Eduncle posted an Article
September 08, 2022 • 17:19 pm

How to Become a Professor/Lecturer in India? Step by Step Guidelines

Process to Become a Professor in India

UGC NET 2022 Study Material

Teaching has always been considered a reputed job in Indian society as it offers a stable and honorable career and income. It is regarded to be the most responsible profile because a teacher leads the future of youth and the country.

A college/university professor has a lot of responsibilities apart from teaching. If you wish to pursue your career as a college lecturer and have a strong commitment and desire for it, then you must know the details about it.

In this article, we will provide all the essential information on how to become a professor in India.

Eligibility Criteria for Professor

Education Qualification

Age Limit

Competitive Exams to Become a Professor

Are Ph.D. Students Exempted from Appearing in NET/ SLET Exam?

Required Skills to Become a Professor

Duties/ Responsibilities of a Professor

Salary and Scope for Professors in India




Eligibility Criteria for Becoming a Professor in India


To become a lecturer in India, you must check:

 The minimum eligibility standards  

 Academic degrees that are made mandatory by the UGC norms  

 Age limit criteria  

List of competitive exams you should appear for


Below, we have elaborated all these important requirements to make you understand the lecturer eligibility criteria set by UGC for Indian universities.



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Educational Qualification Required for Professor/ Lecturer Profile


You must have a master’s degree with minimum aggregate percentage secured to be eligible for lecturer profile:

Below mentioned is the category-wise educational qualification:



Educational Qualification 


Master’s degree with a minimum of 55% marks 


Master’s degree with a minimum of 50% marks 



Age Limit Criteria to Become College Professor


There are no age limit criteria set to be eligible to apply for the profile of Assistant professor. Many students choose this profession after getting prior experience, which proves to be beneficial in getting the job.

Therefore, UGC has not set any age limit for lectureship post.


You can check the detailed Lecturer Eligibility Criteria for UGC NET here.



Competitive Exams Required to Become a Professor


To pursue your career as a professor, you must appear for the competitive exams mentioned below-



1. NET (National Eligibility Test)


 NET, popularly known as UGC NET, is a competitive exam conducted by NTA (National Testing Agency) to select candidates for the profile of lecturer and JRF.

 To apply for this exam, you must have a master’s degree with at least 55% marks secured from a recognized university, to be eligible for this exam.

 Once you clear the exam and receive the UGC NET Certificate, you can apply for Assistant Professor profile in reputed colleges and universities across the country.



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2. GATE (Graduate Aptitude Test in Engineering)


The Graduate Aptitude Test is an All-India competitive examination conducted by the GATE Committee, which comprises faculty members from IISc Bangalore and the seven IIT’s.


You can use the GATE score to pursue PhD and, after publishing your research papers as PhD thesis you can apply for professor/lecturer post in IITs or NITs.



3. SLET (State Level Eligibility Test)


SLET is a state-level examination that is also conducted by the National Testing Agency. After clearing SLET, you will become eligible to apply and work with state-level colleges and universities.





CSIR NET is a national level exam, conducted by the National Testing Agency. The exam is conducted in the field of science including Life Sciences, Physical Sciences, Chemical Sciences, Mathematical Sciences and Earth Sciences.

This exam checks the eligibility of candidates to apply for the Junior Research Fellowship (JRF) or Lectureship (LS).


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Are PhD. Students Exempted from Appearing in NET/ SLET Exam?


As per the new guidelines, the Supreme Court of India had announced that if candidates have a PhD Degree, then they can get an exemption from applying for NET Exam.

It means you can directly apply for lecturer job in various universities with your PhD degree.

But to avail the exemption, certain conditions should be fulfilled by the candidates –


The PhD degree must be awarded through regular mode.

The research thesis done by you must be evaluated by at least two external examiners.

You must appear for viva-voce.

You should publish at least two papers based on the PhD thesis in the research journal.


Get all the important updates for NET Exams – UGC NET 2021 Notifications



9 Required Skills to Become Professor in India


Apart from fulfilling the eligibility criteria, you need to develop some set of skills to pursue a career as a college professor or lecturer.

Below, we have provided a list of required skills, prepared by our experts, to help you:

Passion for teaching.

Deep interest in the related subject.

Creativity to find innovative ideas for teaching.

Desire to learn new things.

Perfect communication.

Thorough research.

Problem-solving ability.

Time management.

Positive confidence.



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Duties/ Responsibilities of a Professor


The duties of a professor are not limited to classroom teaching and lectures. They have much more responsibilities such as supervising, advising, research, monitoring, keeping records, presentations etc.

Below mentioned are some duties and responsibilities of a professor inside and outside the classroom:

 Prepare lectures, syllabus, and labs for their classes.

 Grade the class assignments.

 Prepare, execute, and grade the exams.

 Calculate the grades of the students.

 Advise the students outside the class.

 Research new learning techniques and introduce them to students.

 Supervise and evaluate teaching by graduates and colleagues.

 Lead educational trips and attend various seminars.

 Student counselling.

 Supervise and help graduates in their research work.

 Evaluate PhD written and oral exams.

 Write proposals for funding agencies.

 Draft papers for academic journal publication.

 Presentations in various institutes about higher education.

 Research new developments in education.

 Give public lectures.



Salary and Scope for Professors in India


Professors or lecturers enjoy a good salary package in India. The salary of professors depends upon many aspects like:

 Place/ Location 

 Type of the Organization 



Usually, the monthly salary of a Professor lies between 40,000 – 90,000 INR.


In India, the Professors or Lecturers can get the highest payment from these institutes–









A professor can be promoted to the post of Chancellor as per the path mentioned below: 

Professor => Senior Professor => Professor of Eminence => Dean/Director => Pro- Vice-Chancellor => Vice-Chancellor => Chancellor.


In our country, there are many cities where you can get many opportunities of getting Professor/ Lecturer Jobs. You can qualify UGC NET Lectureship and apply for the Professor’s post in these cities–

Ahmadabad, Gujarat 

 Bangalore, Karnataka 

 Chennai, Tamil Nadu 

Coimbatore, Tamil Nadu 

Faridabad, Haryana 

Hyderabad, Andhra Pradesh 

Indore, Madhya Pradesh 

Jaipur, Rajasthan 

Kolkata (Calcutta), West Bengal 

Mumbai, Maharashtra 

New Delhi 

Noida, Uttar Pradesh 

Pune, Maharashtra



Download UGC NET Syllabus 2022 Free PDF



FAQs (Frequently Asked Questions)


Now that you know the common questions asked and skills required for lectureship interview, we have provided some frequently asked questions by students UGC NET Lectureship interview.



Q1. How long does it take to become a college professor in India?

Ans. It may take 6-8 years for you to become a college professor. Completing graduation, post-graduation and gaining prior work experience counts up to the time for getting job as a professor. 



Q2. What should I do after 12th to become a professor?

Ans. If you aspire to become a professor/lecturer after your 12th, you have to complete your under-graduate and post-graduate degree in your preferred subject and appear for UGC NET exam.



Q3. What is the salary of UGC NET qualified Assistant Professor?

Ans. Assistant Professor generally makes Rs.37,000 per month, but the salary package may vary according to the university/college.



Q4. How to become a professor in IIT and what is the salary package? 

Ans. To become a professor in IIT you must have 10 years of teaching experience or research in your concerned field.

You should also have minimum 4 years of experience as an Associate professor. The minimum salary in IITs is Rs. 48,000.



Get free guidance from our team of experts regarding UGC NET Exam. Click Here.



Teaching profession comes with lot of responsibilities, offers good payment and an honorable status in society. So, it’s important that you carefully go through all the important details we have provided in this article on how to become a professor.

If you have further queries, please mention them in the comment box below.

Also, download the Eduncle App, where you can ask all your doubts to a pan-India community of students and experts.


Thank You.



Showing 10 comments out of 17
  • Preeti preeti

    Sir if someone had completed there phd. So she is eligible to teach as a senior faculty in any government institute or there is any other criteria for being a government professor? Please tell me.

  • Ritabrita ghosh

    Do we have to complete M. Ed to become an assistant professor?


    Hello Ritabrita
    Greeting from Eduncle!
    Yes, to become eligible for assistant professor, you must have completed your post-graduation or master's degree in your respective discipline.
    Thank You!!

  • Kowsalya

    If i finished my net exam and i get good marks and also i finished my interview now I need to work any colleges for experience without salary??

  • Neha sood Sood

    Hi, I hold a Masters in Finance degree from ICFAI University and I have 13 years of experience in Financial Services Industry. What is the requirement if I plan to shift to teaching faculty in Universities/B-Schools? Is PHD a mandatory requirement? Regards, Neha

  • Aditi bhardwaj

    Aditi Bhardwaj I have completed B.A and company secretary profession am i eligible for lecturer job


    Hello Aditi,
    Greetings from Eduncle!
    You can apply for a Lecture Job after qualifying for the NET exam.
    Thank You!!

  • B n rithvik

    I am final year student at KSOU, Applied for PGD for Financial Management at St.Joseph's College. It's one year courses and am i eligible for lectures without NET OR PHD.?


    Hello Rithvik,
    Greetings from Eduncle!
    The HRD dept has made PhD mandatory for Assistant professors from 2021. You are eligibile to apply for NET exam .
    Thanks for asking your query with us!

  • Pradeep rajesh

    MCA,ME., Can work as Assitant professor in arts and science college are not

  • Jitendra kumar

    What subject is there for M.Tech. Civil Engineering candidate in UGC NET Exam.


    Hello Jitendra,
    Greetings from Eduncle!
    According to exam guidelines, aspirants can apply for the exam with their post-graduation subject or related to that. And there is no subject is available in UGC NET for Civil branch. You can apply for GATE exam.
    Thank You.

  • Shachi mittal

    Thanks for the detailed information. Please tell if PhD is not compulsory to be a lecturer or professor in University or colleges?


    Hello Shachi,
    Greetings from Eduncle!
    After qualifying in UGC NET Exam you can apply for the post of Assistant Professor in Universities and colleges without having a PhD.
    Thank You!


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