GK Eduwrap – 25th May 2015

Update your IQ with the GK Eduwrap Daily Edition, loaded with GK updates, Current Affairs and all major happenings across the Globe. With GK Eduwrap you can now confidently crack the IBPS, SSC’s Current Affairs Section. Good Luck

 

National:

1. A. Vellayan was resigned from the chairmanship of the Murugappa Group Corporate Board. He also relinquished the post of Chairman in the Coromandel International Ltd. and the EID Parry India Ltd.

2. Steel Authority of India Limited (SAIL) and ArcelorMittal signed a Memorandum of Understanding (MoU) to set up an automotive steel manufacturing facility under a Joint Venture (JV) arrangement in India.

3. AIADMK General Secretary J. Jayalalithaa was sworn-in as the Chief Minister of Tamil Nadu for fifth time. Along with her, 28 others were sworn in as ministers in her Cabinet. She is the 18th Chief Minister of Tamil Nadu and succeeded O. Panneerselvam who resigned following her acquittal in the disproportionate assets case by the Karnataka High Court.

4. India reached 6th position in terms of scientific publications, according to the reports of Department of Science and Technology. At present, India and UK are collaborating in various sectors in fields like nuclear energy, solar energy, monsoon and public health, rejuvenation of Ganga River and climate change.

5. Andaman & Nicobar Police proposed to reserve 33% of the seats for the posts of constable and sub-inspector for women. Union Government led by Prime Minister Narendra Modi has also approved 33% reservation for women in police forces of all union territories, including Delhi, citing difficulties faced by women complainants to approach the male-dominated police force.

6. Authorities of the Gangotri National Park in Uttarakhand opened the Nelong Valley for tourists for the first time since its closure in 1962. Nelong valley, situated 45 km away from the Indo-China border in the Uttarkashi district, was closed for civilians after the 1962 war between both the countries.

7. Indian Green Building Council (IGBC) reported that India has registered green building projects of over three billion sq ft area. The achievement has put India at the second position in the world green building footprint.  IGBC aims to rope in 10 billion sq ft by 2022. IGBC is a part of the industry body Confederation of Indian Industry (CII), which is involved in promoting the green building movement in India.

8. A group of researchers from the Konkan Cetacean Population Study (CPS) team between March and May 2015 spotted two Blue Whales (mother-calf pair) and four Bryde’s whales near Kunkeshwar off the Sindhudurg coast in Maharashtra. This is for the first time after 100 years that the Blue Whales were sighted off the coast of Maharashtra. Last time, a blue whale was sighted in waters of Maharashtra was in 1914.

9. The Union Cabinet gave its approval for setting up of a new Ammonia-Urea Complex at Namrup in Assam. The complex will be set up on Public-Private Partnership (PPP) mode by a joint venture (JV). It will be of 8.64 lakh metric tonnes annual capacity and will be operationalised with an investment of 4500 crore rupees.

10. Bilateral naval exercise SIMBEX-15 between India and Singapore commenced on 23rd May 2015 in Singapore. It is 3 days exercise which will conclude on 26th May 2015.

This edition of naval exercise will give traditional emphasis on anti-submarine warfare (ASW) and more complex maritime exercises. It will involve various facets of naval operations such as air and surface practice firing, air defence, maritime security and search & rescue operations.

For this edition of exercise, Indian navy is represented by
INS Satpura: an indigenously built guided missile stealth frigate with integral helicopter.
INS Kamorta: an indigenous anti-submarine warfare (ASW) corvette.
P 8I Aircraft: It is a long Range Maritime Reconnaissance Anti- Submarine (LRMRASW) aircraft.

11. Tanishq Abraham, 11-year-old Indian-American child prodigy created a record by graduating from California College with three associate degrees in science, maths and foreign language studies. He is native of Sacramento, California and youngest to graduate from the American River College (ARC), in Sacramento, California.

International:

1. The United States (US) Army developed Blast proof Wallpaper to protect soldiers from explosions. A prototype was displayed at an exhibition of army innovations held at the Pentagon. The ballistic wallpaper was displayed at the Department of Defense Lab Day among 100 innovations from US Army engineers.

2. The British sports business magazine SportsPro released the World’s 50 Most Marketable 2015 report. According to SportsPro’s listing of the top 50 most marketable athletes in the world for 2015, Eugenie Bouchard, Tennis player from Canada, topped the list. Virat Kohli of India was at 6th position in that list. Another Indian, ace shuttler Saina Nehwal was placed at the 44th position.

3. Russian government officially has enacted a law banning undesirable non-governmental organisations (NGOs) in the country.

4. China has set up a gold sector fund involving 65 countries along the ancient Silk Road.  It has been set up in China’s northwest Xi’an city during ongoing forum on investment and trade. The fund will be led by Shanghai Gold Exchange (SGE) and is expected to raise 16.1 billion dollars in three phases. It should be noted that it is the largest fund set up by China in the gold sector.

5. United Nation Security Council (UNSC) adopted a resolution calling for stronger cooperation among member nations in stemming the illicit transfer and misuse of small arms and light weapons. UNSC resolution comes in wake of underlining suffering caused by small arms and light weapons to civilians.

6. Republic of Ireland became first country in the world to constitutionally legalise same-sex marriage. The referendum on this issue to amend country’s written constitution was passed with a resounding 62.1% ‘Yes’. Off the total voter turnout of 60.5%, 1,201,607 people voted in favour of same-sex marriage, while 734,300 voted against it.

Economics:

1.  Two-wheeler major Hero MotoCorp has clocked sales of 100,000 motorcycles and scooters on online marketplace Snapdeal. At an average of Rs 50,000 for each unit, the value of the sales achieved online would be approximately Rs. 500 Cr.

Appointment:

1. G. Mohan Kumar has been appointed as the Secretary of the Ministry of Defence (MoD).

2. M. Chandramohan, an IT specialist, was re-elected as secretary of GOPIO Singpore.

3. Ranjit Singh Baxi, chairman of J & H Sales (International) ltd., has been elected as the head of the Bureau of International Recycling, a global organisation that facilitates free and fair trade of recyclables in a sustainable and competitive world economy. He will serve a two-year term as president of the Brussels-based recycling association.

4. Parvinder Singh Batth, an Indian-origin Conservative party councillor was chosen as the mayor of United Kingdom’s Wokingham Borough Council. With this, he became the first Sikh to hold the Mayor’s position in UK. He succeeds Councillor UllaKarin Clark for this post and will serve till 2016.

Sports:

1. Mercedes racing driver Nico Rosberg of Germany won the Monaco Grand Prix Formula 1 World Championship title by winning the final race held in Monaco.

2. Badminton World Federation (BWF) released the latest single’s rankings. The ranking was topped by Ace shuttler Saina Nehwal. She was followed by Li Xuerui of China.

3. IPL 2015:

Mumbai Indians clinched their second IPL title following a crushing 41-run win over Chennai Super Kings in the final held at Eden Garden, Kolkata.

Mumbai Indians (MI) is owned by India’s biggest conglomerate, Reliance Industries led by Mukesh Ambani through its 100% subsidiary IndiaWin Sports.

Ownership of MI: IndiaWin Sports Pvt Ltd (Stake: 98.3%), Teesta Retail Pvt Ltd. (Stake: 1.7%).

IPL-2015-Champion-Winner-Mumbai-Indians-Eduncle» Champion: Mumbai Indians (Rs. 15 Cr. Prize Money)
» Runner-up: Chennai Super Kings (Rs. 10 Cr. Prize Money)
» Man-of-the-Final: Rohit Sharma (MI)
» Maximum Sixes award in the final: 3 – Kieron Pollard (MI)

Awards:
» Orange Cap (Most Runs): 562 runs in 14 innings – David Warner (Sunrisers Hyderabad)
» Purple Cap (Most Wickets): 26 wickets in 16 innings – Dwayne Bravo (Chennai Super Kings)
» Emerging Player: Shreyas Iyer (Delhi Daredevils) – 439 runs in 14 innings
» Fair Play Award: Chennai Super Kings
» Best Catch of the Tournament: Dwayne Bravo (CSK Vs RR). Took Shane Watson’s catch at the boundary
» Most Valuable Player: Andre Russell (Kolkata Knight Riders)

Other Important Statistics:
» Total centuries: 4 (AB de Villiers, Chris Gayle, Brendon McCullum and Shane Watson)
» Highest Individual Score: 133 not out – De Villiers (RCB Vs MI)
» Fastest Century: Chris Gayle – 46-ball ton Vs Kings XI Punjab
» Fastest Half Century: 19 balls – Andre Russell (KKR Vs KXIP) and Harbhajan Singh (MI Vs KXIP). Russell won the award as he had better strike rate.
» Most Sixes (Maximum Season award): 38 – Chris Gayle (Royal Challengers Bangalore)
» Most Fours: 65 – David Warner (SRH)
» Total sixes in the tournament: 692
» Total wickets in the tournament: 686
» Highest Team Total: 235/1 – RCB VS MI
» Lowest Team Total: 88-10 – KXIP VS RCB

4. Indian boxers have rounded off a brilliant run at the Doha International Tournament by winning four gold, one silver and two bronze medals. The silver medal was won by Gaurav Bidhuri in 52 kg category. While Mandeep Jangra and Vikas Krishan bagged bronze medals in 69kg and 75kg categories respectively. Gold medal winners are

» L. Devendro Singh
» Shiva Thapa
» Manish Kaushik
» Manoj Kumar

Awards & Recognition:

1. Indian film Masaan has won the prestigious critics prize in the Uncertain Regard category at the 68th Cannes Film Festival after it was premiered on 20th May 2015.

The film is directoral debut of Neeraj Ghaywan and a joint production of Manish Mundra, Macassar Productions, Arte France Cinema, Sikhya Entertainment & Phantom Films. It stars Vicky Kaushal, Shweta Tripathi along with Richa Chadda and Sanjay Mishra. The film is a narrative set based in Varanasi and its characters connected with the Ganga.

2. Cannes Films Festival 2015: 

List of awards at the Cannes Film Festival Feature Films:
» Palme d’Or: Dheepan, directed by Jacques Audiard
» Grand Prix: Saul Fia (Son of Saul), directed by Laszlo Nemes
» Award for Best Director: Hou Hsiao-Hsien for Nie Yinniang (The Assassin)
» Award for Best Screenplay: Michel Franco for Chronic
» Award for Best Actress Ex-aequo: Emmanuelle Bercot in Mon Roi, directed by Maiwenn and Rooney Mara in Carol, directed by Todd Haynes
» Award for Best Actor: Vincent Lindon in La Loi Du Marché (The Measure of a Man), directed by Stephane Brize
» Jury Prize: The Lobster, directed by Yorgos Lanthimos

Short Films:
» Palme d’Or - Short Film: Waves ’98 directed by Ely Dagher

Uncertain Regard:
» Un Certain Regard Prize: Hrútar (RAMS) directed by Grímur Hakonarson
» Jury Prize – Un Certain Regard: Zvizdan (The High Sun) directed by Dalibor Matanic
» Directing Prize of Un Certain Regard: Kishibe No Tabi (Journey to the Shore) directed by Kurosawa Kiyoshi
» Un Certain Talent Prize: Comoara (The Treasure) directed by Corneliu Porumboiu.

Promizing Future Prize Ex-aequo:
» Nahid directed by Ida Panahandeh
» Masaan Directed by Neeraj Ghaywan

Cinefondation:
» 1st Prize Cinéfondation: Share directed by Pippa Bianco
» 2nd Prize Cinéfondation: Locas Perdidas (Lost Queens) directed by Ignacio Juricic Merillán
» 3rd Prize Cinéfondation Ex-aequo: Victor XX directed by Ian Garrido López
» The Return of Erkin directed by Maria Guskova

Golden camera:
» Camera d’or: La Tierra Y La Sombra directed by César Augusto Acevedo

3. Two Indian peacekeepers have been chosen posthumously for United Nation’s Dag Hammarskjold Medal. They are Lance Naik Nand Ram and Raju Joseph. They have been chosen for this award for their courage and sacrifice while serving in UN peacekeeping operations in 2014 and lost their lives as a result of hostile acts, accidents and disease. They will be presented with this medal on 29th May 2015 i.e. on the International Day of United Nations Peacekeepers.

Science & Technology:

1. China-based Huawei Technologies Co. Ltd. launched LiteOS operating sytem meant for Internet of Things (IoT) based devices.

The technology is part of the Agile Internet of Things (IoT) solution, which consists of three core components viz., Agile IoT gateway, Agile Controller and LiteOS, developed to augment the digitization of areas such as production, manufacturing and logistics.

Internet of Things (loT): IoT refers to a network of internet connected devices which are embedded with electronic sensors and data transmitting technologies. By using the Internet, the data collected by sensors in the IoT devices like cars, power systems and even as small as tooth brushes transmitted to other networked devices and data processing systems. Thus, the information generated by processing the data will be used by the companies and individuals to make better decisions.

Some features of LiteOS:
» It is the world’s most lightweight IoT OS with a size of 10KB.
» It supports zero configuration, auto-discovery and auto-networking.
» It can be widely applied to different areas including smart homes, wearables, connected vehicles and other industries.
» It helps to simplify the development of smart hardware to enhance IoT connectivity.
» It will be opened to all developers, which enables them to quickly develop their own IoT products.

Death:

1. The Princeton University mathematician John Forbes Nash Jr. died along with his wife in a car crash on 23rd May 2015. He was 86. His taxi crashed on the New Jersey Turnpike in Monroe Township when the driver lost control. Oscar-winning film, A Beautiful Mind was inspired by his life.

2. Veteran jazz musician Bob Belden passed away on 20th May 2015 after suffering a heart attack. He was 58. Belden was a jazz saxophonist, composer, arranger and producer who was among the first American musicians to perform in Iran since its 1979 revolution in 2015 when he toured there.

Important Dates:

1. The United Nations (UN) observed the International Day for Biological Diversity (IBD) on 22th May 2015. The theme for the year 2015 is Biodiversity for Sustainable Development.

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