Since the world originated in the distant past, we have been witnessing the teachers showing precise avenues to the populace. The society enters the correct path of progression only if the youth dwelling in it put their energy into virtuous arenas. And, they will get the accurate directions under the guidance of good and respectable Teachers or Professors!
Isn’t it a wonderful opportunity to establish your career as a Professor? Indeed! Many of you might be craving for it and the question like ‘How to become a Professor in India?’ must have been hit in your minds several times.
Becoming a professor can be an uphill battle. But, you can attain your goal if you keep a plan and follow the stages one by one. To help you in knowing the stages, in this blog, we are explaining the step by step process on “How to become a college professor in India?”
Let us start by knowing the list of criteria that will prove you to be eligible for becoming a professor/ Lecturer in UGC Recognized Universities and colleges.
Eligibility Criteria for Becoming a Professor in India
To become a lecturer in India, you must first look upon whether you have attained the minimum eligibility standards or not. You must check if you possess the degrees that are made mandatory by the UGC norms to be a part of your educational qualification. You must also check your age limit criteria and the list of competitive exams you should appear for.
Below, we have elaborated all these important requirements to make you understand the eligibility criteria to become a lecturer in India.
Educational Qualification to Become a Professor/Lecturer
You must possess a Master’s Degree with some pre-decided percentage of marks that varies for different categories. Check below –
For General Category Candidates – Master’s Degree with at least 55% marks
For ST/SC/OBC/PWD Candidates – Master’s Degree with 50% marks
Age Limit Criteria for Becoming a College Professor
There is no upper age limit Criteria set for being eligible to apply for Assistant Professors. There are many students who choose this profession after getting experiences from other jobs and they have to prepare and qualify the UGC NET Examination, which a lengthy process itself.
Therefore, UGC has not set any age limit bar for those who want to become a lecturer in India.
If you want to have a detailed assessment of the eligibility conditions to become a professor in India, kindly go through the blog post – UGC NET Eligibility 2018
Science students can refer to CSIR NET Eligibility blog for getting the detailed information on eligibility criteria.
Competitive Exams You Have to Appear for Becoming a Professor
For setting your career as a Professor, you must appear for some competitive exams like –
NET (National Eligibility Test)
National Eligibility Test, popularly known as UGC NET Exam is a competitive exam conducted for selecting candidates to apply for the Assistant Professor posts in reputed UGC approved colleges and universities across the country.
Earlier, the UGC NET Exam used to be conducted twice a year but after the CBSE has taken over its charges, the duration of the exam conduct is not fixed.
GATE (Graduate Aptitude Test in Engineering)
The Graduate Aptitude test is an All-India competitive examination. It conducted by the GATE Committee, which comprises faculty members from IISc, Bangalore and the seven IIT’s. Candidates can use the GATE Scores for pursuing Ph.D. And, after publishing your research papers as Ph.D. thesis, you can apply for professor/lecturer post in IITs or NITs.
SLET (State Level Eligibility Test)
SLET is also conducted by University Grant Commission. By clearing SLET, you will only be eligible to apply and work with state-level colleges and universities.
If you want to apply for colleges across the country, you have to qualify UGC NET.
CSIR NET Exam is a national level exam, which conducted by the Council of Scientific & Industrial Research (CSIR). The exam is conducted in the field of Science including Life Sciences, Physical Sciences, Chemical Sciences, Mathematical Sciences and Earth Sciences.
The exam is conducted with the motive to check the eligibility of the candidates to apply for Junior Research Fellowship (JRF) or Lectureship (LS).
Are Ph.D. Students Exempted from Appearing in NET/ SLET Exam?
To preserve the ethics of higher education in our country, the Supreme Court had embraced the guidelines for NET Exam. As per the new guidelines, it was announced that candidates can get an exemption from applying and qualifying NET Exam if they have a Ph.D. Degree with them. It is undeniably a great relief for the Ph.D. students, but to avail the exemption, certain conditions should be fulfilled by the candidates –
The Ph.D. Degree must be awarded through regular mode.
The research thesis done by them must be evaluated by at least two external examiners.
The candidate must appear for viva-voce.
Also, they must publish at least two papers based on the Ph.D. thesis in the research journal.
Get all the important updates for NET Exams –
Fulfilling these eligibility criteria is not enough. In addition, candidates must carry some skills to handle the duties/responsibility of a professor/ lecturer in India. We are going to explain the skills as well as the duties of a professor below in this blog.
9 Crucial Skills You Must Preserve to Become Lecturer/Professor in India
The above-explained eligibility conditions are set by the officials and therefore, are highly mandatory. Ever after fulfilling them, candidates need to develop some skills to become a college professor or lecturer in India. A list of required skills has been made by our experts and is shared below for your comfort –
1. Passion for teaching.
2. Interest in the related subject.
3. Creativity to find new ideas for teaching.
4. Desire to learn new things.
5. Perfect Communication.
6. Deep Research.
7. Problem Solving Ability.
8. Time Management.
9. Positive Confidence.
Duties/ Responsibilities of a Professor/ Lecturer
The duties of a professor or lecturer are not limited to classroom teaching and lectures. They handle more responsibilities that are related to supervising, advising, research, monitoring, keeping records, presentations etc.
Below, you can see the activities performed by the professor/lectures inside and outside the classroom.
Prepare lectures, syllabus, and labs for their classes.
Grade the class assignments.
Prepare, execute and grade the exams.
Calculate the grades of the students.
Advise the students outside the class.
Research new learning techniques and introduce them to students.
Supervise and evaluate graduate students teaching and teaching by the colleagues.
Lead educational trips and attend various seminars.
Supervise and help graduates in their research work.
Evaluate Ph.D. written and oral exams.
Write proposals for funding agencies.
Write papers for academic journal publication.
Presentations in various institutes regarding higher education.
Research new developments in education
Give public lectures.
Salary and Scope for Professors in India
Professors or Lecturers enjoy a good salary package in India. The salary of professors depends upon many aspects like:
Type of the Organization
Experience of the Candidate
Usually, the monthly salary of a Professor lies between 40000 – 90000 INR.
Important Note: As per the recent information, the Government has doubled the salary of the guest lecturers in government and aided college. From now UGC NET or JRF (Junior Research Fellowship) qualified lecturers will get Rs 1750 per day and maximum Rs 43,750 for 25 working days in a month.
In India, the Professors or Lecturers can get the highest payment from these institutes –
A professor can go up to the post of Chancellor by following the trails as – Professor => Senior Professor => Professor of Eminence => Dean/Director => Pro- Vice-Chancellor => Vice-Chancellor => Chancellor. You can find the opportunities in various Government Colleges, Private Colleges, Universities and Research Institutes.
In our country, there are many cities where you can get ample of opportunities of getting Professor/ Lecturer Jobs. You can qualify UGC NET Lectureship and apply for the Professor’s post in these cities –
Chennai, Tamil Nadu
Coimbatore, Tamil Nadu
Hyderabad, Andhra Pradesh
Indore, Madhya Pradesh
Kolkata (Calcutta), West Bengal
Noida, Uttar Pradesh
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Here we are wrapping up the blog post after handing over the information that you needed for becoming a professor in India. It’s an undeniable fact that this profession comes with a handful of responsibilities. But, the occupation also offers a good payment and an honorable status in the society. And, this is sufficient to get magnetized towards this profession.
So, get ready, have a quick glance at the above-mentioned piece of information if you are confused about how to become a professor in India and start your preparations straightaway.
Thanks for reading!
All the Best!