the class.


 Research new learning techniques and introduce them to students.


 Supervise and evaluate graduate students teaching and teaching by the colleagues.


 Lead educational trips and attend various seminars.


 Student counseling.


 Supervise and help graduates in their research work.


 Evaluate Ph.D. written and oral exams.


 Write proposals for funding agencies.


 Write papers for academic journal publication.


 Presentations in various institutes regarding higher education.


 Research new developments in education


 Give public lectures.



Salary and Scope for Professors in India


Professors or Lecturers enjoy a good salary package in India. The salary of professors depends upon many aspects like:


Place/ Location

 Type of the Organization

 Experience of the Candidate

 Usually, the monthly salary of a Professor lies between 40000 – 90000 INR.



Download UGC NET Syllabus 2020 (For All Subjects)



Important Note: The Government has doubled the salary of the guest lecturers in government and aided college. From now UGC NET or JRF (Junior Research Fellowship) qualified lecturers will get Rs 1750 per day and maximum Rs 43,750 for 25 working days in a month.


In India, the Professors or Lecturers can get the highest payment from these institutes –







A professor can go up to the post of Chancellor by following the trails as – Professor => Senior Professor => Professor of Eminence => Dean/Director => Pro- Vice-Chancellor => Vice-Chancellor => Chancellor. You can find the opportunities in various Government Colleges, Private Colleges, Universities and Research Institutes.


In our country, there are many cities where you can get ample of opportunities of getting Professor/ Lecturer Jobs. You can qualify UGC NET Lectureship and apply for the Professor’s post in these cities –


Ahmadabad, Gujarat


 Bangalore, Karnataka


 Chennai, Tamil Nadu


 Coimbatore, Tamil Nadu


 Faridabad, Haryana


 Hyderabad, Andhra Pradesh


 Indore, Madhya Pradesh


 Jaipur, Rajasthan


 Kolkata (Calcutta), West Bengal


 Mumbai, Maharashtra


 New Delhi


 Noida, Uttar Pradesh


 Pune, Maharashtra



You might also be looking for –


 UGC NET Recruitment 2020 for Lecturers

 UGC NET 2020 Syllabus with Important Topics

 CSIR NET Recruitment 2020

 CSIR NET Syllabus 2020



Here we have provided the detailed information that you needed for becoming a professor in India. It’s an undoubted fact that this profession comes with a handful of responsibilities. But, the occupation also offers a good payment and an honourable status in society.


So, get ready, have a quick glance at the above-mentioned piece of information if you are confused about how to become a professor in India and start your preparations straight away. For any queries, ask us through the comments box.


All the Best!



Showing 7 comments out of 7
  • Shachi mittal
    Thanks for the detailed information. Please tell if PhD is not compulsory to be a lecturer or professor in University or colleges?
    Hello Shachi,
    Greetings from Eduncle!
    After qualifying in UGC NET Exam you can apply for the post of Assistant Professor in Universities and colleges without having a PhD...
    Show more
  • Jitendra kumar
    What subject is there for M.Tech. Civil Engineering candidate in UGC NET Exam.
    Hello Jitendra,
    Greetings from Eduncle!
    According to exam guidelines, aspirants can apply for the exam with their post-graduation subject or related to that. And there is...
    Show more
  • Radhaanandkumar14
    As I hv completed my masters in 2004,now I want to go for teaching. Is there any refreshing classes r conducted tp hv a glance over the subjects.
  • B n rithvik
    I am final year student at KSOU, Applied for PGD for Financial Management at St.Joseph's College. It's one year courses and am i eligible for lectures without NET OR PHD.?
    Hello Rithvik,
    Greetings from Eduncle!
    The HRD dept has made PhD mandatory for Assistant professors from 2021. You are eligibile to apply for NET exam .
    Thanks for as...
    Show more
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