According to new analysis of India’s research and innovation landscape, The Indian Institutes of Technology (IITs) and the Tata Institute of Fundamental Research (TIFR) have emerged as leaders in university-industry-government (UIG) collaborations in the last decade.
Vivek Kumar Singh of the Department of Computer Science, Banaras Hindu University, told IANS “The analysis revealed IIT is the top participating in all the categories of collaboration in the research out data for India for the period 2005 to 2014”
IG collaborations were mapped based on data corresponding to all research publications indexed in Web of Science database during 2005 to 2014.
“All the records were then accordingly labelled as UI (university-industry), UG (university-government), IG (industry-government) or UIG (university-industry-government) instances,” Vivek Singh said. This helps the researchers to identify the top 10 institutions from the university, industry and government sectors which are part of UI, IG, UG and UIG collaborations.
“The IITs and the Tata Institute of Fundamental Research are the two prominent players with many collaboration output pairs,” said Vivek Singh,
After IITs and TIFR, All India Institute of Medical Sciences (AIIMS) and the Bhabha Atomic Research Centre clinched the second spot in UI and UG partnerships respectively.
IITs and TIFR are in top 5 UI and UG collaborative pairs in the country. Jalwaharlal Nehru Technological University and Reddy’s Laboratories marked 1st in UI paring with 192 collaborations where as in UG pairs IITs and Bhabha Atomic Research Centre topped with 662 joint ventures.
In addition, the group also pinpointed subject-wise variations in the UIG network.
“University-government collaboration is higher in Biological Sciences and Environmental Sciences. In case of UI collaboration, Medical Sciences and Geology report higher output.
Vivek Singh said “The paper focusses only on measuring the collaboration activity among different sectors without any effort to know the reasons and to the best of our knowledge there has been no previous work of this type in Indian setting.”
He added that a direct inference that can be made is that the IITs and TIFR are well established institutions with a track record of good research and collaborations with other organization.
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